Principals are accountable for efficient running of their schools in terms of learning, growth, as well as development of both students and staff. Bringing significant development in students and encouraging effectiveness among teachers should be the most essential qualities for principals. Principals should be evaluated in terms of planning, communication, follow-ups, expectations, delegation of duties, time management and balancing of duties. Consistency and fairness in the implementation of curriculum are also vital when evaluating principals. Although leadership is a vital feature for principals, principal evaluation systems should capitalize on the capacity of principals to enhance student achievement, as well as motivating teachers to produce desirable outcomes.
Principals should be gauged on their success by how they enhance professional growth and learning among themselves. Although principals vary in leadership styles, temperament, as well as in tactical approach, some features must be common in all principals. Such features include responsibility for school success, being in the forefront in teaching and learning, developing and retaining best teachers, and facilitating in building a pleasant strong school community.
Principals should demonstrate strategic leadership qualities by developing the vision and mission of the schools that they run. They should ensure that plans are in place to support improved academic attainments, as well as developmental outcomes. Principals should be well informed of the challenges that their schools face so that they can devise tactics to meet those challenges. Although some schools may be experiencing challenges of inadequate funds, principals should demonstrate their dexterity in utilizing the available funds. They should set achievable goals and make sure that nothing interferes with the goals.
Principals should demonstrate that they could work with other staff in their schools to make decisions. They should exhibit the dimensions of extraversion, which include sociability, dominance, and expression of emotions (Day, 2014). Distributive leadership is essential in collaboration efforts that intend to enhance decision-making process. In terms of instructional leadership, principals should demonstrate knowledge of curriculum, as well as learning assessment. They should be aware of the students’ requirements and how they can assist students to manage time and to access learning resources.
Student development and accomplishments are critical aspects in the evaluation of principals. Monitoring of students should be quantified to enable state’s education department to appraise the school’s progress. Principals should demonstrate how they intervene when students are undergoing various difficulties in their studies, as well in personal life. Improving student performance requires competent teachers who respond adequately to student needs. Thus, principals should work on developing and retaining excellent teachers. They should find time to visit teachers in their classes to assess how teachers instill knowledge to students. This is the only way they can they can appreciate hardworking teachers, as well as pinpoint areas that need improvement.
Principals should be sensitive of how the overall school is progressing, as they endeavor to build a strong school community. A successful principal should mind about how teachers, parents, and students are relating to each other, as strong relationships are vital for the success of the school. Principals should have a plan on how parents can be welcomed in the school on certain occasions to discuss matters concerning students, as well as the overall development of the school. They should also allow parents to join committees that make decisions concerning the school development activities. Principals can seek teachers’ assistance when writing professional development goals for their schools as way to encourage teachers to become excellent leaders.
Commendations and Recommendations
Principals should be commended for enhancing discipline in schools despite some of them being untrained in this endeavor. Dealing with young people is always a challenge, but many principals have excelled in producing responsible citizens who are respected in the community. Principals serve as liaison between students and teachers; hence, their contribution is essential for school development. Their vision has assisted students to build careers while teachers rely on them when they need directions on how to handle students.
Evaluating principals can assist in the advancement of learning-centered schools, which hold every member of staff liable for enhancing success. Evaluators should ensure that the system they adopt for evaluation is understandable to all principals and has the capacity to enhance student achievement. Some layers of accountability should be scrapped to remove conflicts and to enable principals to develop their schools independently. Principals should encourage teachers to maintain their own data, which can assist in self-evaluation. Data can also be utilized to make plan for the next course of action.
Evaluation of school principals should focus on the capacity to enhance student outcomes, as well as professional growth among teachers. Evaluation intends to check on accountability, judgment, as well as capacity to make decisions (Day, 2014). Principals cannot attain these goals without having excellent leadership qualities. Leadership qualities are essential for principals to steer schools towards stipulated goals, as well as raising the schools’ standard in the community. Principals should never accept status quo, as society is always expectant. Thus, they should become result oriented.
Day, D. V. (2014). The Oxford handbook of leadership and organizations. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.