The Mid-Southern district has a total population of 625,400 people, and it covers an area of approximately 850 sq km. The district constitutes about forty towns and villages, among them being alderman town, Woolen town, Coal town, etc. the district relies on its hospitals for healthcare advancement for its occupants. The district has poor economic conditions, as there are minimal growth sectors within it. However, some level of growth has been experienced in Alderman town in the recent years, where the local economy of the town is improving. Other towns neighboring Alderman town are faced with great challenges as a result of economic decline plus the by-pass of new jobs. Some towns e.g. coal and chemical towns are faced with the problem of unemployment, low wages, and a subsequent low-skill economy. The low skill economies experienced in the districts are as a result of very low proportions of high skilled workers and very high proportions of low-skilled workers.
The western part of the district has higher employment opportunities compared to the eastern part. The chances of employment in the western part have caused the movement of families to this region, making it highly populated than the eastern region of the district. The movement in population has led to an increase in the number of children and middle-aged population in the Alderman and the West. This contrasts the population in the East where there is a decrease in the working age population and also the overall population. The eastern part of the Mid-southern district has a large population of over 65 years, and it also experiences deprivation, with Alderman Town East and Coal Town South having largest proportions of deprived areas. Modest wage and skill economy appear to triumph in the district, e.g. local companies are adversely investing in communication and technology. Mid southern district faces problems of supply and demand in its local labor market. Woolen town has a poor qualified labor force, with 28% of its workers having no formal skills while 20.7% are highly skilled. This is as a result of the general low growth of high skilled demand sectors. The level of education in the district is low, although there are vivid local improvements in the sector. Woolen Town West and Coal town are disadvantaged in respect to the clustering of local government wards, where most of their population rely on means tested benefits.