Sample Coursework Paper on Administration of Justice

Task Environment in the criminal justice system is the constrains in the environment that affect goal setting and goal directed actions which is comprised of six categories including;

  • Funders
  • Legitimizers
  • Competitors

Funders are the agencies including the government bodies who are actively involved in the provision and distribution of the scarce resources to public agencies. For smoothing running of agencies there must be sufficient cash flow that will be used to facilitate the plans and goals that have been set by the agency. Before releasing the funds, funders revise the budget of the agency which they present when they making a financial request.

Competitors are the individuals who compete for the limited resources available; this competition helps to ensure that the public is offered quality services.

Legitimizers are the legislations, training, and educational requirements; legitimization can be sourced from a professional organization. They ensure that the set standards are met and the individuals are equipped with the necessary skills in criminal justice.

Power is the ability and the potential that is held by an individual or group to decide what will be undertaken by other groups or individuals, while authority is viewed as the rightful use of power. Power operates and exercises its impact even without the rightful authority to influence the behavior of other people. Hence power stresses stern obedience while authority is falling in line with directives required for attaining a common objective. Since power influences the behavior and the trends of others, for a judicial process to be administered succefully, power will be the best remedy.

The environmental forces that affect criminal justice can be regulated in order to keep in line with the different types of environments. Criminal justice agencies should;

  • Provide expertise to the environmental factors
  • They should use symbols and public speaking to control the environment
  • They should act in response to the demands brought in by the clients
  • They should create a self-sufficiency system that will help to relieve pressure

Psychological screening; where any negative behavior that is detected in a recruit or characteristics that are not in line with the peer group are tamed so that the individual can be able to fit in the group.

Police subculture; this is a training that equips the recruits with techniques that are used in the facility, hence the uniformity of the group.

Policy implications; this plays a role when hiring a recruit with a criminal record history, the way he or she will be handled and the way they will be integrated to the group.

Improvement in the judicial making process will involve producing similar conclusion for related situations and making decisions that are correct while maintaining common sense


Stojkovic, S., Kalinich, D. & KLofas, J. (2014). Criminal Justice Organizations: Administration and Management. Cengage Learning rid=poTAAgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Criminal+Justice+Organizations,+administration+and+Management%22+by+S.Stojkovic+,+D.Kalinich,+and+J.+Klofas+,+5th+edition&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Tyj0VL2BKMbbU7qxgLAB&ved=0CBsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Criminal%20Justice%20Organizations%2C%20administration%20and%20Management%22%20by%20S.Stojkovic%20%2C%20D.Kalinich%2C%20and%20J.%20Klofas%20%2C%205th%20edition&f=false