Thesis Statement: Environmentalists need to utilize economic and natural efficient strategies in choosing individual species to conserve.
- Choose species that ensure economic efficiency channeled towards more income growth and sustenance of the economy.
- Develop a “conservation triage”, a criteria that can identify the most significant species for conservation.
- Focus on conserving species that lead to an indirect protection mechanism of other species.
Saving Species from Extinction
The article under analysis is titled “20,000 species are near extinction: Is it time to rethink how we decide which to save?” written by Christine Dell’Amore. In the article, the author focuses on how human beings choose the species that are worth channeling resources towards saving. She insists that people have always tended to want to preserve what they like and not necessarily what they dislike. She rejects that analogy basing her argument on the role the organism can play in facilitating efficiency in the environment. Environmentalists need to utilize economic and natural efficient strategies in choosing individual species to conserve.
Environmental economists insist on ensuring economic efficiency channeled towards more income growth and sustenance of the economy. Dell’Amore emphasizes on it by attributing to Murray Rudd who worked on Nova Scotia’s Atlantic salmon population that had dropped precipitously to 250 fish. The initiative taken by the organization involved capturing and breeding of the fish so as to prevent its extinction. Such an action cost the agency millions of dollars. The result was justifiable since over 2,800 households were willing to pay $86 each annually to support the conservation of fish (Dell’Amore 1). The fish is now raised on private farms and consumed by most Canadians while being preserved from extinction. In 2010, for instance, the fish supported 3,872 full-time jobs and was worth $255 million in GDP. An edge towards species that can improve the economic conditions of a country by earning more revenues and ensuring the populace get full-time employment is necessary.
Dell’Amore emphasizes the need for the development of a “conservation triage”, a criteria that can identify the most significant species for conservation. It is imperious to recognize that not all species can escape extinction. This is because resources channeled towards the process are scarce and limited. The method needs to analyze the value of specie by utilizing two procedures. The first should highlight on the cost of management and the second explain the possibility of success where the species evade extinction. The model daubed “Project Prioritization Protocol (PPP) has been implemented successfully in New Zealand and is likely to be implemented in Australia (Dell’Amore 1). The mathematical approach towards conservation is crucial as it ensures that species chosen for protection have a higher chance of survival. It will be a waste of resources to attempt to conserve species that are bound to die. Ethical questions can be raised on this, but it is cost effective to preserve flora and fauna that can survive.
A conservation strategy that focuses on conserving one animal can also lead to an indirect protection mechanism of other species. The preservation of such animals is necessary so as to ensure that all organisms can coexist in a mutually beneficial environment that promotes interdependence. For instance, the initiatives to save the tiger have ensured that smaller organisms like the swamp deer, pangolins, pygmy hogs and sloth bears get to benefit from such efforts (Dell’Amore 1). It can said that a conservation mechanism that ensures the most number of species’ conservation is the most effective, in the long run. That way, most organisms get a fair chance at being chosen for conservation.
The need to conserve species from extinction is an important aspect of society but more significantly the choice of the particular species that need protection. In an attempt to choose among species, three strategies are suggested byDell’Amore. The first emphasizes on the economic worthiness of the species. The second is scientific methodology that focuses on successful conservation and the third emphases on the range of species that can be conserved using a single conservation venture. All the three provide conservationist agencies with a strategy that outlines the most efficient way to choose organisms for conservation initiatives.
Dell’Amore, Christine. “20,000 Species Are Near Extinction: Is it Time to Rethink How We Decide Which to Save?” 15 December 2013. NationalGeographic Website. Document. 17 February 2015.