Psychology Sample Paper on Role of Women in Enhancing Healthy Societies


The tenet of social cultural psychology is based on the influence the society has in influencing stable societies. According to this approach, cultural factors that include language, social norms, and structures in society play a fundamental role in shaping and developing the cognitive abilities of human beings that help in realizing healthy societies. The Soviet psychologist and pioneer of the social cultural psychology, Vygotsky, portends that interactions between human beings in the society help them shape and influence their cognitive processes and development in the given society (Didion 29).

This study will examine the role of women in enhancinghealthysocieties. Through their interaction with the society that is rooted in culture, the society has helped shape their thinking and influence them in making significant contributions to the society.

Literature Review

In the literature review section, the researcher will seek to analyze how the women at individual level have been influenced through interaction and culture to engage in developing healthy societies in order to ensure socially and culturally stable societies. In a variety of ways these individual engagementcontributes in shaping cognitive ability of women as well as that of children who are now being brought up in healthy, socially, and psychologically stable societies.

Historically, women have played a significant role in shaping social and culturally healthy communities, for instance, Clara Barton, founded the American Red Cross in 1881. Today, the institution stands unique in providing a socializing platform of people who need disaster relief (Banner 76). The medical institution has played a significant role in gender and cultural socialization in the world history. Today, if you had a blood transfusion, radiation therapy, or experienced a health natural birth, you have probably been a beneficiary of one among many health innovations brought forth by women in the medical institution (Taylor 33). Over time, the medical institution has provided socializing ground for women in the vast societies across the world.

Women’s significant contribution in medicine dates back to the ancient time. Historians who have exhibited interest in gender in society and medicine have identified the scientific accomplishments women have brought forth in this field. The cultural and psychological aspects of the impact of women’s contribution to medicine to society have played a vital role is women socialization in society (Didion 56).

Women have made major contributions in the field medicine that have had a significant impact on society. Today, half of American medical school graduates are women and have received continued credit for the vital contribution in society in maternal and child care. In 1903, Marie Curie became the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize for her distinguished work in radiation. In 1905, Rosalind Franklin whose geneticist contribution in X-ray photography resulted inthe best images of the DNA strands (Sapiro 78). Between 1901 and 2010, forty more women have since been awarded the Nobel Prize for their significant contributions to the medical institution that have a direct impact on society. Other key examples of women who had an impact on society include:

In order to demonstrate self in the cultural social psychology, Dr. Virginia Apgar,developed a standardized system, Apgar score, used to evaluate the health status of newborn babies by checking their breathing system, their skin color, reflexes, and the pulse. Her contribution to medicine created a long-lasting impact on society. By the use of the system, the health status of children can be easily determined and necessary medical steps be constituted (Hinkle 77). Over the years her contribution as remained relevant in identifying and addressing the health issues affecting newborn babies. Consequently, the attempt has enhanced self in the cultural social psychology.

  • Research Gap.Though many studies have been done on the role of culture and socialization in enhancing healthy societies, minimal studies have been done specifically focusing on the influence of women in society healthy development. Culturally and socially stable societies are healthy societies. Based on culture and socialization, women engage significantly to stable societies.
  • Research Questions.In order conduct a research on the influence of women in society healthy development, the following research questions will guide the researcher:
  1. What is the role of culture in promoting healthy development in society?
  2. What is the relationship between the interaction and development of healthy society?
  • What is the relationship between the role of women in healthy development and socially and psychologically stable societies?
  • Methodology

3.1 Sampling.The sample for the primary study would involve 430 respondents. Random sampling of the respondents will be done where respondents will be given an equal chance of participating in the study. The researcher assumes that a sample size of 430 can result in rich information.

3.2 Research Design. A research design is an arrangement of conditions necessary for data collection and analysis in a manner that endeavors to combine the relevance of the study purpose and economy of the procedure (Gordon 60). This research study employed a descriptive design. A descriptive design employs interviews and questionnaires as means of collecting data. Specifically, this study will employinterviews as a method of data collection. Choice of this study design is appropriate evaluating the influence of women in society healthy development.


3.3 Research process. This study will use interviewsfor data collection. This is because the tool is effective in evoking the respondent’s perceptions and experiences.Interviews give respondents freedom to give their opinions and make suggestions (Gordon 64).

3.3.1 Validity

The researcher will ensure that the research instruments are tested for validity before using them for data collection. To ensure the validity of the research tools, test-retest will be conducted. Peer review will enable the researcher conduct content validity.

3.3.2 Reliability

A researcher will ensure the reliability of the research instruments is attained. In order to attain reliable research innstruments, pilot study will be utilized.Cronbach coefficient will be computed to further ensure reliability.


3.4 Ethics. A researcher has an obligation to disclose all information concerning the study so that respondents can make a choice of either refusing or agreeing to participate in the study. Autonomy constitutes of the concept of informed consent where respondents agree to participate in the without any form of coercion from the researcher. Implicitly, autonomy constitutes of a respondent’s ability to understand what they are being asked to do by the researcher, making a rational judgment about the effect of participating in the study, and making an informed a choice to participate freely without coercive influence (Hinkle 43).

The researcher must fully inform the potential respondents about nature and the purpose of the research study, procedures to be employed, expected participant benefits, the potential risks, and the alternatives of participating in the study. Besides, the researcher should ensure that there is a statement describing the data collection procedures to ensure confidentiality of data and respondent anonymity. In addition, the informed consent document should also disclose compensation and medical treatment are available in the event of a research-related injury occurrence. During data collection, respondents will be informed that voluntarily write their names and codes. Those who write their details will be assured that their identities will be protected.

  • Findings and Discussion

In this section of analyzing study findings, the researcher anticipates that all expected respondents will participate and that 100% respondent’s response will be obtained for a researcher to get a justification to proceed to data analysis. After data analysis, it is expected that the alternative hypothesis will be true that there is a significant relationship between the women interaction and society development. Further, it is expected that the alternative hypothesis will be true that there is a significant relationship between therole of women in healthy development and socially and psychologically stable societies.

  • The Role of Culture in Promoting Healthy Development in Society?The researcher will seek to determine whether culture has a role to play in influencing socially and culturally stable societies.

Ingrained in study findings, it is anticipated that 60% of the respondents will strongly agree that engaging in cultural activities enables womento develop communication skills, leadership ability, team-work, and time management that are required in ensuring stable socially and psychological societies.

Women engagement in cultural activities such as the Association of Women’s Healthy, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses gives women an opportunity to integrate and contribute to societal healthy development directly. This association offers an array of outreach services that helps medical practitioners to socialize with society members. Many of these programs are established in conjunction with affected families, learning institutions, and societies. The outreach setting entails homes, learning institutions, day care facilities, worship centers, recreational centers, and community facilities.

  • The Relationship between the Role of Women in Healthy Development and Socially and Psychologically Stable Societies?Based on the study findings, the researcher anticipates that more women will enroll in medical schools. This will facilitate their contribution towards ensuring that children are born and brought up in environments that facilitate cognitive growth. For instance,in the medical school faculties in the United States, enrollment of female students is anticipated to increase from 27% in 1997 to 42% in 2016. Additionally, it is projected that in public health service, females will constitute 20% of the total workforce in the public health sector.

The researcher anticipates that by 2017, 19% of assistant professors in the medical schools will be women, 13% will be associate professors and 7% of the full professors able to conduct orthopedic surgery are women. Further, 14 of 125 deans’ of the medical school are projected to be women, while 12 women hold chairs of the medical department. A further statistics anticipates that 54% professors in obstetrics and gynecology will be women where 15% of them will be able to conduct orthopedic surgery.

  • What is the Relationship between the Interaction and Development of Healthy Society? Based on the study findings, the researcher anticipates determining the extent to which women will agreeto participate in societal and culturally based activities to enhance socially and psychologically stable societies. The anticipated findings are illustrated in the table.




Statement                                                                                     frequency          percentage (%)

Location of the community action group                                        1                            5

Contribution of involvement with the community action group11                         55

The group members of the community action group                      1                            5

The events provided by the community action group                     6                           30


The researcher anticipates that majority of the respondents, 55%, will acknowledge that they can work as volunteers because of their desire to boost the social and cultural state of their societies. The group offers roles of computer support, event planning, and opportunities for marketing and promotion that help the women to develop communication, leadership, team-work, and time management skills that are important factors in cognitive development.

In addition, a further 30% of the respondents will acknowledge that they would participate as volunteers in the community action group because of the events provided by the community action group. In addition, the researcher anticipates that respondents will consider social and cultural networking as major events that influence healthy societies.

Potential Outcome of the Study

            The findings of this willhelp in the understanding of the research topic by fostering socially and culturally stable societiesespecially in healthy development being advocated by women. Additionally, the researcher projects that the findings of this study will help in contributing ideas to the existing knowledge on the how society has influenced women to engage in healthy initiatives that help in enhancing healthy societies. Societies that are socially, culturally, and psychologically nourished are stable societies. Further, the gaps identified will help in motivating more women to engage themselves in enhancing healthy societies.



Reference List

Banner, K. 2005.Women in the modernization of America: A brief history (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Didion, H.2012. Blueprint for the Future: Framing the issues of women in science in a global context: Summary of a workshop. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

Gordon, T & Buhle, L. 2011.Women in American society; Historical contribution. Cambridge, Mass.: [Radical America].

Hinkle, M. 2005.Successful women in Medicine: Corporate America’s contribution to science. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society.

Sapiro, J &Virginia, R. 2013.Women in American Society: An Introduction to Women’s Studies (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 9780767416399.

Taylor, D &Verta, G. 2012. Feminist Frontiers (9th ed.). ISBN: 978-0-07-802662-1.