Open Always
Email: support@globalcompose.com Call Now! +1-315 515-4588
Open Always
Email: support@globalcompose.com Call Now! +1-315 515-4588

Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking

This sample paper on (Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking) was uploaded by one our contributors and does not necessarily reflect how our professionals write our papers. If you would like this paper removed from our website, please contact us via our Contact Us Page.

A Database of over Million Scholarly Resources. Start your Search Now

Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking

As explained by Spellman (203), fracking is the technique that uses pressurized fluid to break or crack hard rock layers in order to extract gas and oil trapped beneath deep the underground especially in the shale rock. The environmental impact of tracking include contamination of underground water, air pollution, fracking-induced earthquakes, methane pollution, blowouts when gases explode, mishandling of waste disposal, hydraulic fracturing of surface chemicals, migration of gases, as well as potential health effects such as cancer among others.

The Need/ Challenge

The world is in need of better alternative and economical mode of oil and gas drilling. In addition, the traditional drilling method depends on the ability of oil and gas to force fractures from the shale into the rock layer where they are trapped. This limits the ability of drilling from areas where it does not happen naturally. Fracking has made oil and gas extraction very economical but the challenge is that it causes the gradual drop in prices thus reducing the profitability of the drilling company (Madelon 77).

Driving Factors

The main driving factors for the use of fracking in oil and gas extraction are –

  • It is cheap and economical
  • It enables oil and gas extraction from any source
  • Consumers are seeing economic gains
  • It is fast and reliable
Existing solutions: Disposal pathways

Development of disposal pathways one existing solution that is currently being used to address the environmental problems associated with fracking, especially the contamination of underground water. In this method, disposal pathways or wells are contracted through which flowback is discharged to the surface and treated before being released into the sewer system (Bamberger and Robert 89).

  • Advantages
  • It reduces the chemical contamination of sewer system
  • It enhances reusability in future fracks
  • Limitations/Disadvantages
  • It increases the cost of oil and gas extraction
  • It does not completely remove chemicals from the rock layers
Proposed Solution: use of non-chemical fracking fluids

The best solution to the problem is to use fracking liquids that are free of chemical additives. The fluids currently being used contain many chemical additives such as iodine that poses great threat to environment including underground water reservoirs. This method will significant reduce the application of hazardous biocides. Good examples of non-chemical additive groups that can be used are water and bauxite (Jackson 45).

How and why it works better

In this method, pressurized non-chemical additive groups such as water and bauxite are directed into the shame to forcefully eject underground oil and gas into the rock layers. Once in the rock layers, the oil and gas can be drilled easily.

Implementation

This method will require a simple modification of the existing procedures only to allow the use of non-chemical additive groups. The company implementing it can choose to use only water.

Summary-Cost

The only additional cost that will be involved is the development of new machinery that use only pressurized water. The direct cost of exiting fracking method ranges between $1.5 and $2.5 million; however, this cost will be reduced by approximately 20-30% when water is used instead of chemical additive groups.

Critical challenges

The only critical challenge in addition this new solution is how to develop a water-reliant system. This will require much more research before the new method is fully developed.

Barriers

Most companies that have developed the existing chemical additive-dependent fracking system are not willing to change. The change will render their system obsolete and thus lose their investment in the plant. Secondly, the cost of developing new system and establishing new plants is very high.

Scale-up potential

This new system has huge scale-up potential because the cost of extraction will be significantly reduced. In addition, water is easily available and its usage does not affect the environment.

 

Work Cited

Bamberger, Michelle, and Robert Oswald. The Real Cost of Fracking: How America’s Shale-Gas Boom Is Threatening Our Families, Pets, and Food. 2014. Print.

Jackson, Richard. “Environmental Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing.” Environmental & Engineering Geoscience 20.4 (2014): 403-404.

Madelon Finkel. The Human and Environmental Impact of Fracking: How Fracturing Shale for Gas Affects Us and Our World: How Fracturing Shale for Gas Affects Us and Our World. ABC-CLIO. 2015. Print.

Spellman, Frank R. Environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013. Print.

Sharing is: CARING

Are you looking for homework writing help? Click on Order Now button below to Submit your assignment details.

Homework Writing Help
We Can Help you with this Assignment right now!
Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking

Are you looking for homework writing help on (Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking)? Well, you can either use the sample paper provided to write your paper or you could contact us today for an original paper. If you are looking for an assignment to submit, then click on ORDER NOW button or contact us today. Our Professional Writers will be glad to write your paper from scratch.

We ensure that assignment instructions are followed, the paper is written from scratch. If you are not satisfied by our service, you can either request for refund or unlimited revisions for your order at absolutely no extra pay. Once the writer has completed your paper, the editors check your paper for any grammar/formatting/plagiarism mistakes, then the final paper is sent to your email.

Privacy| Confidentiality

Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking

We do not share your personal information with any company or person. We have also ensured that the ordering process is secure; you can check the security feature in the browser. For confidentiality purposes, all papers are sent to your personal email. If you have any questions, contact us any time via email, live chat or our phone number.

Our Clients Testimonials

  • I appreciate help on the assignment. It was hard for me but am good to go now

    Impact of pollution on Environment
  • Am happy now having completed the very difficult assignment

    Creative Message Strategies
  • Your writer did a fine job on the revisions. The paper is now ok

    Ethics: Theory and Practice
  • The paper was so involving but am happy it is done. Will reach you with more assignments

    Title: Privatization in or of America
  • I expected perfection in terms of grammar and I am happy. Lecturer is always on our head but was pleased with my paper. Once again, thanks a lot

    Title: Bundaberg Inquiry
  • The paper looks perfect now, thank to the writer

    Health Care Systems
  • You helped me complete several other tasks as you handled paper. wonna thank you

    Critique Paper on Political Change

Related Articles

Sample Presentation Paper on Environmental Impacts of Fracking

Get more from us…

Would you like this sample paper to be sent to your email or would you like to receive weekly articles on how to write your assignments? You can simply send us your request on how to write your paper and we will email you a free guide within 24-36 hours. Kindly subscribe below!

Email Address: support@globalcompose.com