Sample Article Review on Test 4-Xiangzhou

  1. Explain the moral issue(s) in the Great Lakes case.

The moral issue in the Great Lake Case is ignorance to communal and environmental resource destruction. The construction of the pipeline disrupted the flow of a number of rivers including the Little Muskegon River that flows into Muskegon then to Lake Michigan. The situation was worsened when the company started pumping large amounts of water to the count of 130 to 200 gallons of water every minute (Barnaby 459)

Defend how the case should be resolved.

The company should build use the help of the Stakeholder’s Alignment Model to enhance stakeholder trust. The models views the relationships a company builds as similar to lifelong partnerships that ought to be well nurtured and protected. The company should also pump in a consistent communication establishment with its partners in order for it’s to uphold trust. After a good partnership is established, communication is made easier and environmental and communal resource destruction is reduced.




  1. Explain DeGeorge’s thesis.

According to DeGeorge, business ethics is ambiguous and is being severely injured by the concept of moral relativism. The society has a number of ethical and moral standards that vary from one society to another, it is therefore valid and expected for some business ethics issues to be subject to debate. What one business region considers immoral maybe moral to another (Richard 463). It is doubtful that business ethics should have special rules that can similarly be applied in other different areas of the society. The confusion is furthermore exacerbated by the fact that there is no clear separation between business ethics and societal ethics. It is difficult to coin moral ethics and standards that governs multi-national corporations, business as well nations. Because business ethics is restricted to business activities, issues and problems, it is important to construct ethical regulations that are in coherence with the definition, content and structure of business operation.

  1. How should the 1st case be resolved?

The ethical obligation of the Russian Law on equity should be solidified. Ivan Ivanovich is still ethically correct because his aim is to keep his employees at work and ensure that he pays them their due benefits from the communist system. The actions of Ivan are furthermore justified because they are ethically justifiable, the employees are right to expect their benefits, the in fact owe the company all those benefits and have the right to make any formal complaints in any case they are not paid in full (Adi 459).



  1. How should the 2nd case be resolved?

The rules of social solidarity reign supreme in this case because the workers are still responsible for the Aluminium production. Without the workers, there is no production and without the managers there is no free market, product export and increased sells. Capitalism goes against the rights of the workers to fare wages while it also has a conflict of interests (Leonid 491). The truth is that Alexander and the entrepreneurs are unfairly exploiting both the government and the workers because of the fact that legal loop holes allow them to.

  1. How should the 3rd case be resolved?

Allocation and distribution systems in Russia should be effectively placed to allow for accountability and transparency when it comes to how products flow from suppliers to end users and consumers. There is a loop hole and ambiguity in who exactly is responsible for distribution whether it is the private sector, the retailors, the government or the mafia system.  Aleskey Alskyevich is therefore unfairly and unethically extorted to goods he should have a free access to just like all other citizens (Richard 513). It is therefore more considerate and cautious of him to pay for the extortion as it is his only way of acquiring goods and ensure that business continues as planned. Without paying the fee, he together with other small business entrepreneurs risk the survival of their businesses.

  1. How should the 4th case be resolved?

The case is distinct because it involves two companies, one Russian one American but both are operation at the same place and at the same time in Russia(Anne 14). Because the legal system in Russia has loop holes and easily allows for bribes and extortion and the American company is operating on Russian soil, the U.S Multinational Company still has the option of ignoring the legal implications of the U.S and can choose to operate the Russian way if that is one of the best avenues it can explore for profits.

  1. Explain the moral issue(s) in the Fingerhut case.

The Fingerhut case illustrates on the moral issue of ethics in communication. From the article, it is evident that the poor consumers were being exploited by the company. The consumers received no form of affordability when they obtained the highly valued goods on credit at high interest rates.  In the end the company profits from poor consumers who are robbed off of the little money they have.

How should the case be resolved?

Consumers have the right to decide whether or not they want a particular good and retailers should not force consumers into buying their products even if it is at reduced and reasonable prices. Other alternative options should be explored by the consumers like pawn shops. The Fingerhut Company should also explore deontology andeffectively communicate their marketing strategies but only to target customer who have higher incomes as compared to those in the middle class.Deontology entails moral duties and obligations the company owes its consumers. Fingerhut has a duty of providing good services and products to its consumers.This will allow for a clear communication and consideration of all the constituencies (Lee, Kretchen&June 491)

  1. Explain the moral issue(s) in the Exxon case.

The main moral issues presented in the Exxon Case are irresponsibility and lying. Exxon unethically communicated when its plan for crisis contingency management failed. When Valdez, the Exon Tanker accidentally spilled gallons of oil, unfairly blamed the tanker captain and the coast guard for the failed contingency plan when it was Exxon’s management that had a disorganized plan (Jenny, Andy & Patricia 513).

How should the case be resolved?

Exxon ought to construct and establish clear ethical communication skills that are trustworthy and truthful to all the relevant stakeholders. The company should in the future learn to take responsibility for their actions and truthfully communicate to its stakeholders. These are some of the most significant errors that oil companies ought to avoid if they intend to uphold their company image as respectable (Jenny, Andy& Patricia 513).

  1. Explain the moral issue(s) in the K-PAN case.

The evident moral issue is that K-PAN failed to regard the moral modern ethical issues especially with its new product ‘Hangins’. It also lied when it insisted that it had no links with operation in South East Asia in Indonesia and Pakistan(Mark, Laura& Bill 465).

How should the case be resolved?

The company should reconsider revising and evaluating its internal laws and policies on ‘K-PAN Ethics’. It should inculcate and up hold its virtues on social responsibility, customer satisfaction, shareholder satisfaction, community responsibility, living wage and customer confidence. This will help to reduce cases whereby workers operate under squalid, poor and unfair conditions (Mark, Laura& Bill 465).



                                                            Works Cited

Adi, Ignatius. Battling for Russia’s Soul at the Factory.The Wall Street Journal.December  21.      1993. Pa6.

Anne, Imse. Russia Wild Capitalist take Aluminium for a Ride. New York Times.pp.14.     February 13. 1994.

Barnaby, J. Feder. Alchemist’s Dream Come True: Case Study.  Business Values Away    from    Home.pp. 459.

Jenny, Mead. Andy, Wicks.,&Patricia, Werhane. Exxon Mobil and the Chad/Cameroon    Pipeline: Case Study. The Environment.

Lee, Fennel.,Kretchen, Kalsnow., &June, West. FingerHut’s Price Strategy: Case Study.  Marketing.

Mark, Baker. Laura Hartman.,&Bill Shaw. Global Profits, Global Headaches. Globalization.

Richard, T. DeGeorge. Soviet Ethic and Morality.Ann Arbor Michigan University Press.

Richard, T. DeGeorge. International Business Ethics: Russia and Eastern Europe. Social   Responsibility and Business Journalism. 19. Pp 5-23. 1993.