Was the American Revolution the result of economic issues, political issues, or a combination of both?
The American Revolution resulted from the settlement of English colonists into the Natives’ land and infringement of the Natives’ freedom. When King James of England decided to colonize New World to secure more land for commercial production, he approached the Virginia Company by handling to them a land grant, with a hope to establish a colonial territory in North America. The English colony began the scramble for the New World when it established the first settlement at Chesapeake Bay in 1607. The Natives were not happy with the new settlers, and they reacted by attacking the colonists the same night that they arrived. The persistent settling of English colonies in the New World led to American Revolution, which was both political and economic struggle for the Natives’ land and freedom.
When English settlers arrived in Virginia, they found fertile land to grow tobacco. Within a short time, they managed to harvest large quantity of tobacco, which earned them almost three times more than they could have earned in England (“Colonial History_1” 5). This motivated them to move to the interior America to search for more land. Settlers also came as missionaries, and the Puritans ensured that the Native Americans had to conform to religious behavior and strict moral laws, such as observance of Sabbath day.
The northern colonists persisted in acquiring more land from the Native Americans, which resulted to conflicts, but the royal government from England tried to intervene to eliminate conflicts. The presence of the royal government triggered more colonial resistance. The Puritan Revolution caused a reduction in the number of immigrants to the New England, and the trade between English traders and the Native America went down. The American Revolution was a blow to the British government and its economy, but good for the American people, who wanted to reclaim their land and freedom.
How did the American Revolution impact women, African-Americans, Native Americans, the rich, the poor and other groups in colonial society?
The patriots were determined to reject monarchy and authoritative government under the royal government of the King. Native women in colonized states spent their time tilling agricultural lands and caring for the family, but arrival of English colonists added a burden to their lives, as they could not cultivate enough food. They came to realize later that the colonizers were not leaving anytime soon. Most American men died in the war, forcing women to raise their children single-handedly. The process of harvesting tobacco was labor-intensive, and the plantation owners did not want to spend much on labor costs. African Americans became the easy target to work in tobacco plantations. Thus, the American Revolution was beneficial to African Americans, who were eagerly waiting for a declaration of their freedom.
Native Americans benefited from trading relations with the English traders. Although English traders sold goods to Indians, the cooperation between the Native Americans and the newcomers grew sour, as English settlers lost trust with the Indians. The Native Americans were hunters and farmers, but their livelihood was affected when the English settlers encroached their land. Their organized villages became scattered when plantation owners encroached their settlement. Powhatan were quite doubtful of the English people, as they did not like to be pushed to conform to English behaviors. When England was declared a Puritan republic, immigration went down, creating scarcity of English goods in America (“Colonial History_2” 13). This was a loss to both the rich and the poor Americans, who relied on the English goods for trade. The American Revolution was a blow to the rich slave owners, who feared that the slaves would be let free through rebellion. The poor immigrants benefited from indentured servitude, but the American Revolution interfered with their working conditions.
Molnar, Nicholas Trajano. “European Expansion across the Americas.” In Colonial History_1, Lecture Notes, Week 3.
Molnar, Nicholas Trajano. “European Expansion across the Americas.” In Colonial History_2, Lecture Notes, Week 3.