Fiction Refers to imaginative recreation of life in prose narrative form. Fictions are falsehood of sorts since they relate events that never happened to people, literally referred to as characters that have not been in existence, at least, not in the actual manner portrayed in the story. In other words, fiction authors aspire to craft “justifiable untruths” given that they strive to show significant insights into human life. Hence, fictions are false in the total sense but true in the collective logic.
In developing of stories, authors incorporate the use of various literary techniques to build a smooth flowing narrative. Within the narratives, authors consider the various choices of literary elements for varied reasons; the use of style analysis, tone, diction, detail, point of view, and organizations are very crucial in developing narratives of all kinds. For example, in The Narrative of author Gordon Pym Nantucket, there is efficient use of various literary styles in building the entire narrative. The account commences with a prelude by its first-person raconteur, Pym. Pym explains how he had previously not wanted to commit his marvelous tale to print since he was worried that people might doubt its veracity, however he finally publishes it as fiction but readers believe it to be true. The narrative of an ill-fated ocean voyage, Poe’s The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym, has enchanted the attention of cohorts of readers with its action-packed plot, creative use of representation and allegory, illustration of pattern, and numerous unusual occurrences. Poe’s subtle handling of irony and ambiguity, as well as his use of a self-conscious narrative technique, has made Pym, the object of much critical study the peculiar modernity of Pym’s ambiguous narrative structure, and its presentation of fiction as fact is very interesting. Interesting to the establish is how Pym uses the literary elements to plot this fiction and make it appear like fact. Pym employs the use of essential literary techniques to develop his fictional narrative to appear as real and very interesting. Some of the literary methods include plot, character, and theme.
To enhance effective creation of fiction as a fact, the main major areas are the plot and major characters. Plot in fiction stories pertain the literary element, which shows the consequences constituting the entire storyline most particularly in their series of occurrence throughout the story. The character denotes to the individuals depicted within the tale or drama. How did Pym use character in his character to make them believable? The narrative is set in the sea where Pym and his good friends set out in his sailboat, and are run down by a whaler ship penguin and narrowly escape death. He then adventures by hiding as a stowaway in a coffin. This introduction of Pym’s plot provides a catchy beginning of the novel enhancing the urge for much deeper exploration of the book; this is commonly referred to as hook. This hook in his plot is perfectly placed to capture the attention of the readers.
The arrangement of this narrative’s entire plot displays a standard formation that glues readers to the novel. There is clear display of conflict; first exhibited between the voyage and the weather. Due to the bad weather conditions, the Jane Guy’s voyage ends up on the Tsalal island where another conflict among the mysterious savage natives who display serious anxiety over anything white. Before the savage island, Dirks Peter, Pym and Augustus had experienced unrest in the sea leaving them without food for days. Ironically, they kill Parker who had earlier saved and fed them so that the remaining three could survive on his flesh. Such is the introduction of sub-plots revealing the man-eating nature of Pym and his two friends. The arrangement of plot alongside characters within the narrative is quite interesting, and encourages more exploration of the work of fiction.
Within this fiction setting, the themes of the narrative are not clearly presented. Only keen readers are able to extract the theme from the narrative. In the actual sense, theme refers to the author’s intended message to the readers in which fiction narratives do not usually display any specific messages or teachings. In Pym’s narrative, the character behaviors, actions, and interactions reflect the theme of the narrative. The metaphor of bereavement and rebirth whether in the form of being saved from hopeless situations or simply drifting in and out of consciousness comprises the main theme in Pym. In addition, a continued existence in the novel is by the work of chance, with characters either helping or hampering their probability in nearly all cases. Some additional themes illustrated in Pym are those of deception that include cover up, illusion, as well as trickery. From Pym’s hiding in the hold of the Grampus at the beginning of the novel, to the white figure that emerges towards the conclusion of the work of fiction, most of them are not they seem to be. Finally, in the narrative, scriptural citations are also viewed, for instance Pym’s observation of the ruins in Tsalal is suggestive of the ruins in the ancient Babylonian Kingdom, with the perception that the inhabitants of the island could have been a Biblical displaced tribe.
“Introduction” Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism Ed. Juliet Byington. Vol. 94. Gale Cengage 2001 eNotes.com 25 Dec,