Sample Essay on Provide Access to Clean Water

Previous studies highlight that deficiency of water has led to more deaths worldwide than any form of war. In every six individuals, a person is said to lack access to water while twice the number are deficient in primary sanitation, which requires water [2]. Inadequate water in some parts of the world has resulted in poor health, which can be eradicated in the presence of sufficient water provided by the assistance of NAE. Engineers have the essential expertise in curbing this solution. There is need to offer friendly technology which can be adopted by many. Engineers in collaboration with scientists are able to offer the most convenient and modern solution for improved accessibility and quality.

In [3], more than half of the population in the developing nations is in need of water. As an indispensable resource, agricultural, and industrial development is adversely affected by this limitation. In US, conveyance pipes constructed in the early century need replacement with modern techniques as they have failed to offer quality water. The pipes have oftentimes mixed up water with those in sewage, causing serious challenges. However, there is presently sufficient water for human sustenance. Appropriate approaches ought to be applied to offer water in the right quality and quantity [3]. In [1], water has been a problem due to low technology and limited solutions. Both articles therefore affirm that modern technology is necessary for the sufficient production and access of quality water.

Markham offers numerable solutions to the problem. These solutions have been chosen based on the required technology and applicability of the concepts in various places. Solutions were agreed upon after carrying out adequate experiments for verification. Prominent engineers worldwide applied low technology methods as well as high technology approaches to solve water scarcity. [3] highlighted biological approaches in offering quality water for everyone.

(EcoloBlue Atmospheric Water Generators)

Biological approaches were evaluated technically and realized to be fair and commonly applicable to majority of the people worldwide. Furthermore, technological application was carried out to all the solutions by the assistance of scientists.

Diverse biological solutions were offered as approaches to overcome access of quality water globally. One of the methods included inactivation of the pathogens via treatment technologies and commercial sensors. Desalination and nanotechnology were approaches obtained in killing the microorganisms. Microchip devices for detection have also been mentioned as a solution. Water treatment has seen Israel reclaim wastewater for farming purposes [3].

(The purification system)

  Technological advancement applies desalinization through reverse osmosis to separate the salt. This solution is costly, thus can be applied in developed countries. Low cost technology mentioned includes super sand, solar panels, and seeds of the miracle tree. Filtration straws and water UV purifies employ complicated technology. These methods are cheap and manageable across the world. These methods advocated in [1] are collection of both biological and technological applications. Unlike the methods in [3], these methods are cheaper and apply low concepts. Therefore, they can be widely applied.

Biological approaches in solving access of quality water have been realized to be cheaper and applicable in most areas worldwide. Most of them require few resources and concepts to overcome the challenge. These methods additionally offer opportunities for future technological developments. Unlike the approaches mentioned in the article in [3], biological methods should possess few adaptability challenges when applied.

References
[1]        D. Markham. “15 Concepts and Solutions for Providing Clean Drinking Water.” Treehugger. 2012

[2]        National Academy of Engineering (NAE). Provide Access to Quality Water: Grand Challenges for Engineering. 2015

[3]        R. M. Riley, P. C. Gerba & M. Elimech. “Biological approaches for addressing the grand challenge of providing access to clean drinking water.” Journal of Biological Engineering. Vol5. No. 2. 2011