Sample Research Paper on West Nile Virus

West Nile virus is one of the main causes of fever in human, but some never develop any signs while under the virus attack. The virus has no vaccines and treatment. A recent epidemiology study indicates only one case that reported in Maryland. However, previously over forty cases have been reported. The virus is transmitted by the mosquitoes, through the group of viruses known as flaviviruses (Politis et al., 2016).

The mode of transmission of WNV is through a mosquito bite. If the mosquito that has bit an infected animal or person bites another person, then the infection is passed on to the individual. The mosquitoes are the primary transmitors of the disease. The most appropriate epidemiological study is descriptive that would aid in exploring more about the WNV and educating the masses. The approach would enable the description of the variables related to the virus transmission and possible methods of preventing the virus (Lindsey et al., 2010). There is a need to avoid the disease since it has no vaccine or treatment thus the appropriateness of carrying out further descriptive studies.

The outbreak of the disease is crucial to my community since it raised levels of activeness  in the prevention measures of the illness and subsequently preventing other diseases that would be transmitted  by the mosquitoes. The participation of the state community in the creation of the awareness of the disease is equally significant in the eradication of WNV. The communities severely hit by the epidemiology of this virus could educate the public on the disease prevention, and its side effects that would be felt. The major role of these communities would be to create awareness of the environmental control factors to reduce further breeding of the mosquitoes (Kolimenakis et al., 2016). Communities could combat the spread of the disease by eradicating the mosquito breeding grounds through drainage of stagnant water around the residential areas. Avoiding areas with a lot of mosquitoes and always sleeping under treated mosquito nets would also help. Another measure would involve emptying of corrugated drain pipes.

The side effects caused by the disease to families are both social and detrimental. The disease causes panic among the affected members of the family. The person infected with the virus develops dementia and paralysis (Duong & Mishra, 2016). If severe symptoms of the virus occur on a family member, it could cause loneliness. That is the reason why most agencies have joint hands to prevent WNV and save people from its side effects. The agencies include the centre for disease control, Maryland public health among others.

After my study on the disease, I am in full awareness of its transmission, prevention, and its symptoms. Therefore I will be proactive in the prevention of the disease by educating people on social media and my close friends. Awareness needs to be upheld to overcome this epidemiology to have a West Nile virus free population.




Duong, N., & Mishra, A. (2016). Parkinsonian Symptoms with Fever. Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience.

Kolimenakis, A., Bithas, K., Richardson, C., Latinopoulos, D., Baka, A., Vakali, A., … & Michaelakis, A. (2016). Economic appraisal of the public control and prevention strategy against the 2010 West Nile Virus outbreak in Central Macedonia, Greece. Public health131, 63-70.

Lindsey, N. P., Staples, J. E., Lehman, J. A., & Fischer, M. (2010). Surveillance for human west nile virus disease—United states, 1999–2008. MMWR Surveill Summ59(2), 1-17.

Politis, C., Parara, M., Kremastinou, J., Hasapopoulou, E., Iniotaki, A., Siorenta, A., … & Katsarou, O. (2016). Associations of ABO, D, and Lewis blood groups and HLA Class I and Class II alleles with West Nile virus Lineage 2 disease outcome in Greece, 2010 to 2013. Transfusion.