History Sample Paper on Civil rights in the United States

Civil rights events that have influenced a sense of social responsibility in the united states of America

The race riots and lynching that occurred in 1919 and the  14th amendments of the united states passed in 1868 are the civil rights event that we shall discuss (Donaldson & Preston,1995).

The first event took place on 1919, July where a black American person drowned in Lake Michigan after not observing the unofficial segregation of Chicago’s beaches and was in this manner mobbed up by a gathering of white men and was killed in the process (Donaldson & Preston,1995).  This event triggered a series of chaos and riots between the blacks and whites in Chicago. Marked the beginning of a growing willingness among African Americans to fight for their rights in the face of oppression and injustice. (Donaldson & Preston,1995).

Chicago Commission on Race investigated the cause of the riots and the methods to combat the riots. (Donaldson & Preston,1995).   The committee was constituted by the city officials, and the panel represented six African Americans and six white men.  They Settled on the main issues which included small housing options for blacks, competition for jobs, inconsistent law enforcement, and pervasive racial discrimination (Donaldson & Preston,1995).

This resolution made president Woodrow Wilson fault the whites publicly for being the perpetrators of racially related cases in most of the America. He, therefore acquainted endeavors with to cultivate national agreement, and from this, it can be derived that the 1919 event introduced efforts to foster racial harmony, including voluntary organizations and congressional legislation (Donaldson & Preston,1995).

The second civil rights movements were the 14th amendment passed in 1868 which defines citizenship and forbade all state from depriving citizens of their rights and privileges.

The 14th amendment to the Constitution was done on July 9, 1968, what’s more, conceded citizenship to all born and naturalized in the united states? Among the individuals who were given citizenship were the slaves who had as of late been liberated (Siebert, Peterson & Schramm,1956). The amendment additionally restricted the states from depriving off any individual of life, freedom, or property without following the law or denying any individual inside its ward the equivalent security of the laws (Siebert, Peterson & Schramm,1956).  From the delineation, it is clear that the amendment significantly expanded the protection of civil society rights to the American citizens at large (Siebert, Peterson & Schramm,1956).

Media events have influenced the public opinion of a government agency.

Countless historical events have aimed at government failures and success.  A particular media expansive angle on such an occasion can undoubtedly impact people in general’s view of the occasion (Schlesinger &Tumber, 1994).

One of the instances that can give a comprehensive concept is Ruby Ridge. This is the site of a standoff between the waver family and federal agents from U. S marshals FBI service and FBI- federal agents (Schlesinger &Tumber, 1994). The standoff was a s a result of the final arrest warrant against Randy’s family for making and being in possession of illegal weapons, but Randy resisted arrest (Schlesinger &Tumber, 1994). Over the ten days standoff, Randy’s wife, their young son, and a U.S marshal all lost their lives. This loss of lives of unarmed civilians influenced how the public had seen the law implementation organizations: as forceful and merciless in controlling the lives of the residents (Schlesinger &Tumber, 1994).

The second event that was extensively covered by the media is the response of FEMA -the Federal Emergency Management Agency- to the devastation in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina.

The media criticized FEMA by depicting their response as being slow in response. Michael Brown who was the director at that time defended FEMA that they had no authority to evacuate New Orleans (Graber & Dunaway, 2014).  According to Mr. Brown, the blame should be directed entirely to the city soldiers who delayed the evacuation despite some recommendations from others, including president bush being included (Graber & Dunaway, 2014).

The way the media covered the two events greatly influenced the attitude of the general, public toward the various government agencies.

The difference between the Democrats and the Republican parties on the ethical and morally right way to govern the united states of America.

The major difference between the two sides is in their moral and ethical take. (Graber & Dunaway, 2014).   The Democratic party is usually centered on equity, progressive and liberal while the Republicans are traditionalists and associated with equity and economic freedom. (Graber & Dunaway, 2014).   Since the two parties had opposing ideas, the parties clash on some fundamental issues. Ethically we shall discuss their takes on abortion and same-sex marriage. (Graber & Dunaway, 2014).

On abortion, the Republicans are mostly influenced by the tradition and religion believes, that is to say, they believe that it is the fundamental right of the unborn child to live. While the Democrats hold the opinion that women should be allowed to make their own decisions on whether the pregnancy should be terminated or not and that the government should not get involved (Graber & Dunaway, 2014).

The Democrats are of the opinion that they will reduce the number of unintended pregnancy by enhancing sexual education in schools as the increased awareness will significantly check on the number of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (McClosky, 1964 )

Same sex marriage is another difference in morality between the Democrats and the Republicans. Republicans are majorly conservatives as such they do not agree with same sex marriage. They are of the opinion that only people of different sex should marry. The Republicans also maintain that same sex couple should not be given the right to adopt children (McClosky, 1964).

The prevailing view on gay marriage is that all couple ought to be treated equally under the law. The Democrats subscribe to the logic that same sex marriages must have all the benefits as the heterosexuals and as such the same sex marriage should be legalized. However, the Democratic party supports the rights of individual states to legalize or not to legalize gay (McClosky, 1964).

The dispute about the democrats and the republicans have massively evolved around the defense of marriage act. For instance, in 2012 the Republicans spoke against the Democrat’s absolute disregard for the defense of the marriage law (McClosky, 1964). Despite the fact that the president explained that he would enforce the marriage law, the Republican still considers it as a disregard for failing to defend the law in court earlier before it was repealed or ruled as being unconstitutional (McClosky, 1964).


Donaldson, T., & Preston, L. E. (1995). The stakeholder theory of the corporation: Concepts,       evidence, and implications. Academy of management Review, 20(1), 65-91.

Graber, D. A., & Dunaway, J. (2014). Mass media and American politics. Cq Press

McClosky, H. (1964). Consensus and ideology in American politics. American Political     Science Review, 58(2), 361-382.

Schlesinger, P., &Tumber, H. (1994). Reporting crime: The media politics of criminal justice.        Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Siebert, F. S., Peterson, T., & Schramm, W. (1956). Four theories of the press: The authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and Soviet communist concepts of what the press should be and do. University of Illinois Press.