Minnesota’s Local Cultural Geography
Minnesota is a region within the United States which border Canada to the North and lowa to the south. Culturally, the state harbors diverse cultures from its multiethnic inhabitants that include the European, African Americans, Indian Americans, and the Native Americans. Minnesota region is subdivided into several regions whose inhabitants differ in terms f their cultural and economic practices. Its population varies from four persons per square meter in the undeveloped parts and 7000 people in the densely populated zones. Ethnicity in Minnesota State is attributed to its diverse ethnic and racial groups. According to the 2009 census survey, 91% of the total population comprised of the whites, 3.2% African Americans, 2.7% Asians, 1.2 Native Americans while the rest comprised of other minority racial groups (Ralph, 2003). In the early 20th century, the British populations were the majority. Since 1921, other ethnic groups especially in urban areas have displaced their population.
According to the State National Statistics, the spread of these ethnic groups is linked to their origin .The Majority of the African- Americans population live in exclusively in urban areas, with poor housing and sanitary conditions. An estimated 30% of African –American population lives in the populous cities of Manitoba (Duncan, Nuala, & Johnson, 2008). Relatively, the Asian population is approximately 130,000, who are concentrated in the urban zones, but are more geographically distributed in comparison with the African counterparts. Many of these Asian populations are recent immigrants to the state while the others are Native American citizens. The Hispanic residents are concentrated in both the urban centers and the rural areas. At least 66.8% of this population lives in the state’s largest counties. Contrary, the Native American counterparts live in the rural counties. Demographically, their population exceeds the statewide share of 1.2% in 21 counties.
Disparities in ethnic composition of Minnesota’s population have led to racial discrimination. In the 20th century, the African-American immigrants and the Asians were subjected to mistreatments including slavery. In an attempt to eradicate the evil, The United States government passed anti-discriminatory laws that illegalize all forms of racial discrimination (Sharpe, 2003). For instance, in the mid-20th century, the Government signed treaties with the Indian tribes, to recognize their tribal independence and identity. Following the events of the World War 1, USA federal government passed legislations to enhance the freedoms of all ethnicities including Minnesota. Ethnic composition and lifestyle in Minnesota is of concern to the United States National government. The existence of ethnic disparities relates to social and economic livelihoods of the populations (Anderson, 2003). Different ethnicities are linked to varying social and economic conditions. In policies implementation, the United States Government considers the impact based on ethnic demographics. In Minnesota, the areas populated by the African-Americans and Asians have higher poverty indexes as compared to those of the whites.
To enhance equitable distribution of the National resource such as health facilities, the federal government considers these ethnic demographics. Characteristics such as race, age, geographic location and mental health can influence the health and living conditions of people. Similarly, ethnicity issues affect the National legislation (John, Frazier., & Tettey, 2012). The Federal government considers law enforcement strategies with reference to its states ethnic composition. For example, in Minnesota, the state assumes full responsibility to criminal jurisdiction but limited in application to Indian populated counties.
In conclusion Minnesota is a multiethnic society with diverge racial groups. These include the African immigrants, the whites, Indians and the Native Americans. This multiethnic composition has influenced its culture, lifestyle and population settlement patterns. The growth in ethnic disparities has been linked to different racial groups. The issue of ethnicity is of concern to the United States National government especially in the provision of services like health and legislation.
Anderson, K. (2003). Handbook of cultural geography and ethnic demographics in the 20th century. London: Cengage Learning.
Duncan, J., Nuala, C., & Johnson, H. (2008). A companion to cultural geography. New York: John Wiley & Sons publishers.
John, W., Frazier, E.,& Tettey, F.(2012).Race, ethnicity, and place in a changing America.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ralph, B. (2003).The cultural geography of colonial American literatures: empire, travel, modernity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Sharpe, M. (2003). Constructing race and ethnicity in America: category making in public policy and administration. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.