The writing process refers to the five steps that must be undertaken as a prerequisite to produce well written documents that convey the intended information to the audience free of ambiguity and in the clearest way possible. The steps are prewriting, drafting, revising, editing and publishing. If adhered to, the process will ensure there is effective communication within the dedicated time frame. This process can be applied in all contexts of writing such as academic, technical or professional.
Prewriting is the step where the writer comes up with ideas on what he is going to write about. The [spacing error after full stop] writer must keep in mind the nature of the audience he is going to address, the purpose for writing and the subject he is going to address. This helps the writer to know what information will be most relevant and also how best to present it. The main activities involved are brainstorming and researching. The writer brainstorms to find alternative ways of conveying the message and then select the best of the many ideas. Research ensures that the writer masters the topic and puts him in a position to write relevant, well elucidated and well-organized [corrected well organized] work. At the end of this process the writer should have a concise thesis and an outline of the document.
Drafting involves writing the conceived ideas in prose form. Word count and adherence to grammar are not necessary at this stage. The writer connects his ideas to suit the chosen structure. The most important thing is to stay flexible at this stage as good [replaces the word better for better diction] ideas might crop up and their inclusion may improve the quality of the written document. He is encouraged to redraft as many times as necessary to produce superior quality work.
The third step is editing and the rule of thumb is to apply the A.R.R.R technique. First, [corrected missing coma] the writer must explore if there is information that he should add to make his document complete or make his ideas more comprehensive and convincing. The next step involves rearranging the work to create a better flow of information or to better the plot. The writer should then remove unnecessary parts by paying particular care to the word count and also ensure that the audience will not suffer information overload. Finally, the writer should replace the parts that do not fit in by rewriting them.
Fourthly, the writer should edit his work by going through it word by word. He should check the grammar, spelling, punctuation and clarity. If possible a fresh pair of eyes especially a professional editor or colleague should be engaged in this step. Alternatively, [corrected missing coma] the writer may use available software to detect errors in his work and correct them.
The final step involves publishing that [replacing the word which with that] which is the stage where the writer presents his work to the target audience. The writer must ensure that the form his work is presented in is appropriate for his audience. He should also explore the available publisher and choose the one who fits his budget and offers the best chance to rich the target audience.
The writing process is cyclic and the writer should feel free to go back to the previous steps in order to improve his work. If applied correctly it will ensure that the final document is free of errors, articulate and relevant.