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Sample Argumentative Essay on the Size of the Federal Government

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Sample Argumentative Essay on the Size of the Federal Government

Introduction

The ratification of the American constitution in 1787 by our founding fathers in Philadelphia did not solve all political problems in the USA. Instead, it in a way gave rise to innumerable debates that politicians face today regarding the size of the federal government. Back then, the founding fathers saw it necessary to form a federal government that could unite the Americans and end colonialism. However, after forming this government, they realized it was weak because it could not enforce laws, facilitate tax collection or institute a monetary system in the USA.[1] As a way of addressing these challenges, the congress was formed. The congress comprised of the House of Representatives and the senate. To date each state has two senators in the senate while the number of representatives in the House of Representatives depends on states’ populations.[2] This research therefore looks into the fact that even if the founding fathers addressed this issue by forming the senate and house of representative, today there are challenges when allocating responsibilities and employees to the federal government.

Summary

In a bid to gain independence from the British colonists, the founding fathers opted to unite. Accordingly, they resolved to form a federal government that could unite Americans. However, immediately America attained independence, it became apparent that most of these people had greater loyalty towards their home states than they had towards America as a whole.[3] Given this kind of loyalty, the federal government formed then was weak because it could not address some challenges amicably. To resolve this issue, fifty-five delegates from thirteen states met in Philadelphia. Just like today, the said delegates debated over this issue until they finally agreed to form the congress that comprised of two houses. The first house by the name senate comprised of two delegates from each state. The second house by the name house of representative did not have a fixed number of delegates because its number depended on the American citizens living in each state.[4]  

The consensus did not come easily because the anti-federalists were opposed to a strong federal government while the federalists favored a strong federal government. Anti-federalists argued that a strong government could impose huge taxes on citizens without their consent. Thomas Jefferson was one of such people and he opposed a strong federal government vehemently. On the contrary, Hamilton advocated for a strong federal government because according to him such a government was able to stimulate economic growth in the USA.[5]     

The constitution

The constitution addresses this issue by establishing that after every ten years, states should take census of their citizens. After taking census, the number of representatives in the house of representative from each state should be adjusted according to states’ population sizes through electoral processes.[6] This means that the number of representatives from each state in this house keeps on changing after every ten years based on the number of citizens living in that state. However, this does not mean that the size of house changes after every ten years, but it means that the number of representatives from each state keeps on changing depending on population size of the state.     

Current issue

Although the current debate on the size of the federal government does not directly address itself to the number of elected representatives in the House of Representatives, it directs itself to the number of employees as well as the tasks that federal government performs. Currently, the republicans want to reduce the size of the federal government by shifting some of its functions and responsibilities to state and local governments as well as to non-profit organizations and private sector.[7] On the other hand, the democrats defend the size of federal government by insisting that it should play more oversight duties than state and local governments should do. Of late, the issue of health has spurred such debate. On one hand, democrats advocate for a federal government that heads the health. On the other hand, republicans advocate for this responsibility to be shifted to local and state governments rather than leaving it to the federal government.[8] In other words, even if the constitution addresses the issue of the number of representatives that should represent states in the House of Representatives, the issue of the size of the federal government takes another shape in politics today.

The underpinnings of this debate have been the number of employees of the federal government as well as the responsibilities of the federal government. Those opposed to a strong federal government advocate for stronger state and local governments that can handle some responsibilities that federal government handles. On the contrary, those in favor of a strong federal government advocate for a federal government with more oversight functions.[9] This issue relates to the original issue in the sense that some politicians have stronger loyalty to their home states than they have to USA as a general.[10] Accordingly, these politicians advocate for stronger state and local governments.           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

Barker, David. Welcome to free America. Indiana: Free America Immigration Services Press, 2011.

Glasthal, Jacqueline. American history math: 50 problem-solving activities that link math to key events in U.S. history. New York, N.Y.: Scholastic Professional, 1996.

Miroff, Bruce et al. The democratic debate: American politics in an age of change. Stamford: Cengage learning, 2014.

Miroff, Bruce, Todd Swanstrom, and Raymond Seidelman. Debating democracy: a reader in American politics. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth, 2011.

Welch, Susan. Understanding American government. Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2012.

 

 

[1] Glasthal, Jacqueline. American history math: 50 problem-solving activities that link math to key events in U.S. history. (New York, N.Y.: Scholastic Professional, 1996), 31.

[2] Ibid, 32.

[3] Ibid, 31.

[4] Welch, Susan. Understanding American government. (Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2012), 5.

[5] Barker, David. Welcome to free America. (Indiana: Free America Immigration Services Press, 2011), v.

[6]Welch, Susan. Understanding American government. (Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2012), 6.

[7] Miroff, Bruce, Todd Swanstrom, and Raymond Seidelman. Debating democracy: a reader in American politics. (Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth, 2011), 222.

[8] Miroff, Bruce et al. The democratic debate: American politics in an age of change. (Stamford: Cengage learning, 2014), 46.

[9] Miroff, Bruce, Todd Swanstrom, and Raymond Seidelman. Debating democracy: a reader in American politics. (Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth, 2011), 222.

[10] Glasthal, Jacqueline. American history math: 50 problem-solving activities that link math to key events in U.S. history. (New York, N.Y.: Scholastic Professional, 1996), 31.

 

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