Crime Prevention (U2)
Crime prevention includes all the activities that are meant to prevent a crime from taking place. The main aim of these activities is to address the fear of crime. The criminal justice system works in a number of ways in preventing a crime from taking place. The justice systems ensure that the severity of punishment is directly related to the seriousness of the crime. Criminals who commit serious crimes are punished more than those who commit petty offenses (Lab, 2010). The other way is that the criminal justice imposes sanctions meant to show the public the abhorrence of the crime committed. This can be said to be a symbol that the society considers to be of great seriousness. Those who have been found guilty of committing a crime are imprisoned. Through the society beliefs that those who have been imprisoned would change behavior so that they will not commit any crime in the future. The criminal justice is also responsible for determining the punishments, which will ensure the criminal will not commit the crime in the future (Lazer, 2004). The criminal justice also imposes sanctions to those who are planning or those who have committed the crime. Finally, the criminal justice ensures that there is compensation for the victims for the injury caused.
In crime prevention, there are a number of components involved. The first component is known as inclination, which describes the motivation or desire of a person to commit a crime. For example, anger, jealousy, revenge, and financial gain ((Keita, 2013). This kind of component involves the mental process of the individual. That is the reason it is the most difficult component when it comes to crime prevention. Asset is the second component, which entails something that is to be gained by committing a crime. In normal situation, assets are termed as tangible goods. However, they can also be abstract objects or intangible. For example, in murder, the victim is said to be an asset (Keita, 2013). When there is an explosion in a building, it could involve multiple assets. Opportunity is another component of crime prevention because most crimes take place when the criminals get the right chance to act. All these components take place at a time when criminals discover that they can commit the crime successfully with minimal risks of being arrested.
Traditional policing was meant to separate politics from the police to be able to hold them accountable to the law. Traditional policing has enabled the police to have a narrow range of intervention. The effectiveness of traditional policing is that the suspect is not harassed since it ensures that the law is strictly adhered to. However is has faced a number of criticism in that in many instances, consent is not given. The advanced methods of policing have incorporated more technology than before in fighting crime (Cheyard, 2012).
There are a number of institutions where crime prevention programs and practices are delivered. Prison is one institution where people who have committed crimes are locked in so that they are able to reform (Wortley, 2002). In this institution, criminals undergo a number of programs, which enable them to acquire skills that will reform them. Religious institutions are also involved in crime prevention programs and practices. People are taught the importance of living a life that will not cause harm to other people. Finally, rehabilitation centers are another example of institutions, which help to stay away from crime (Schneider, 2007).
Cheyard, G. (2012). The Disparity between Traditional and Community Policing – Heritage Newspaper Liberia.
Keita, V. (2013, April 23). The three components and their role in crime prevention – Heritage Newspaper Liberia.
Lab, S. P. (2010). Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices and Evaluations. Burlington: Elsevier Science.
Lazer, D. (2004). DNA and the criminal justice system: The technology of justice. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Schneider, S. (2007). Refocusing crime prevention: Collective action and the quest for community. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Wortley, R. (2002). Situational prison control: Crime prevention in correctional institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.