Sample Research Paper on Criminal Justice

Due to the unexpected happenings of most disasters, it is important to ensure that adequate planning is carried out to avoid their adverse effects. Terrorism requires the public and the security to have measures in place on how to counter its chances of happening. The ability of the Metropolis FL to address the risks associated with terrorism is directly related to the preparedness of all the members of the community, levels of government, organizations, and individual residents.

The areas in which resilient plan would work best include cyber terrorism, environmental destruction, civil disturbances, and bomb threats which entail hoaxes. This plan involves prevention and protection against the occurrence of these threats. Reactionary plans would be best applied in cases of chemical releases, nuclear release that would cause radioactive elements, and biological agent release. The plan is dedicated to the long-term effects and consequences of a disaster. Best applied after the disaster has hit, they include the recovery and mitigation processes. Strategic drivers such as rapid technological change, globalization, and changing cyber environments create avenues and vulnerabilities that terrorists exploit. There is also a proliferation of sophisticated weapons, migration of people, and ideas that have led to the diversification of terrorism. The fight against this vies is by building and adopting a comprehensive, flexible, and forward-looking plan that is efficient and effective in tackling the ever-changing threat environment.

Building resilience against terrorism is prescribed by four mutually supporting elements: prevention is meant to curtail individuals from engaging in terrorism. It is mostly in the public buildings, assembly areas, and infrastructure system where the planning is to be deployed. This is meant to foster Metropolis FL to be resistant to violent extremismv (Ayyub et al, 2007). The prevention element is meant to be facilitated by working with individuals and communities to counter violent extremes. Detection is the next element whose purpose is to detect the activities of individuals and organizations that may pose a terrorist threat. This is enhanced by having effective data collection, analysis and dissemination centers of usable intelligence. Denying terrorists the means and opportunity to carry out their activities is the third element. This is facilitated by working internationally in order to curtail the movement of the terrorists and their acquisition of weapons. Therefore, terrorist activities are identified early before they are executed and response to it is proportionate, rapid and in on organized manner to reduce terrorist activities and mitigate their effects (Bushberg et al, 2007). The respond element is meant to build a resilient Metropolis FL that is able to bounce back and recover quickly when the terrorist incidences do happen. This is well done by having operational centers that are mandated to provide services to support overall security organs

The reactionary plans for metropolis FL exacerbate the financial repercussion faced by an already affected area. This include government subsidies to the affected, health services, mentorship programs to help the mentally inflicted and the rebuilding plans meant to ensure the survivors are brought to their positions. The areas of particular interest include the Overseas Highway Bridge, coast guard stations, government facilities that have historically been targets of terrorism, medical facilities, and emergency services such as hospitals. Tourist facilities are not spared either as the state boast a number of them such as the Jewish community Centre.They host many major events which attract a  mammoth of people who participate in various activities such as fishing competitions, poker runs, boat races and many others. Telecommunications and radio stations are also main areas that the plan is dedicated to. These are the networks and systems that do support the exchange and transmission of electronic communications. They become prime targets due to their nature of information transmission hence susceptible to cyber terrorism.

All these areas become targets of the plan due to the threat attached to them and the consequences that may arise as a result of happening of terrorist activities. The government facilities and the infrastructure are of major concern due the implication it would have on the economy of the state if affected. Cyber terrorism on the networks and system has also a greater impact as finances and important files may be lost to unscrupulous people. Social places have to be safeguarded at all cost sue to the high number of population that may lead to massive loss of lives if not taken care of.

The plan underpins its mission strategy in four areas towards its preparedness in tackling terrorism; the areas include prevention or protection, response, recovery and mitigation. Prevention is focused on actions to protect citizens or residents, critical assets and infrastructure against malicious intent and prevent credible acts of terrorism. Response is dedicated towards ensuring the state’s ability to effectively respond to threat and stabilize the situation. Recovery is focused on the revitalization and restoration of infrastructure to its normal operation after the happening of an incident of terrorism (Waugh, 2005). This deals with the affected be it the social and economic life of the victims of the disaster. Mitigation is meant to reduce the impacts and consequences of the hazard.

The plan is more of a resilient one, which has to facilitate on how to prevent or protect against the happening of a terrorist activity. This is by ensuring that a center is put in place that oversees the emergency management. The creation of resilient community ensures that intelligence and information to terrorist is hard to get and avoiding inflexible operational routines. The department’s role is having an oversight on how to curb all sorts of terrorist activities by identifying, handling, avoiding, and responding to the risks. It will involve the community towards an attempt to manage hazards that lead to disasters. The plan will also facilitate the process of identifying policies, tools, and resources needed towards this course.  It will also entail the use of reactionary means, as it has to incorporate support needed by those affected as well as the rebuilding initiative. The plan will incorporate a global strategy of cooperation with other states, as terrorism is a global threat.

To conclude, the paper has discussed major planning required in disaster management and their relationship to disaster management at Metropolis FL. The plan is devoted to creating a comprehensive emergency management team that has defined roles and responsibilities so as to ensure that in case of terrorist attack each team knows the part to play. This avoids confusion with the federal authority on the jurisdiction procedure to be followed. The plan is hence to consolidate the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the regional law enforcement agencies to ensure a quick response in shunning terrorist activities. The plan is to enhance an integrated defense system structure of curbing terrorism of any nature (Perry et al, 2003). Cooperation and partnership between the agencies ensures seamless flow of information that is shared between the security agencies, which is essential towards addressing terrorist threats.Creating a resilient Metropolis FL is one that is able to mitigate the consequences of terrorist attack threat by ensuring a quick recovery and back to the ordinary business.


Ayyub, B. M., McGill, W. L., & Kaminskiy, M. (2007). Critical Asset and Portfolio Risk Analysis: An All‐Hazards Framework. Risk Analysis, 27(4), 789-801.

Bushberg, J. T., Kroger, L. A., Hartman, M. B., Leidholdt, E. M., Miller, K. L., Derlet, R., & Wraa, C. (2007). Nuclear/radiological terrorism: emergency department management of radiation casualties. The Journal of emergency medicine, 32(1), 71-85.

Perry, R. W., & Lindell, M. K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: guidelines for the emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.

Waugh Jr, W. L. (2005). Terrorism and the all-hazards model. Journal of Emergency Management, 2(1), 8-10.