Sample Essay on Report on Demographic, Social, Economic and Transport Difference between Halifax and Vancouver

Introduction

Vancouver city in Canada is one of the most vibrant seaport cities on the west coast of the British Columbia. This city is beautifully surrounded by geologically features and for this reason, so many local tourist visit the city. The city is greatly unique such that it is highly populated and exhibit great ethnical diversity among its inhabitants. Halifax on the other hand occurs in the eastern Canada.  Halifax is an Oceanic port and serves the purpose of being the Provincial Capital of Nova Scotia. This town is also a metropolitan town and serves the purpose of being the major economic center of the Atlantic region of the Canada. The city of Halifax has always appeared in the list of Americas most prominent current and future cities. For anyone willing to travel to Canada, Halifax always the first choice destination This report compares the City of Halifax and Vancouver with regards to differences in demography, economy, social lifestyles and infrastructural development.

Demographical Differences

In the year 2011, according to the geographic census conducted, Halifax recorded a population of 390,328 persons. This was approximated to be roughly 4.7% increment in total population from the previous census conducted in the year 2006. The outcome of the 2011 census showed that the population density of Halifax town was about 71.0 persons in every square kilometer. The growth of the city is in line with the world’s population growth which is estimated to be approximately 5.7%. About 51,105 people were aboriginals aged 65 years and above. This would translate to 13% of the population being aged 65 years or more. The cohort of age between 0 to 24 years were approximately 114,750 persons. This would mean therefore that, 29.4% of the people in Halifax are 24 years or less.

On the other hand, in the year 2011 Vancouver had a population of 2,313,328, approximately 2 million more than the population of Halifax. The population increment from the year 2006 was about 9% since in 2006, the city had 2.1 million inhabitants. Given the Vancouver to occupy an area of 8,965,121.42 Km2, the city had a population density of249.58 individuals per square kilometer. Just like the population of Halifax, the individuals’ population aged 65 and above was about 13.5%. In that same year the population of this persons in Canada was 14.8 %. Its young population during the 2011 was 658,720 young people aged 24 years and below. This translate to about 28.5 percent of the total population. The population of aboriginals is about 20.1 percent in  Canada.The table below shows the population of various Cohorts in Vancouver in 2011

Cohort Vancouver Halifax
0 to 4 years

5 to 9 years

10 to 14 years

15 to 19 years

20 to 24 years

25 to 29 years

30 to 34 years

35 to 39 years

40 to 44 years

45 to 49 years

50 to 54 years

55 to 59 years

60 to 64 years

65 to 69 years

70 to 74 years

75 to 79 years

80 to 84 years

85 years and over

24,770

22,400

24,175

29,095

44,285

59,465

53,335

47,230

48,640

49,195

44,105

39,500

35,365

22,845

18,800

15,870

12,305

12,110

19,960

19,155

20,485

23,865

31,230

28,405

25,930

26,490

27,810

33,095

31,555

27,185

23,900

16,785

11,840

9,125

6,620

6,655

 

Economics

The unemployment rate in Vancouver ranges at about 5.6 to 6.4%. The rate of unemployment rose sharply for the period between 2006 and 2009 the stood at about 5.6% and has been constantly rising slightly from this rate. On the contrary, Halifax had its unemployment rate ranging from 5.7% to 6.8% in the year 2011. The number of unemployed persons was about 26,550 in 2011.

26550 / 390328 * 100% = 6.8% for Halifax

The highest percentage of the unemployed is believed to comprise of the young generation. According to the North American Industry Classification System the top three industries by employment are as follows: Agricultural, forestry and fishing industry; mining industry; and finally the construction industry.

Social

According to the 2011, the total population of persons in Halifax who were Canadian citizens was384,335. Among these people about 70,565 were under the age of the minority while the rest were 18 years or more. The non-Canadian citizens were approximated to be about 15,170 individuals. Some of the immigrants were in private dwellings while others took refuge in public housing. The immigrants entered Halifax at different ages as shown in the table below:

Mobility

Total – Mobility status 1 year ago                   380,445           184,280           196,165

Non-movers                326,575           157,915           168,660

Movers                                                          53,875               26,365             27,505

Non-migrants              37,980             18,445             19,535

Migrants                      15,895             7,925   7,970

Internal migrants                     12,290             6,025   6,260

Intraprovincial migrants                      4,405   2,170   2,230

Interprovincial migrants                      7,885   3,855   4,025

External migrants                    3,610   1,895   1,710

Total – Mobility status 5 years ago      364,410           175,920           188,485

Non-movers    217,370           104,335           113,035

Movers            147,035           71,585             75,450

Non-migrants 93,000             44,750             48,245

Migrants          54,040             26,835             27,205

Internal migrants         41,720             20,480             21,240

Intraprovincial migrants          14,100             6,965   7,140

Interprovincial migrants          27,615             13,510             14,105

External migrants        12,315             6,355   5,960

 

From this data, the largest immigration cohort is in the age bracket of 25 to 44. These are basically persons who are seeking employment. Most of these people migrate with their children while others their wives thus the high population of children.

Transport in Halifax and Vancouver

Trains and subways do not exist in Halifax. However, anyone planning to commute has several options to choose from. These options include the ferry, the bus, drive on a cab or use of bicycles. Whichever method of transport chosen depends on the geographical location of the commuter. Using bus is a bit slower because of traffic that occurs sometimes. The duration of commuting with the time of the day and ranges between 30 to 45 minutes. Despite the challenge of less parking space, approximately 74% of persons in Halifax use private vehicles. 12.0% of the individuals in this city use public transit while 8.5 of individuals commuted to work daily In Vancouver however, up to 19.7% of the people used public transit

 

Conclusion

The two cities in Canada contrast so much in terms of their demography, socio-economic aspects and transportation amenities. Vancouver, for example, has a larger population as compared to Halifax. The population of Halifax is observed to comprise of larger percentage of immigrants. Vancouver city in Canada is one of the most vibrant seaport cities on the west coast of the British Columbia. This city is beautifully surrounded by geologically features and for this reason, so many local tourist visit the city. In the year 2011, according to the geographic census conducted, Halifax recorded a population of 390,328 persons. This was approximated to be roughly 4.7% increment in total population from the previous census conducted in the year 2006. The immigrants flock this city majorly because it borders the ocean and therefore it is easier for them to enter into the city. The unemployment rate in Vancouver ranges at about 5.6 to 6.4%. The rate of unemployment rose sharply for the period between 2006 and 2009 the stood at about 5.6% and has been constantly rising slightly from this rate. I recommend the city of Vancouver to be the most appropriate due to its high population and almost same rates of unemployment as Halifax. According to the 2011, the total population of persons in Halifax who were Canadian citizens was384,335. Among these people about 70,565 were under the age of the minority while the rest were 18 years or more. Trains and subways do not exist in Halifax. However, anyone planning to commute has several options to choose from. These options include the ferry, the bus, drive on a cab or use of bicycles. Halifax is also of greater significance because of the immense diversity it experiences in terms of ethnic diversity. This shows that it would be able to absorb anyone from any culture or part of the world. Most of the immigrants are found to speak English as their mother tongue fewer communication barriers exist.