Sample Essay on Poverty Tourism

Connection between ethics and morality

Most people use the words morality and ethics interchangeably though the two terms have a difference that seems so arbitrary to many. Morals define individual’s character. Conversely, ethics defines a social system through which the morals are applied. This implies that ethics is more of the codes and standards of behaviours anticipated by certain groups of people in which the person belongs (Hall, 2007). The codes or standards could be social ethics, professional ethics, company ethics, national ethics or the ethics related to the family. Therefore, while the moral code of an individual is unchanging, the ethics they practice could be dependent.

The strategies administrators or public policy maker would use in addressing morality correlated with poverty tourism

According to Kraut (2006), poverty tourism should be part of ethical reflection in the current society. It can refer to cases whereby the tourist who are financially privileged make visits to communities that are impoverished with the ideal purpose of poverty witnessing. It is expected that the trip will improve poverty and be enlightening. Various strategies and policies can therefore, be put in place by administrators and public policy makers in addressing morality that is interlinked to poverty tourism. The strategies must, however, be based on policies that are affordable, secure, reliable and have results that are feasible.

Some of the strategies that can be used include:

Compensation justice

This depicts the moral principle in individuals. Every human deal and all parties involved must be remunerated fairly for the services provided. The compensation can be in terms of three forms: material compensation or direct financial compensation, indirect material or financial compensation (such as compensation by any of the non-state firm working in the area), and immaterial compensation (such as benefits gotten by destitute people by understanding that when they host tourists they are contributing towards reducing poverty).

Participative justice

All the parties should be consulted in any agreement decided and should give their consent. Participative should be founded on the notion that, what results from peoples’ transaction is satisfactory morally if those taking part have sanctioned them through consent. Using participative justice will enable the administrators in evaluating the schemes meant for draft compensation. Those who wait to be compensated have to benefit from the schemes. Participative justice can be enhanced through tacit consent and express consent.

Recognition justice

Parties affected will always perceive a policy or a practice as unfair if the practices or policies have more privileges to other cultures compared to their culture without distinct explanation as to why (Holden, 2013). Therefore, it would be imperative for administrators to offer explanations as to why certain cultures get more favours compared to others.

How liberal and libertarian public policy makers and public administrators might approach the issue of poverty tourism

Liberal public administrators might approach the issue of poverty tourism based on the idea of equality and liberty. The administrators might give out different views based on their comprehension of various principles, but basically they support notions and ideas relating to fair and free election, freedom of religions, rights to property, life, among others. On the other hand, libertarian public policy makers and public administrators might approach the issue of poverty tourism by minimizing coercion. In addition, they can stress on voluntary association, liberty and freedom. They also advocate for leadership and society that have less government involvement (Scheyvens, 2011

References

Hall, C. M. (2007).Pro-poor tourism: Who benefits?: perspectives on tourism and poverty reduction. Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Holden, A. (2013). Tourism, poverty and development. New York: Routledge.

Kraut, R. (2006).The Blackwell guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.

Scheyvens, R. (2011). Tourism and poverty. New York: Routledge.