English 101 Sample Paper on 1984 by George Orwell
The book, 1984 by George Orwell presents the ways, demands, and rules of the totalitarians in their quest to lead a political territory. Through the life experiences of the people working for the totalitarian regimes like Winston, a character in the book, Orwell exposes the challenges of totalitarianism. Totalitarianism represents the system of leadership or government where power is centralized at the helm of the system and uses its authority to supervise the movement of every individual within their territory. In the book, 1984, the Party controls the life of every person through dictatorial means that suppress them of democratic rights and freedoms (George, 4). Totalitarianism achieves its objectives through torture, suppression, and putting the lives of those who conform to dangers, whether conformity is good or bad.
The Dangers of Totalitarianism Conformity
The totalitarian government uses all the available power to monitor the movement of everyone within their territories. The government, through the use of technologies, watch the everyday life activities of people. The kind of torture, oppression, and frustration that the totalitarian government exposes those who do things contrary to their beliefs strikes fear and horror in the people. Even with the notion that the undertakings of the Party are dreadful and weary, people fear to break loose and act wishfully and rationally. For instance, Winston suffers in the hands of the Party which practices totalitarianism in the Oceania.
Winston, being a follower of the Party, though a low ranking member, has no options but to undertake all that the Big Brother instructs. Every member of the Party acts to realize its objectives, whether wishfully or forcefully (George, 17). In his narration, Winston regrets having followed the Party being that the Party uses its authority to restrict the people’s behavior and actions through threats, instill fear, and torturing those who fail to comply. The Party uses telescreens on the conformers to dictate their movements. Winston expresses frustration on how the Party prohibits the expression of free thought, individuality, and sex among the members. The people are deprived of the fundamental human rights making them feel inhuman and frustrated for they cannot realize their human desires.
Through the totalitarian approach to leadership, the Party directs and uses Winston to manipulate the history of Oceania to suit the desires and needs of the Party. The move intends to portray the Party as non-evil and right in the history books (George, 42). The history reveals that the Party has been in good relationship with the people and tackling people’s desires rather than being their oppressor as the uninfluenced historical background explains. Winston only works to give the Party a better reputation so that citizens do not gang against and oppose the Party. The authority to manipulate everything in their favor puts the people in a lot of danger following the choreographed history and make wrong decisions to support the totalitarian Party that uses all its powers to oppress the poor.
The totalitarian Party discriminates the people on different social classes even those serving the Party passionately. When Winston traveled with his girlfriend, Julia to meet O’Brien, who was an insider member to Party, reveals that O’Brien lives a better life compared to Winston (George, 34). O’Brien lives a more comfortable life that Winston dreams of and cannot acquire. O’Brien enjoys the resources that the Party grabbed from the public. These resources were not evenly distributed to the people as those who close to the leadership acquired more wealth than those in the outer membership. O’Brien, having been allocated more resources by the Party, lived a better life than Winston, who was from the external membership. Those from the inner membership were given more powers and could command the junior members of the public without consulting the hierarchy.
Totalitarian leadership requires for a government to pass laws, policies, actions and orders for the emergency or military instances. Governments use authoritarian means to give commands and supervise the movements of their people for security reasons. People conform to totalitarianism to realize certain governance objectives such as laws protecting sovereignty and peace missions. The conformity of citizens to totalitarianism ensures that governance purposes are accomplished without opposition and effectively. However conforming to totalitarianism deprives people of essential human rights that they deserve. Those who conform may not break out of the tyranny and have independent minds; otherwise, they would be punished for violating the laws that the Big Brother sets. Conformity is also wrong when those who comply are psychologically manipulated, lied to by the Party, and denied basic resources for human survival to ensure that they conform forever.
Totalitarianism has its challenges on the people who conform to the undertakings of the totalitarians. For the authoritarian Party to achieve its objectives in Oceania, those who conform must be dictated, frustrated, threatened, tortured, and manipulated. The dangers of totalitarianism involve deprivation of the fundamental human rights, autonomy and individuality of mind, controlled social space, and dictated movements and actions. Winston, a character in the novel, 1984, reveals his chronicles with the totalitarian, Party, he regrets having followed the Big Brother.