Sample Essay on L400 2

What is “agroforestry”?

Agroforestry is the deliberate planting of trees into crops along with animal farming systems in order to create economic, social, and environmental benefits.

2) What brought about the shift in development priorities from gardens to agroforestry?

The major factor that caused the transitioning in development priorities from gardens to agroforestry was the drought predicaments that Gambia was experiencing. Furthermore, Gambia was facing a continued spell of short rains in food production, in spite of the varied and frequent developmental endeavors to spruce up the nation’s agrarian economy

3) What made tree planting attractive to men ? Why did women not embrace it?

Tree planting became attractive to men since it was a mechanism that favored them in regaining control and possession of their lands. The nation’s court had defended the women’s right to fence their land, but stated that trees would not be planted on these lands without prior permission from the male landowners. This made the women feel less wanted, and they would therefore not embrace the tree planting.

4) Why were the effects of the implementation of agroforestry not the same for all women gardeners?

The effects of the implementation of agroforestry was not the same for all women since some were not willing to take part in the maintenance of the tree planting program while others took part fully. This who took part willingly was because they received personal benefits from the project. Those who resisted were later forced to work as slaves in watering the landholder’s seedlings

5) What lessons can analysts, and development practitioners learn from the case examples of the different gardens ?

The development practitioners and analysts can learn on the importance of monitoring the particular environmental intervention forms that had taken shape in Gambia and the rest of West Africa. For every form bears with it its pattern of constraints and opportunities, its signature set of asset dynamics, and typical systems for labor management.

6a) What might donors and state agencies have done before launching into the promotion of agroforestry?

Donors and state agencies would have come to grips and understood the environment as well as the situation at hand concerning ownership of land in the Gambia and the existing mayhem. In addition, they would have thought of the prospect of the gullible application of their ideas and their consequences.

  1. b) Is there anything they could have done to mitigate the social tensions that arose once tree planting got underway?

The state agencies would have advocated women’s right to be respected by their male counterparts. No one should have been allowed to work as a slave with no benefit or rights to harvest fruit from their land.