Sample Research Paper on Health Issues

There have been recent instances in medical conditions that have occurred due to some factors. These have led to the emergence of diseases, such as obesity and cancer.


Obesity is a common disorder in the United States, with close to 73 million people being obese. It is has been established that various states have different levels of cases of obesity, with an approximated 30% of individuals being obese. On the other side, mortality levels of obesity are known to increase in instances where a person’s weight corresponding to the BMI increases past unacceptable levels.

Year:            Morbidity levels:

2008             26.3%

2011             27.5%

2014             29.4%

Data based on “United States Obesity”

Year:             Mortality levels:

2014              111,909

The current levels of morbidity and mortality have impact on individuals, families, communities and the United States as a whole. This disease always weighs down on individuals, since it leads to other diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, especially in individuals who are above a normal range. The disease also affects negatively on an individual’s productivity, since it is associated with an increase in weight due to excess fat, hence reducing movement of individuals reducing their productivity. While it weighs down on individuals, it has negative impact on families of the patients having obesity, with most family members tend to suffer from mental depression, psychological torture as well as financial costs that are incurred because of treating the condition.

While the disease affects members of a community, it also tends to increase premature mortality within the community, since many people succumb to illnesses that are directly attributed to obesity. Obesity is a great problem in the United States, with the country spending more on health insurance costs, used in treating obesity-induced illnesses. This negatively impacts on the economic status of the country since the funds that are allocated to the healthcare system would otherwise been used in developing the economy of the United States.

 Role of an individual’s genetics:

Genetic changes in an individual my lead to obesity, especially when there are factors in an individual’s gene that influence certain lifestyles that tend to incline a person’s attitude towards some given foods. On the other hand, there are also tendencies that family history could lead to obesity, especially when past members of the family had the same condition.

Role of an individual’s environment:

An individual’s environment plays a lot in regard to obesity. The environmental setting could also lead to obesity, especially when the physical place does not give room for physical activity (Causes and Consequences, 2012). Environments that are well served by lifts, with no footpaths and sidewalk are likely to reduce a person’s access to physical activity, hence leading to obesity.

Role of an individual’s health care access:

Access to healthcare is an important attribute in obesity. However, access to poor medical advice can also lead to obesity, especially when individuals are put on steroids and other drugs that help people to gain weight. Hence, healthcare may also lead to weight gain, especially when medication given increases weight in patients.

Role of an individual’s personal behavior

An individual may also contribute to his/her obesity, especially when the person in influenced by poor diet. This is because diets may also lead to risky lifestyles especially fast foods which lead to high fats accumulation.


Cancer is a common disease occurring in the United States, with various types of cancers such as breast, cervical and prostate cancer being prone to the human population.

Year 2012   Morbidity levels 14 million

Year 2012   Mortality levels 8.2 million

N/B The figures are per the total United States population

The morbidity level of cancer tends to affect the society in various dimensions. This may also negatively affect the community, especially when medical establishments are constrained due to high number of booked cancer patients in such facilities, as such may burden the community by overburdening the medical establishments in place. On the other hand, the likelihood of cancer occurring in the population may also be high in the population, especially when family history plays an important part within the community. Apart from this, cancer tends to affect people, in that they are likely to discontinue working since they would not be able to cope with productive work, as well as attending medical care, especially in instances where the affected person has to visit hospital for surgery or chemotherapy (How Cancer Affects People).

It is also likely to affect the family finances; especially where the family income is channeled towards medical bills, as well as ensuring given diet is given to the patient.

Medical care is a great factor in the United States, with the country also being the 7th in place, with the number of people with cancer. This results to higher treatments costs, with cancer treatment drugs reaching a staggering $10,000 per month (Report: Cancer will be No. 1 Killer in US), with the cost likely to reach $100,000 per drug in the next 20 years. This will likely strain the healthcare system in the United States, especially because the healthcare system highly depends on the insurance, with most subsidized costs being footed by the government. Hence, the rise in cancer treatment would result in a constrained healthcare system due to budgetary allocations, due to inadequate funding and depletion of the country’s financial reserves.

Role of an individual’s genetics

The likelihood of cancer affecting an individual is highly linked to genes within the family line. This is because there are cancer types that run in the family, hence predispose an individual to that type of cancer.

Role of an individual’s environment

An individual’s environment predisposes one to specific cancer types. In highly industrialized areas, individuals are likely to acquire throat or liver cancer due to exposure to dangerous toxins.

Role of an individual’s health care access

Access to healthcare can also influence certain types of cancers, especially when a healthcare provider misdiagnoses a particular symptom. On the other hand, other types of drugs may alter the genetic composition hence leading to cancer.

 Role of an individual’s personal behavior

An individual’s behavior also leads to the emergence of certain types of cancers. This is especially common in cervical cancer, especially where there are risky sexual patterns leading to an individual contracting human papillomavirus, which may lead to cervical cancer.

The epidemiological sector is currently doing enough to unearth various elements that lead to obesity. It also provides a platform that educates the communities on various risk factors, predisposing factors as well as a proper healthy lifestyle that can prevent such obesity. The current studies that have been brought forward tend to be enough due to an in-depth analysis of medical microbiology, analyzing various elements including genetics in order to educate people. Therefore, people have been educated to higher levels towards the disease, and its prevention ought to be at a personal level.

Causes and Consequences. (2012, April 27).

How cancer affects people. (n.d.).

Obesity. (n.d.)