American History II
The Red Scare was caused by the Cold War that took place between the Soviet Union and the United States. This war later deepened in the late 1940s and early 1950s as frenzy over the threat caused by Communists in the United States. Communists were habitually mentioned as Reds for their loyalty to the red Soviet flag. The Red Scare resulted to a variety of activities that had a deep and lasting effect on United States administration and civilization. Pursued by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, government agencies, and secretive anti-communist assemblies, the Party consumed much of its dynamism and finances on legal security. Greatly compact in size and inspiration, abused by world happenings and the frenzy of American anti-communism, the Communist Party declined to quit, denied disappearing (Brinson, 2004).
As a result of the war, the nation had to instigate progressive ideals for controlling the war that began with looking for leaders to end the war. Additionally, the political environment was ready for restructuring, and a platform was established for the age of the Progressive Presidents, starting with Republican President Theodore Roosevelt. The proprietorship of organizations and the association between proprietors and employees, in addition to government’s responsibility in the association, were the important progressive ideals of the war. Employees were demanding better rights and safety, whereas organizations anticipated labor to continue being cheap and abundant. Inspired by this achievement and in quest for the first part of his Square Deal, Roosevelt inaugurated the attack of the large, dominant businesses. Certain beliefs were useful and legitimate, but many of these corporations involved in fraudulent and privileged business activities (Jividen, and Alvis, 2013). In the early ages of 1900s, there was slight directive of the food or drugs that were accessible to the community, prompting for customer protection. The final component of Roosevelt’s Square Deal was conservation, and Roosevelt was extensively referred as a sportsman, hunter, and outdoorsman, and he had a sincere love and esteem for nature. Nevertheless, several Americans of the time regarded the country’s natural assets as boundless (Jividen & Alvis, 2013).
Wilson had principally been elected to reorganize national policies and induce new progressive policies in Washington. Despite being in his first term in office, Wilson made the imperialist policy as the President to facilitate overseas policy instead of native. As a result, this boosted the relationship between the United States and the rest of the world. Wilson, nonetheless, left this imperialist policy and established in the White House an innovative way of considering America’s associations with the whole world. Even though he too believed that the United States was the most diplomatically liberal nation under God, he sensed that all personalities all over the world had the right to autonomy. He also realized that the people in all countries ought to have the right to select their own administrations. In the duration of a year of Wilson’s second inaugural ceremony, Europe warped into the most lethal war believable, and the other nations of the world soon ensued. In the end, it finally fell on Wilson to regulate America’s sequence of action, the conclusion of the Great War, and the new world order that would develop (Thompson, 2002).
Progressivism at its centrality is grounded in the knowledge of progress, going beyond the existing state of affairs to more different and just social circumstances in line with original American democratic core principles. These principles include liberty, egalitarianism, and the communal good (Ealy, and Ealy, 2006). Progressivism as an academic drive arose amid 1890 and 1920 as a reaction to the mass of glitches connected with the industrial development of the United States’ economy. It differs from earlier reform movements since it minimizes the occurrence of frequent economic recessions, political exploitation, rising paucity, low salaries, poor operational circumstances, residential living, child labor, deficiency of communal brokering power, insecure consumer goods, and the misappropriation of natural amenities.
Brinson, S. L. (2004). The Red Scare, politics, and the Federal Communications Commission, 1941-1960. Westport: Praeger.
Ealy, L. T., & Ealy, S. D. (2006). Progressivism and Philanthropy. The Good Society, 15, 35-42.
Griffith, R. (2000). Ordinary Americans: The Red Scare. The Journal of American History, 87, 1163-1164.
Jividen, J. R., & Alvis, J. D. (2013). Statesmanship and progressive reform: an assessment of Herbert Croly’s Abraham Lincoln. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Thompson, J. A. (2002). Woodrow Wilson. Londo