Sample Coursework Paper on Organizational Structure and Culture


The organizational structure in the school system is faced with several weaknesses that prevent successful running of the school. In other cases these weaknesses slow the achievement of success in different processes in the school. An example of a weakness experienced in the school systems include slow and less accurate coordination and communication in the school departments. Another weakness involves the limitation of head of departments to make some decisions. The heads are at times required to consult the overall leaders in the schools before making some crucial decisions (Lunenburg & Ornstein, 2012). Different departments may utilize or apply different priorities in resolving conflicts and this may end up overlooking the interests of the teachers, the students, or the parents. There also exists a weakness that involves transformations in different school organizations. These transformations may be difficult, costly, and untimely, even though they may be important to the school and the entire school system. These weaknesses in transformations of organizations may lead to failure of achieving the goals set for the transformations.


In an attempt to solve the weaknesses in organizational structure in the school the administration and the entire school fraternity requires to take several measures. There is a need to develop a quick and accurate method of coordination and communication in the departments. This would entail holding meetings, may be once per week, to communicate the development and any issues facing the departments among the heads of departments. The heads of department should be allowed to make decisions on some complex issues as they better suited to make decisions that affect their departments (Andes et al, 2002). This would b essential in reducing the time taken to come up with decisions or rather to solve problems more effectively. Similar priorities should be applied by all departments when resolving conflicts that may be facing the teachers, students or parents so as to avoid overlooking the interests of either of these groups. On the issue of transformation, prior and accurate planning should be carried out to ensure that all transformations are successful and that they achieve the set objectives.

Analysis of the organizational culture

Organizational cultures are important in the school system as they guide the morals and behaviors of all individuals in the school system. However organizational culture posses some weaknesses that require to be addressed to so as to attain and maintain their efficiency. One of the weaknesses that faces organizational culture is the fact that strong cultures are not desirable at all times. Strong cultures may at times be oppressive to different people in the school system (Lunenburg & Ornstein, 2012). For instance, strong cultures are oppressive to students. Another weakness that faces organizational culture is that some of these cultures are outdated in the sense that they have been passed by time. Such cultures hinder both behavioral and moral development of the students. The school system relationships and interactions tend to be determined by rules that are applicable to everyone. These rules are explicit and tend to drive all people, especially the students to one direction even though they may be harsh at times. Organizational cultures in the school are also aggressive and it stresses on achievement. This leads to the domination of competition and power is used to resolve conflicts (MacKevitt & Open University, (2006).


The school administration needs to ensure that the organizational cultures are not too strong and not too weak to prevent the oppression of a minority group, in this case the students. The administration should also abolish those cultures that are outdated or passed by time. Other cultures may be developed and enforced to ensure that the school is at par with the prevailing educational conditions. The school should give attention to relationships and obligations to determine the organizational cultures rather than just applying impartial rules. Lastly, rather than having aggressive organizational cultures in the school, it would a wise idea to emphasize relationships and solidarity and apply negotiation and compromise to solve conflicts (Sims & Sims, 2003).


Andes, J. O., Johns, R. L., Kimbrough, R. B., University of Florida., & United States. (2002). Changes in organizational structures of large school systems with special reference to problems of teacher militancy and organizational conflict. Gainesville: University of Florida.

Lunenburg, F. C., & Ornstein, A. C. (2012). Educational administration: Concepts and practices.

MacKevitt, D., & Open University. (2006). Public sector management: Theory, critique and practice. London [u.a.: Sage.

Sims, S. J., & Sims, R. R. (2003). Managing school system change: Charting a course for renewal. Greenwich, Conn.: Information Age Pub.