ESF (Emergency Support Function) #7 is concerned with the manner in which logistics facilitate the consolidation of logistics support and incident planning in the entire community with a view to enabling efficient and timely delivery of equipments, services, supplies, and services. Moreover, ESF 7 enables technical assistance, incident response, technical assistance, education, sustainment, and education (Federal Emergency Management Institute, 2015). These issues are important in that they leverage the resources and capacity of private and public stakeholders, NGOs (nongovernmental organizations) and Federal logistics partners.
Leveraging on the capacity and resources of the aforementioned stakeholders as provided for by the ESF 7 is necessary in that it supports disaster survivors and responders. ESF 7 has a wide scope that cuts across various activities (Federal Emergency Management Institute, 2015). To start with, ESF 7 permits centralized functions to the supply chain management that reinforces tribal, local, insular area, Federal , state, and territorial governments in the event of a potential or actual incident (Florida Division of Emergency Management, 2002). In this case, the scope of ESF 7 includes, but is not limited to; acquisition; resource sourcing, delivery of services, supplies, and equipment; acquisition of facility space; resource tracing, support and management of IT (information technology) systems services; coordination of transport, and other administrative services. Nonetheless, within this scope, ESF 7 entails the following specific activities:
- Management of a complex and collaborative supply chain of logistics that offers supplies, services, and equipment for incidents that demands for a combined community response capability (Florida Division of Emergency Management, 2002).
- Facilitating a combination of logistics partners for the entire community via crisis and deliberate collaboration in sourcing, acquisition, planning, disposition, and utilization of resources
- Enabling collaboration and communication among the various supply chain support components with a view to reducing the recovery efforts in the affected areas, as well as in restoring state and local self-sufficiency as a matter of urgency
ESF 7 relates to various stakeholders in the community, including the Federal government; NGOs and/or the private sector; state, territorial, tribal, local, insular are, and local governments. NGOs/Private sector: Here, ESF 7 supports the securing of support from Federal resources via donations or direct procurement.
In addition, ESF 7 collaborates with the wholesale, retail, and other players in the private industry associations by way of planning, conducting exercises, and sharing information for mutual benefits in order to coordinate where, by whom, when, and how to offer critical logistics resources under all forms of incidents.
ESF 7 facilitates the formation of partnerships among the various stakeholders of Federal logistics in order to ensure a sustainable and robust capability that is both adaptable and flexible to fulfilling the uncertain requirements of all manner of hazards. Such an unparalleled interagency partnerships allows ESF 7 to act as the lone integrator for the coordination of supply chain planning and logistics for the entire community during special events or when domestic incidents occur (Illinois, 2015).
State, territorial, tribal, local, insular area and local governments
ESF 7 undertakes education, exercise, training programs and assessments for programs local governments and regional entities with a view to increasing response capacity, enhancing readiness, and increasing the impact and management of homeland security resources. In addition, ESF 7 organizations are also involved in the development of collaborative tools that can be of use to the state, territorial, tribal, local, insular area, and local entities. This is vital in order to aid in the assessment of the prevailing disaster logistics readiness.
Moreover, it also helps to determine areas that require targeted improvement, as well as the designing of a road-map that will help to improve strengths and reduce weaknesses in an attempt to enhance a joint logistics concept for the entire community.
Fundamental actions and capabilities of ESF 7
Like other ESFs, ESF 7 supports the fundamental capabilities of operational coordination, planning, and warning and public information.
a) Mass Care Services
ESF 7 acquires and manages services, supplies and resources from the main capability providers through mission assignments, donations, contracts, and interagency agreements. In addition, ESF 7 supports communication, prioritization, and coordination of mass care resource needs (Roanoke, 2014). Also, ESF 7 communicates requirements strategies and plans to the main capability providers. Moreover, ESF 7 supports the needs for physically accessible feeding, sheltering, and other related activities with the aim of supporting disaster victims, including people with disabilities.
b) Critical transportation
ESF 7 is involved in the management of procedures and equipment from vendors and storage facilities to disaster victims, with special consideration on the sustainment portions and surge of response (Ghosh et al, 2010). Other issues involved in transportation management are provision of services to ensure that requests by other Federal organizations have been met.
b) Private and public resources and services
ESF 7 is involved in resource management and the coordination of the same to support disaster survivors The GSA (General Services Administration) is the primary agency for ESF 7, with the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Labor, Defence, Homeland Security, and Energy acting as support agencies.
Federal Emergency Management Institute (2015). IS-807: Emergency Support Function (ESF)
#7 – Logistics Management and Resource Support Annex.
Florida Division of Emergency Management. (2002). Emergency Support Functions. Retrieved
Ghosh, T.K., Prelas, M.A., Viswanath, D.S., & Loyalka, S.K. (2010). Science and Technology of Terrorism and counterterrorism. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Illinois (2015). Emergency Support Function 7- Resource Support.
Roanoke (2014). Emergency Support Function #7 – Resource Support.