Background and Identification of the Problem
Emiratization Program is the United Arab Emirates’ government initiative to offer employment to its citizens in an effective and meaningful manner in its public and private fields. The program was induced as a result of a severe shortage of native workforce in the UAE’s Economic sector. With the increased number of foreign workers in the UAE as a result of an early liberal migration policy, unemployment among the UAE nationals rose making the government come up with this program as a remedy for its natives. It is explicit that the program has aided the government in reducing unemployment and protecting the interest of its citizens. However, there is a need for the government to ascertain how effective the program is, by measuring the program’s success.
The project will, therefore, examine the Emiratization Program by clearly identifying its impact on both the public and the private sector. It will also study the rates of unemployment in the country since the program was implemented with the intent of ascertaining whether the program is working towards achieving its goals. The purpose of the project is to determine the success levels of this program in ensuring that the local people are employed in the country’s economic sector. An exploration of both the public and private sectors in UAE in terms of the composition of human resource will clearly offer the current situation which will be compared to those prior to initiation of the program thereby determination of the success.
In order to accomplish the goals of this project, I will assess the effectiveness of the Emiratization program as honed in the course of the past decade along with the main difficulties experienced. I will also be examining various scholarly literature with both primary and secondary sources. I will also utilize various methodologies in ascertaining information from various sectors of the economy. I will use both primary and secondary sources will be utilized in processing the required data for this project. Consequently, I will analyze and interpret the ascertained information to come up with the conclusion on whether the policy is working towards achieving its main goals.
Review of Project
Despite the fact that the program has been running for more than a decade in the region, its results can only be noticed in the public sector. The UAE’s private sector is somehow lagging behind with underrepresentation of the citizens in the human resource. As indicated in the program implementation plan, its objectives were to ensure that the natives are absorbed into the nation’s economic sector that includes both the public and the private sectors as a strategy of reducing unemployment. Considering the current representation in the sectors, there rises a lot of questions in regard to the effectiveness of the program, considering that a lot of finances have been injected into it. This part thereby summarizes and reviews the findings of six studies on the effectiveness of the Emiratization Policy.
The purpose of Al-Waqfi & Forstenlechner’s research (2013) was to examine the role of the Emiratization program by studying the design and the environment to determine its effectiveness. The study notes that the UAE had induced a liberal migration policy that saw a lot of foreigners joining their economic sector. As such there was an increased number of unemployed locals in the subsequent years that propelled the government to adopt the Emiratization policy. The data of the study was obtained through interviews whereby thirty-two senior managers and other employees from the economic sector participated. The results of Al-Waqfi & Forstenlechner’s study revealed several challenges facing the program. Among the identified challenges were illiteracy among the locals that made most employers to prefer foreigners as opposed to the locals. It is from these challenges that recommendations that were meant to reduce the rate of unemployment that were offered (Al-Waqfi & Forstenlechner, 2013).
Randeree (2009) notes that nationalism of the human resource department is the desire of the leaders of the nations that form the Gulf Cooperation Council. In his study, Randeree ascertains that the Emiratization policy has been faced with challenges in its implementation. As per this study, the difficulties were as a result of the demographic imbalance, overreliance of expatriate employment, and high rates of illiteracy among the nationals. The research concentrated on Emiratization with the intent of determining its success as well as its shortcomings. The study ascertained that the policy was working better in the public sector as opposed to the private sector. The study clearly indicates that the program is not effectively implemented and thereby offered various recommendations. The study recommended the formulation of strict measures to govern the private sector so as to ensure the policy was performing towards the attainment of effectiveness (Randeree, 2009).
Alabdelkarim, Muftah, & Hodgson’s research (2014) examined the effect of Emiratization on issues of the job description. The study revealed that there exists a lot of issues, which are associated with the industrialized nation. For instance, employees who do not master their job description are subjected to perform any task within their working environments. As a result, many businesses and firms were making losses due to lack of the required expertise of human resource. The study revealed that Emiratization was the major contributor to the downfall that is experienced in these firms. The study further tried to examine the various measures that were initiated by the government and the enterprises in the private sector to overcome such challenges. The research, therefore, revealed that the Emiratization policy was associated with various issues that were undermining the economic sector of UAE. It further recommended that the government should ensure the levels of education among the nationals should be improved.
Modarress, Ansari, & Lockwood’s research (2013) examined the Emiratization policy right from its formulation to its current implementation. The research ascertained that unemployment was still a problem in the UAE’s public and private sectors despite the policy being in action for more than a decade. Modarress, Ansari, & Lockwood (2013) further noted that by the year 2010, the unemployment rate among the Emiratis was 12.7%. The high rate of unemployment was as a result of UAE’s overreliance in foreign expertise. However, the study does not rely on empirical data but rather published government reports, survey questionnaires, and interviews with various human resource officials from both the private and the public sectors. The study’s findings indicated that factors such as lack of highly skilled personnel contributed to the current disparity between the policy’s performance and its intended outcomes.
The purpose of Al‐Ali’s research (2008) was to examine the Emiratization policy along with its antecedents as per the working conditions, effects on the private sector, and job specifications. The study examined the literature on capital forecasters to determine the dimensions in the economic and social fabric of the UAE. The research utilized both qualitative and quantitative surveys that covered twenty top-ranked personnel from the private and public sectors. Al‐Ali found that the difficulties facing Emiratization includes low literacy skills among the locals, language barrier, and lack of trust by employers on locals. However, Al‐Ali considered these findings to be preliminary and emphasized on the need for carrying out further research. The research also recommended that the government should pay more attention to ensuring its citizens are accessing the required education facilities.
Forstenlechner et al.’s research (2012) examined the factors that affect the recruitment decisions among the UAE employers. The study revealed that the Arab Gulf’s economic sector and more especially the labor market was overhauled. The study employed quantitative methods in determining the recruitment decisions of various employers in both the private and public sectors. The research collected opinions of 250 personnel within the UAE economic sector in the determination of the factors behind recruitment decisions. The findings of the study revealed that level of skills and know-how is the major factor that facilitates most recruitment decisions. Most UAE nationals are incompetent for most jobs thereby making it hard for the employers, to achieve the goals of the Emiratization Policy.
The main question my project proposal seeks to address is: How effective has Emiratization program been in addressing its set objectives of solving unemployment? There are four sub-questions that contribute to the main question: (1) what is the proportion of UAE nationals in its public and private sector? (2) Are the employers following the policy in the recruitment process? (3) What is the current situation of unemployment among the UAE nationals?
Overview of Data Collection Methods
The data regarding how successful the Emiratization policy is will be collected through interviews, surveys, and questionnaires. The information will be then supported by other secondary research methods such as the literature reviews from earlier scholarly articles and statistical documents from the relevant bodies. It is my wish that these methods will be able to offer the required data that will be interpreted to offer the progress of the program towards achieving its goals.
I will conduct three main sets of interviews. The first one will be a one-on-one interview with the employers in both public and private firms. Through this interview, I will be able to get data on how well is the policy implemented. I will also carry out another interview with the employees of various firms including the public and private sectors. The employees will definitely offer information regarding the recruitment practices by their employers. Finally, I will carry out an interview to unemployed UAE nationals so as to get the primary information concerning the challenges they are facing while trying to secure a job. The purpose of these three sets of interviews is to obtain primary information on the progress of the policy considering that these are the most critical participants of the UAE economy.
I will write emails to the employers and concerned parties so as to set the interview dates. The interviews will be open-ended so as to give the interviewees a chance to offer their opinions. The interviews will be unstructured and will take the format of question and response so as to be time sensitive. During the interviews, I will make short notes but will not record the interview for confidentiality and security issues. The interviews will take place at the interviewee’s respective workplaces. The questions of the interview will be framed in such a way that they answer the main question of the research.
The second method of data collection will be from a survey. I, with the aid of specialties in data collection department will prepare a survey that will appear on electronic and hard copy platforms. The survey will be set in both online and hardcopy platforms. The survey will integrate a questionnaire that will be framed in such a way that it will offer information that will answer the central question. The data from the surveys will thereafter be analyzed and compared to the one obtained from the interviews.
Overview of How Data Will be Used
There is a close, and direct relationship between each research question and the data that will be obtained from the above methodologies answers the questions. Concerning the question on what proportion of UAE locals in the employment sector will be clearly answered by the secondary sources in the form of documents. The data will be compared to that of the previous years. As such, it will be able to contribute to answering the main project question.
Consequently, the data that to be collected through the interview and the survey will be useful in answering the other sub-questions. The interview will, for instance, reveal whether the employers are considering the Emiratization program in their recruitment process. By answering this sub-question, I will be progressing towards answering the main question. Besides, the employees’ interviews will be able to contribute towards answering the question on whether the firms are carrying out their recruitment in alignment with the policy.
In regard to sub question three, the secondary methodologies will be able to offer the required data. I will obtain the current unemployment status from the relevant body in the country. The information will be analyzed with the aim of answering the question. The data will, therefore, be compared to the previous data thereby ascertaining the impact of the program on unemployment of UAE nationals. As such, the central question of the project will be answered.
The interpreted data will be collectively analyzed to answer the main question. The data from each subquestion will be keenly interpreted and compared to the previous performance to ascertain the impact of the program on the unemployment status of the locals. As such, the project will be working towards fulfilling its set goals.
The Proposed Time Frame for the Project
I expect to carry out the proposed project within a duration of four months. I believe this duration is enough to enable me to carry out the required research to ascertain the required data that will lead me towards achieving the set goals. I will adore with this proposed timeframe so as to provide the complete the proposed project as planned.
|Draft of introduction, literature review, and methods||September 23||X|
|Interview with selected employers, employees, and unemployed||October 10|
|Writing interview transcript||November 6|
|Revised draft of the project literature review||November 22|
|Revised draft of the project methods||December 4|
|Revised draft of the project introduction||December 10|
|Draft of the project findings (Research questions and data)||December 28|
|Draft of the project data analysis||January 10|
|Revised draft of the project findings||January 17|
|Revised draft of the project data analysis||January 25|
|Provision of sources||February 3|
|Gathering Appendices||February 5|
|Compiling the project report||February 10|
|Handing in the final copy||February 20|
Alabdelkarim, A., Muftah, M., & Hodgson, S. (2014). The impact of Emiratisation on job description issues. MEJB, 9(2),
Al‐Ali, J. (2008). Emiratisation: drawing UAE nationals into their surging economy. International Journal of Sociology And Social Policy, 28(9/10), 365-379.
Al-Waqfi, M. & Forstenlechner, I. (2013). Barriers to Emiratization: the role of policy design and institutional environment in determining the effectiveness of Emiratization. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(2), 167-189
Forstenlechner, I., Madi, M., Selim, H., & Rutledge, E. (2012). Emiratisation: determining the factors that influence the recruitment decisions of employers in the UAE. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(2), 406-421.
Modarress, B., Ansari, A., & Lockwood, D. (2013). Emiratisation: from policy to implementation.International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, 13(2/3), 188.
Randeree, K. (2009). Strategy, policy and practice in the nationalisation of human capital:‘project emiratisation’. Research and Practice in Human Resource Management, 17(1), 71-91.