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Sample Research Paper on Australia

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Sample Research Paper on Australia

The population in Australia is growing at 1,000 persons each single day. This is due to the births which outdo deaths and a 14% increase in migration. The world population statistics show that the mortality rate is at one death at very three to thirty two seconds with immigrants arriving every two minutes to nineteen seconds. The government allowed skilled immigrants into the country due to the growth of an ageing population alongside lower level in the young Germany population.

The outcome of 2011 census in June 2012, the inhabitants of Australia were ranked 21,727,158. However, by March 2014, the inhabitants of Australia summed up to 23,344,735. According to these figures, the population of the nation accounts for 0.33% of the world’s total population being ranked 51st highest in the whole world. Since the last census, the population of the country has risen by about 1.9 million people. The general populace density is 2.9 citizens for each square kilometer thus ranked among the less densely populated nations in the world. Some regions in Australia are still less thickly occupied. Some regions like the Northern territory have the populace density of 0.2 citizens per square kilometer.

There five metropolitans in the nation having the populace of higher than a million inhabitants. As of the 2011 census report, Sydney had a population of 4,391,674 people. This represented an addition of 6.6% in five years from the previous census. The Melbourne city being the second largest after Sydney had a population of 3,999, 982 people. The growth rate is said to be higher than that of Sydney. Some projections forecast it to be the largest city in Australia in 25 years time. The Brisbane city being the capital for Queensland nation had a populace of 2,065,996 by the 2011 census. The growth rate was put at 11.5% in the 5 years time. The Western Australia capital Perth registered a population of 1,728,867 in 2011. The growth rate of 14.3% evaluated to the prior census. The Adelaide city had 1,225,235 people in 2011. This represents 5.9% growth rates.

Australia is one of the spheres with utmost literacy levels. According to literacy survey done in 2003, the populations of Australia 15 years old and above who can read and write were at 99%. The literacy level is equally distributed between the two population genders, that men and women.

The age structure as per 2013 was as shown below:

Age structure
0-14 years: 18.1% (male 2,061,973/female 1,957,558) 
15-24 years: 13.4% (male 1,531,325/female 1,453,940) 
25-54 years: 42% (male 4,748,667/female 4,598,259) 
55-64 years: 11.8% (male 1,308,660/female 1,326,220) 
65 years and over: 14.7% (male 1,509,460/female 1,766,439)

The median age for the Australian population as per 2013 was 37.3 years for male while 38.8 years for female population.

By the December 2012, the number of people diagnosed with HIV in Australia were 34, 029 since the first case was reported in 1982. More than 25, 700 people in Australia were living with HIV/AIDS by the year 2012 with the urban population standing at 20264893.10 as reported by the World Bank in 2012.

Kenya

Kenya is characterized by a rapid increase in population growth and rapid urbanization, coupled by increasing urban poverty, water scarcity, failing food production and a resilient climate. Fenglero cited that Kenyan population has doubled from the past twenty-five years leading to its increase to about 40 million people. UN projections indicate that the population growth is set to around 1 million per year over the subsequent 40 years and therefore, by 2050, the population will be at 85 million. This UN worked on a projection of 3,000 births every day. This demographics and geographic transformations in Kenya will play a very vital role in determining Kenya’s stability which remains fragile especially after the Post-election violent witnessed in the year 2008. A close look of the population growth appears to be very steady with the drive for high number of children before the millennium leading to several –fold increases in the adult population groups which will in turn lead to the doubling of the population although their birth are sharply decreasing. Kenya is at the start of demographic transformation has the World Bank report put it which portrays that Kenya will likely benefit from a growth dividend. As the fertility levels declines, Kenyans will live longer, thus implication the dependency level as the proportion of the working class will grow higher than the number of the old and young groups.

A report released by the Kenya population situation analysis showed that Kenya recognizes education as a basic right of every citizen as stipulated in Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The government is committed in offering quality education and training as a human right. This reflected by the government in budgetary allocation every year and expansion of education facilities. This has led to increase in the performance of schools.

HIV/AIDS is one of the biggest social and health challenges the Kenyan people are facing today. A report by the Kenya Population Situation Analysis showed a decline of the people living with HIV/AIDS from 27% to 14.9%  between 2007 to 2011  as a result of increased accessibility to ARV treatment and a decline in mother to child transmission  as 69 % of the expectant mother received ARV prophylaxis in 2011 (108).

According to a WHO April 2011 data, the life expectancy in Kenya is 58.1 for males and 61.4 for females with a total of 59.7 life expectancy. However, the situation improved in 2012 to 61.12 years with women rating at 62.95 and 59.31 years. In 2011, the World Bank recorded that the urban population in Kenya was at 10080053.43.

Malaysia

The department Malaysia statistics released a report that the total population in Malaysia that stood at 23.3million was 28.3 million in 2010 (n.p).this rate was lower rate as compared to the previous years. The population in Malaysia is on the declines due to delayed marriages as people pursue higher education and career advancement.

Primary and lower secondary enrolment in Malaysia is near to universal with e recent increases in pre-primary education. However, a lot needs to be done in improving incentives and recruitment of teachers and parent involvement and accountability in delivering quality education.

The HIV/AIDS virus is concentrated among persons injecting drugs, female sex commercialist, and transgender population. The persons living with HIV as of 2011 was 81,000 with new cases of 3,479 reported the same year and 3, 652 cases reported in 2010 as cited by the UNICEF. However, the government provides access to affordable clinical care in the public health system by availing free antiretroviral treatment (ARV) treatment to those who need it.

Life Expectancy as published by WHO in 2011 is male 71.7 with female 76.4 and total life expectancy is 73.9 which Malaysia a world Life expectancy ranking 77 but increased to in 2012 to 74.84 years.

Germany

The German population is shrinking after census indicated that the country had lost 1.5 million citizens as put by the New York Times (n.p). Worse still, the population is predicated to further shrink by around 29% to a 66 million people. The census conducted in 2011 showed the population of Germany to be 80, 219,695 making it the 16th most populated country in Europe and in 2013, the population was 82, 696, 067.

Literacy rate age structure/ age breakdown

According to the World Bank, all the percentage of adults aged 15 years and above has the ability read and write short and simple statement in their daily life. This population was also able to make simple arithmetic calculations. The government has expenditures incurred in educational facilities both for public and private institutions as the all the population enrolls in primary education.

Having the Germany country is committed to prevention of the HIV virus, the countries HIV incidence was among the lowest in Europe. In 2011, the population living with HIV/AIDS was 73,000: that adult prevalence was 0.1% with 11,000 women living with AIDS and more than 500 deaths reported (Avert n.p).

The life anticipation at delivery in Germany is over 81 years with women at 83 years and men expected to live for 78 years. However, the low income groups in Germany have an average life expectancy and an increasing tendency of those low-income groups working beyond 60 years. The World Bank records placed the Malaysia urban population at 72.20% in 2010 with the urban population measuring at 60658915.56 in 2012 according to the World Bank.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Fengler Wolfgang. Demographic transition and growth in Kenya. The World Bank. APRIL 28, 2010. Web. 29 APRIL, 2014.

The source of Malaysia official statistics. Department of statistics Malaysia, official portal. 29 February, 2014. Web. 29, April, 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

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