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Sample Essay on Daylight Saving Time

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Sample Essay on Daylight Saving Time
Daylight Saving Time (DST) refers to the act of setting clocks one hour ahead ofthe standard time during the months of summer, and back again in the fall to make good use of natural daylight. Benjamin Franklin came up with an idea of daylight saving in 1784 (Mikkelson 1). In 1895, Hudson suggested the idea of a two-hour shift forward and back in October and March respectively to wellington philosophical society. Even though most people developed an interest in the idea, it was not implemented. In 1905, William Willet proposed that clocks were to be set 20 minutes ahead on all Sundays in April, and be switched back by a similar amount on all Sundays in the month of April, totaling to eight times switch annually.
Robert Pearce became interested in Willet’s Daylight Saving Plan and tabledthe billto the House of Commons in 1908.In 1909, the first Daylight Sunlight Time was drafted and forwarded to parliament on various occasions and studied by a chosen committee (Webexhibits.org 1). However, most individuals were against the bill, more so farmers and as a result, it was not implemented. In 1915, Willet passed on before the United Kingdom began using DST in 1916.
In 1918, DST was implemented in the United States by President Woodrow Wilson to support the war attempt during the First World War. The idea was supported by Robert Garland who had heard of the idea in the United Kingdom. Presently, he is referred to as “Father of Daylight Saving”. After seven months, the change in seasonal time was revoked. Conversely, some cities like Boston, Pittsburgh, and New York used it until DST was instituted year-round by President Franklin Roosevelt in the United States in 1942.
Year-round DST was also used during the Second World War between 1942 and 1945 in Canada and the United States. During this period, the time zones for the United States were known as “Eastern War Time”, “Mountain War Time”, “Central War Time”, and “Pacific War Time” (Mikkelson 1). After Japan surrendered in mid-August 1945, the time zones were renamed “Peace Time”. During the Second World War, the United Kingdom used “Double Summer Time” by setting two hours and one hour ahead during summer and winter respectively (Webexhibits.org 1).
There were no similar rules for DST in the United States between 1945 and 1966, and this led to pervasive confusion more so for buses, trains, and broadcasting industry. Consequently, the Congress formed a Uniform Time Act in 1966. It specified that DST would starton the last Sunday of April and end on the last Sunday of October. Nevertheless, states had the capability of excepting from DST by passing a state ordinance.
The end of energy crunch in 1976 marked the beginning of the revision of DST schedule in the United States. The present schedule was applied in 2007 and it adhered to the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Presently, DST starts on the second Sunday in March and ends on the first Sunday in November (Mikkelson 1).
Presently, Daylight is used in more than 70 nations globally and affects beyond a billion people annually. There is a disparity in the commencement and ending time from one country to the other. In 1996, the European Union standardized DST schedule, which is the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Mikkelson, David. “The Origins of Daylight Saving Time”. Snopes. N.p., 2016. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.

Webexhibits.org. “History & Info – Daylight Saving Time, Early Adoption, U.S. Law”. Webexhibits.org. N.p., 2016. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.

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