Sample Essay on Phase III


unhealthy behavior: eating fast foods
Group members: five family members
  • Baseline data: my family members have the tendency of skipping meals and opting to take fast food for the replacement of heavy meals. My sister is the most affected because she can go for a week without having a heavy meal.
  • My father also takes fast food when the rest of the family is absent because he feels preparing meals is a tedious task.
  • My little brother also has the same problem because he enjoys taking fast food and dislikes heavy meals while the rest of the family is lazy to prepare meals.
  • Phase III goal
  • The goal will be applied to the entire family as a group instead of singling out individuals. Therefore, the family should take at least two heavy meals a day for the next two weeks.
  • My father and mother claim that their working time deters them from taking heavy meals during the lunch hour; therefore, they should be carrying food from the house for at least two days a week.
  • Theory
  • Phase II of this project clearly defines that the Health Belief Model (HBM) is an approach that aims at explaining an individual understanding of his or her health aspects. This concept delineates that an individual has the liberty to understand and predict health behaviors. This model makes a person capable of knowing his health behaviors and the recommended actions. It seems my family understands the effects of fast food but they have not contemplated the actual outcome.Therefore, this model will help them predict the outcome by understanding the barriers and benefits of the exercise and convince them to change their behavior.
  • Strategies
  • The entire family as a group
  1. Strategy 1: perceived susceptibility
  • Perceived susceptibility is the opinion held by an individual regarding the chances of acquiring a condition.
  • This strategy involves enquiring each family member of their chances of contracting fast food-related diseases such as obesity and diabetes. This will personalize their risks based on their knowledge of their current behavior
  • The strategy is important in setting the family member’s mind regarding the process of behavioral change. Therefore, this stage involves inquiring from the group members of their knowledge about fast food effects and their take on changing the behavior.
  1. Strategy 2: starting the action plan
  • The aim is to take at least two heavy meals a day with the family; therefore, the first step is to make sure the entire family takes dinner together. I will personally prepare supper for the entire family each evening.
  • The remnants of each evening day’s meals will be carried to work or school by the family members.
  1. Strategy 3: cues to action
  • The health belief model progresses by identifying the strategies involved in promoting awareness and causing change to the perceived behavior
  • It will involve developing a timetable that delegates each day’s meal and the person responsible to prepare it. This will enable the family members to develop the behavior of taking heavy meals.
  • Each member should update the timetable on the reminder application on their phone.
  1. Strategy 4: perceived benefits
  • This entails the member’s belief in the efficacy of the advised action to reduce the risk
  • It will involve getting feedback from the members on whether they feel the effect of the approach
  • This strategy also documents the perceived barriers to achieving the end results and overcoming them.
  1. Self-efficacy
  • The last step is to enhance a schedule that the family members will follow in regards to their meals. This involves the intrinsic feel to take two heavy meals a day without external conviction.