Sample Paper on European Countries Should Pay Reparations

Many present-day Sub-Saharan African nations are in dilapidated states several years after attaining independence from their European colonials. Although there are opposing schools of thought, it is important if the European pay reparations to the present-day sub-Saharan African nations that they colonized. Many reasons support this argument.

The developed and well-established European nations used colonization to exert massive power over the underdeveloped African countries in sub-Saharan African. The domination practice led to great subjugation of one people to another. The colonial powers used subjugation to control sub-Saharan African states both politically and economically aspects. It is apparently evident that the colonial powers unashamedly exploited the dependent territories in sub-Saharan nations. These territories were exploited in terms of both economic opportunities and human rights for the people living there.

Colonial powers in sub-Saharan African nations chose to disguise their motives in the form of a civilizing mission. Truly, nothing civilizing but greed was the core of their motives. Instead of being fair and just, European colonial powers believed in their own racial, national, as well as cultural superiority. This led to immeasurable discrimination against the native Africans in these territories. This superiority meant that the values and cultures of African colonies were eventually damaged and abused by the European colonial powers. The colonial powers from Europe did not hesitate when it comes to exploiting the economic opportunities in sub-Saharan African nations. They took advantage of everything in these countries without thinking of how they would affect the natives.

Many groups have strongly argued that European colonials should pay reparation to the former African states they colonized. Many people who advocate for the reparation of former African colonies argue that the Europeans made African nations less developed. All sub-Saharan African nations are less developed in the present state. The European colonials deserted African countries in dilapidated states after independence. Instead of building and developing the country, the colonial powers took a lot of wealth originating from Sub-Saharan Africa into Europe. The European colonial powers transferred massive wealth from African into Europe.

Therefore, the reparation of the current African nations is justified in both moral and economic contexts. Furthermore, in the economic context, colonization subsequently damaged the ability to form flourishing state economies in sub-Saharan nations. Even after colonization, these nations still struggle to establish independent economies and trade. This is because the European colonials severely damaged and abused the natural resources in the present-day sub-Saharan nations. As said by Kwame Nkrumah, the first president of Ghana, Europeans used colonization to bind their colonies to themselves as they are guided by the primary goal of promoting their own economic advantages. This way, the European colonials absolutely ignored the economic interests of their former colonies in Africa.

Reparation is also justified in the moral perspectives. In this context, it is better if the former European powers pay reparation for all the wrongdoings that they committed during colonization. A good example is a slavery. The European colonial powers forced sub-Saharan African natives into slavery. Slavery was and still remains an immoral practice not accepted by any society. During the colonization period, many native Africans were used as slaves especially as workers in the colonial farms and homesteads. Apart from slavery, the European colonials did many other immoral acts in sub-Saharan nations. Evidently, reparation is justified in the economic as well as moral context.

Question #1

People will live longer due to improved lifestyles and advances in medication and technology.


The age groups (50-100) show that females have longer life expectancy than males.

Question #3

In Sub-Saharan Africa nations, the “thickness” of the 2025 and 2050 pyramids is much greater than that of 2015 pyramid indicating that the population rate is high therefore there will be many people in 2025 and 2050.

Question #4

Between 2015 and 2050, the population of united kingdom will be growing at a steady rate.

Question #5:

The population pyramids for Southwest Asia and the North Africa nations indicates that there are more males than females. This is because these nations give birth to more males than females.

Question #6

Based on the death rate and birth rate, the demographic transition for England will fall in the third stage.

Question #7

The income per capita GDP figures show that there is a strong correlation between these nations.

Question #8

The most common type of climate for the three chosen countries is tropical.

Question #9

Cold climates tend to increase life expectancies.

Question #10

Based on the provided demographic figures, there is a strong correlation between economic factors and population growth rate. Developing nations such as the sub-Saharan Africa have high population growth rates than developed nations due to poor economic factors and low education.