A two-terms prime minister of England (1940-1955), Winston Churchill (1874-1965), was one of the most respected and influential leaders. He grew up in Dublin and later proceeded to Harrow’s school before joining the military and fought in the famous Boer war for England. As an artist, a reputable historian, and an exemplary journalist (reporter), he became a leader during wartime because of his splendid orations at public gatherings and his aggressive policies on military stance and tactics. He was long and consistently spoke against the policies of communism as applied by most countries under the Soviet Union. On an invitation to tour the United States, Winston together with the United States president, Truman, received honorary doctorate and gave a speech .Winston’s famous Iron Curtain speech given at the Westminster College (Fulton, Missouri) initiated the beginning of the cold war between the West and the East.
Winston Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech
Churchill’s credible past as a prime minister of England created an almost automatic rapport with the audience at Westminster. He analogized England and America to kindred nations sharing similar government formations. He stressed on the importance of disengaging in physical fight, and in different occasions advised people to avoid situations that could lead to another war. He completely connected deeply with 40,000 audience, giving hope and encouragement they deeply desired. At the start of the speech, Winston first acknowledged the audience and stressed on how honorable it was to speak to them at the Westminster College. Winston explained to the audience his strong academic connection with the Westminster College. These explanations made him develop a good relation and strong connection with the audience,making sure that the audience paid complete attention and showed interest towards his speech.
The first main section of Winston’s speech concentrated on war, its effects, coping with the post war periods, and how war affected the relations between America and England. He described the painful aftermaths of war as ‘’…the un-estimated amount of human pain…’’. He explained his strong desire to prevent the occurrence of another world war and outlined his plan to develop stable relations between likeminded nations using the UNO (the United Nations Organization). The second part of Winston’s speech concentrated on tyranny. It was at this portion that he talked about the Iron Curtain and the potential risks and dangers laying ahead of it. He was precise in making it known that he only desired for the safety of the people but that tyranny placed this desire at peril. He vibrantly urged the audience to embrace democracy as a remedy to tyranny and advised them against the Communist countries that encouraged tyranny.
Churchill toiled hard in communicating his desires and opinions to the nations around the world. He knew that democracy alone was not enough to prevent the occurrence of another war and tyranny, ‘’ … Let us practice what we preach and vice versa…’’. All he was trying to communicate was his deeply rooted passion for lasting change and peace. According to Winton, the American and British Governments could achieve peace in the absence of tyrant rule and war. To prevent any major war catastrophe, he encouraged progressive innovation in science military and economic intervention above everything. He further explained the methods that could be used to achieve such goals. He stressed the importance of a combined military force and a safeguard of the atomic warfare knowledge to prevent the cold war.At this point in his speech, Winston started his discussion on the ‘’Iron Curtain’’ highlighting its merits and demerits. Churchill explained a possible scenario in case the communist nations continued to assert their authority and power in Europe. Winston reassured the audience that there could be a way forward apart from engaging in physical, and peace and stronger support to the United Nations could be the only way to prevent another war.
In describing Asia, he uses personification ‘’… a bigger portion of Asia looks at us in the eyes…’’, which gave Asia a great sense of dislike by humanity. He uses metaphors to refer to the military and walls used to stand strong and divide the world ‘’Iron Curtain’’. All these were to encourage a more united stand against the communist countries and to create a lasting peace.Churchill’s unending passion for respect of human rights is evident in his speech when he says “…we must never cease to proclaim in fearless tones the great principles of freedom and the rights of man which are the joint inheritance of the English-speaking world and which Magna Carta, the Bills of rights, the Corpus, trial by jury…’’
Churchill’s ‘’Iron Curtain’’ speech was first not considered of any importance and was not even talked much about, but quickly spread among English-speaking nations. Russia, however, dismissed Winston Churchill’s speech (Iron Curtain) saying it was a racist call against Russians, which effectively led to the mistrust and hatred between the West and the East hence the beginning of cold wars.