Sample Essay Assignment on Multiple Sclerosis
Simply abbreviated as MS, Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological condition that affects the nerves. This condition is characterized by the eating away of the myelin or the protective sheath that covers the nerves by the body’s immune system. As a result of this, interference in communication between the brain, spinal cord and other body parts is caused.
Multiple Sclerosis leads to the deterioration of the nerves; a process that becomes so hard to reverse after it takes effect. It is estimated that close to 100,000 people in the UK are affected by this health condition. A number of those who have been diagnosed with the condition over the years are usually aged between 20 to 40 years old. However, it can affect both the young and old with most of the cases common in women compared to men.
Causes of Multiple Sclerosis
The exact causes of Multiple Sclerosis are not known. However, scientists and researchers have pointed out that the conditions may be as a result of genetic and environmental factors. With regards to genetics and family history, Multiple Sclerosis is not directly inherited. This is because; there is no particular gene that causes the condition. People with a family history of this condition are likely to develop it. However, that is not obvious.
Multiple Sclerosis is more common in areas that are further away from the equator unlike those that are not. It is not very clear why this happens, however, there is a possibility that something in the environment like viruses or bacteria are responsible. No particular virus has been proven to cause MS but there is scanty evidence that Epstein Barr; a childhood virus can trigger the condition.
Smoking has also been identified to increase a person’s risk of developing Multiple Sclerosis.
Signs and Symptoms
Multiple Sclerosis is a complex health condition that has got a variety of symptoms. However, most people will not usually experience them at the same time. The signs and symptoms can be physical while others can also affect the emotions, memory and thinking as well as also cause sexual problems. Below are the symptoms:
- Numbness or weakness in the limbs
- Partial or complete loss of vision that usually affects one eye
- Blurred or double vision
- Electric shock sensations that result from movements of the head.
- Slurred speech
- Fatigue and dizziness.
The signs and symptoms alone cannot be able to tell if one is suffering from MS or not, it is advisable to see a doctor immediately they begin to show.
If after diagnosis one is found to have developed Multiple Sclerosis, there are medications that can be given to suppress the symptoms and reduce the progress of the disease. However, no cure has been found yet for the condition. Some of the strategies aimed at treating the attack include Corticosteroids and plasma exchange.
Other strategies and medications that have also been recommended for the condition include physical therapy, muscle relaxants, Dalfampridine, Beta interferons, Glatiramer acetate, Fingomilod, Natalizumb among others.
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