Sample Essay on MRI and CT Scan

This topic is essential as it highlights the benefits of technological developments in the medical field. Through the topic, it is clear that most of the health problems for babies can be detected early and solved before they are born. Abnormalities, which could not be detected previously, can be seen on the magnetic resonance imaging. The study further highlights the design and the various applications of the imaging technique. Emphasis is further made on the effectiveness, safety, and quality of the images. This study, in addition, highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the imaging technology. This is helpful in understanding the best options available.

From previous research, applications of the MRI and the CT scan have been found to be important in dealing with hereditary heart diseases (Chan & Hanneman, 2015). However, the applications in dealing with complications of cardiovascular in babies were yet developed. Because of the size and condition of newborn babies, special care is accorded to them when they are to be managed through these devices. CTA and MRI are mainly essential for the supplement of information in anatomical regions, which have previously been inaccessible by echocardiography. Hence, they feature the three-dimensional anatomical associations of the cardiovascular problems. Complicated abnormalities such as pulmonary artery stenoses, anomalous coronary arteries in the aorta of the one-month old babies are only diagnosed and managed through the MRI (Chan & Hanneman, 2015).

Extra care needs to be exercised when dealing with newborn babies who must undergo the CT-scan and the MRI (Chan & Hanneman, 2015). X-rays are used when examining interior structures. The predisposition to cancer is related to this technique. Ionizing radiation often disrupts genes, which control cell divisions. This is critical to the young children as the babies’ somatic development expose them to more radiation damage. In comparison to adults, neonates are expected to express cancer after a long time after exposure to radiation. MRI and CT scan strengths are in the analysis of the vascular structures instead of intracardiac anatomy. Among the pulmonary valve defects, TOF is the most prevalent cyanotic congenital heart defect. Misaligned VSD mostly distinguishes it.

Reference

Chan, P. F. & Hanneman, K. Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Neonates with Congenital Cardiovascular Disease: Embroyology. 2015. 136. Pages 146-160