List and briefly discuss four exceptions to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
Hazard wastes are exempted as long as they are subject to being regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency. The EPA places such classifications under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
Such products include: consumer products. In the HCS, consumer products are identified as those products that are manufactured and made use for the purpose that they were intended for originally. They are also considered as consumer products if they are utilized in the frequency that the consumer expects.
Wood and wood products are exempted when the owner is able to provide proof that flammability and combustion are the only hazards that they would cause to employees. Particulates not otherwise regulated (PNOR) are also exempted to the Safety Data Sheet requirements of the HCS. This exemption is applicable only if without the existence of evidence that the particulates are a health or physical hazard from manufacturer or other stakeholder studies.
Articles are also exempted to the SDS requirements of the Hazard Communications Standard (HCS). An item is considered as an article if when in use, it only generates minimal amounts of hazardous chemicals (Haight, 2013).
What requirements must a company meet if deciding to make SDSs available electronically?
Companies are required to ensure that the electronic storage terminals that contain the MSDS are on employee work areas. Such positioning would ensure that employees can be able to access anytime that they would need to. There are companies that the material available electronically on their websites so that employees can be able to download the pdf format and read up on the information. Most companies with such provisions use the Microsoft access database software. This has been cited as being prone to mistakes since changes that are recommended would have to be updated in a manual manner. Companies should use the electronic methods for storage that are within their resources and those in use by other companies in the industry. Companies should also use software that is in use by other companies because most likely they are using them because they are convenient for use (Haight, 2013).
For hazard communication training to be considered effective, what does each employee need to understand upon completing training?
Each employee needs to understand the risks and hazards of the chemicals that they work with so that they can be able to make informed decisions. Tests and quizzes can be used as a measure of comprehension of trained content. However, critics cite that this might only serve as an indication that individuals are good at taking tests and might not be an effective tool of measuring comprehension of learned content. A post test review should be conducted to assess comprehension of essential information after a first test has been carried out. One of the most reliable ways of measuring comprehension would be to physically approach employees while at their work stations and ask them about the ways and means they would use to protect themselves in particular situations given different chemicals. They should be asked about different chemicals and hazards and how to find MSDSs. The questions should be phrased in a different manner to ensure that they read or listened and understood taught content. This opportunity should be used as a learning opportunity by further expounding on technical terms that employees might not have understood before (Russell, 2012).
What information must be on labels of containers holding hazardous chemicals.
There is some information that should be contained on the labels of containers holding hazardous chemicals. Such information includes product identifier, signal word, pictogram, hazard statements, precautionary statements and supplier information. Such information is critical in ensuring that employees remain safe at the company. By being able to identify the hazardous material, the management and employees ensure that no careless mistakes and accidents take place. Through vivid understanding of labels on containers, companies can also be able to have better compliance to health and manufacturing standard agencies for better compliance (Haight, 2013).
According to the Hazard Communication Standard, what employees need to be trained, and when do they need to be trained?
Anyone in the company that deals with hazardous chemicals must be trained on the proper use of the chemicals. Such employees include those departments such as procurement, storing, usage and disposing. Such training will ensure that involved employees can be able to easily understand the content and purpose of chemicals in their organization. The safety of employees in the company will be better since they will have thorough knowledge and understanding of the chemicals used in the company (Russell, 2012).
Haight, J. M. (Ed.). (2013). Hazardous material management and hazard communication. Des
Plaines, IL: American Society of Safety Engineers.
Russell Roy, K. (2012). The NTSA Ready- Reference Guide to Safer science. Virginia: NTSA