Antonovics, K., & Knight, B. G. (2009). A New Look At Racial Profiling: Evidence From The Boston Police Department. Review of Economics & Statistics, 91(1), 163-177.
This is a reliable source on racial profiling carried out by the police. The article offers sound arguments which are premised on statistics about the problem of racial profiling in the police department. The article uses evidence from the Boston police department to come up with concrete arguments. The arguments that are put forward in the article are premised on evidence from the police department on how people from minority groups are subjected to racial profiling. The authors of the article are scholars who have vast knowledge in racial profiling as it is evident from their argument.
Bou-Habib, P. (2011). Racial Profiling and Background Injustice. Journal of Ethics, 15(1/2), 33-46
The article looks at the ethical issues and the moral aspect of racial profiling by law enforcement officers. The author of the article has written other articles which are related to racial profiling. This shows that he has vast knowledge in the topic and thus his article is a reliable source. The article looks at the moral issues and the background injustice of racial profiling. The article has been used by other professionals for scholarly purposes and thus it is a reliable source.
Chan, J. (2011). Racial Profiling and Police Subculture. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 53(1), 75-78.
Brooms, D. R., & Perry, A. R. (2016). “It’s Simply Because We’re Black Men”. Journal Of Men’s Studies, 24(2), 166-184
The article looks at the recent increased killing of black men by traffic police officers. The authors suggest that the color of a person matters in traffic stops and random searches. The author also analyzes the black lives movement and how it came into existence. The authors cite ideas from other scholars and thus the article is a reliable source.
The article looks at the police subculture in relation to racial profiling. It looks at the values and vices in the police subculture that discourage or promote racial profiling. The author suggests the subculture of the police provides an environment which is conducive for racial profiling. The article has been cited by other scholars and thus is a reliable source. The author of the article has exhibited professionalism in putting forward his arguments on the topic.
Durlauf, S. N. (2005). Racial Profiling as a Public Policy Question: Efficiency, Equity, and Ambiguity. American Economic Review, 95(2), 132-136.
The article analyzes how the issue of racial profiling raises policy questions and how the problem can be eliminated through the formulation and implementation of policies. The author of the article has vast knowledge in the topic as it is evident from other works that he has done on racial profiling. The author argues that racial profiling is a public policy question which can be eliminated if effective policies are put in place. Some ideas in the article have been used by other professionals and thus it is a reliable source.
Hayle, S., Wortley, S., & Tanner, J. (2016). Race, Street Life, and Policing: Implications for Racial Profiling. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 58(3), 322-353.
The article looks at how racial profiling is manifested in the streets and how police officers stop and search people from minority groups disproportionately. The writer argues that the stops and searches on the streets are mostly not random but they are based on the color of those affected. The authors of the article have written other works which are related to the topic and this makes them the best to talk about the issue.
Katz, L. R. (2016). Whren at Twenty: Systemic Racial Bias And The Criminal Justice System. Case Western Reserve Law Review, 66(4), 923-929.
The article looks at the recent street relations between black people on the streets and law enforcement officer. The author argues that the problems that have led to the death of black drivers are as a result of racial profiling. Some ideas in the article have been cited from reliable sources thus making it a reliable source.
Lever, A. (2007, Spring2007). What’s Wrong with Racial Profiling? Another Look at the Problem. Criminal Justice Ethics. pp. 20-28.
The writer looks at the problem of racial profiling and the consequences that are likely to result from the problem. The author argues that racial profiling is not a normal practice by law enforcement officers but it can be justified as an extra ordinary measure employed by police officers in curbing crime. The arguments in the article have been supported by other scholars in other articles and thus it is a reliable source.
MacAlister, D. (2011). The Law Governing Racial Profiling: Implications of Alternative Definitions of the Situation. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 53(1), 95-103
The author argues that we should have some factors to be considered to conclude that a random search or stop was prejudiced. If the police officer carried out his/her duty with prejudice then it should be considered as racial profiling. The article has also been cited by other scholars and this is a clear manifestation that it is a reliable source.
Peruche, B. M., & Plant, E. A. (2006). The Correlates of Law Enforcement Officers’ Automatic and Controlled Race-Based Responses to Criminal Suspects. Basic & Applied Social Psychology, 28(2), 193-199.
The author analyzes the interest of race by law enforcers in executing their duties. He argues that there have been concerns that police officers may be more aggressive in their responses to minority compared to White Suspects. Other scholars have used ideas from the article to develop their arguments and this is a clear manifestation that it is a reliable source.
Pickerill, J. M., Mosher, C., & Pratt, T. (2009). Search and Seizure, Racial Profiling, and Traffic Stops: A Disparate Impact Framework. Law & Policy, 31(1), 1-30.
Pickerill and Mosher analyze the search and traffic stops that occur in the streets and come up with conclusions. The arguments in the article are premised on statistics from the police departments on how people from minority groups are disproportionately stopped and searched as compared to people from the majority groups who are mostly the whites. The authors of the article have vast knowledge in the topic as it is clearly manifested from their works. The article has been cited by several scholars and thus it is a reliable source.
Reiman, J. (2011). Is Racial Profiling Just? Making Criminal Justice Policy in the Original Position. Journal of Ethics, 15(1/2), 3-19.
The authors suggest the measures that can be taken to eliminate the problem of racial profiling in the police department. The author argues that the problem increase discrimination and this may lead to hatred amongst various groups of people. The author of the article has vast knowledge in the topic as it is evidenced from his arguments. Ideas from the article have been used by other scholars and thus it is a reliable source.
Ryberg, J. (2011). The Ethics of Racial Profiling: Introduction. Journal of Ethics, 15(1/2), 1-2
Ryberg argues that the problem of racial profiling has been entrenched in the police department for a long time but people have only been made conscious of the problem recently. The author analyzes ethical issues that arise as a result of racial profiling by law enforcement officers.The author traces the origin of the problem and how the issue has evolved with time.
Satzewich, V., &Shaffir, W. (2009). Racism versus Professionalism: Claims and Counter-claims about Racial Profiling1. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 51(2), 199-226.
The authors of the article relate the issue of racial profiling and professionalism, claims and counter claims about the problem. The authors of the article have written other works which makes them the right people to talk about the issue. Other scholars have used ideas from the article to develop their arguments and thus it is a reliable source.
Ward, J. D. (2002). Race, Ethnicity, and Law Enforcement Profiling: Implications for Public Policy. Public Administration Review, 62(6), 726-735.
The author argues that police officers stop people from minority groups because they believe that they are more likely to commit crimes as compared to the whites. They do these because they believe that the blacks have greater; likelihood to commit traffic offenses as compared to people of other races. The article has been cited any other scholars and thus it is a reliable source.