Sample Business Paper on Role of Demand Management as a Risk Diminishing Practice

Demand management and demand forecasting mean nothing else but the control and
administration of demand flow. In its operation, a company faces a wide variety of risks of
different nature, although since the purpose of every company is to generate revenues from
providing services and products to consumers, demand is highly significant for every producer. It
is a fact that operational strategies of many companies cannot be implemented in real time as
new orders are made because goods or services need to be made in advance. While a business is
able to measure the volume of demand at the current moment or over the recent time, it also has
a need to estimate what it will be in the future, in the short and long term. There is no doubt that
it is not possible for a business to make a completely correct and precise statement about the
future volume of demand since there will always be some degree of error and estimation.
However, the principles of demand management and demand forecasting provide companies
with tools on how to make such estimates as precise as possible and diminish the impact of
errors. Through the use of special techniques, businesses are able to collect data, analyze it, and
obtain results that can later be used to forecast the future volume of demand to include it into the
operational strategy. Therefore, demand management and demand forecasting allow avoiding
additional operation costs, such as excessive or urgent manufacturing or delivery, and there are a

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number of techniques that businesses use to stimulate demand and adjust it to the previously
forecasted levels.
Importance of Demand as an Economic Principle to an Organization
Demand is one of the most important fundamental concepts for any company. Since the
ultimate goal of any business is to make revenues by selling goods and services to consumers,
the volume of demand determines the volume of required production and subsequent sales
(Romano, et al. para. 9). Therefore, one of the primary objectives of any company is to estimate
the current level of demand, forecast any potential future changes to it, and take measures to
stimulate its growth.
There are two implications of the volume of demand for a business. First, it determines
the level of supply that a company needs to present in the market. Since there is a correlation
between the volumes of the demand and supply, a business may speculate on the prices to alter
its revenues. However, it is also affected by the competition in the market and scarcity of the
goods and services produced by a company (Ma). Secondly, demand impacts the prices for
substitute and complementary goods, where the first category gets more expensive when a
product becomes cheaper, and the price of the second category changes in direct relationship
with its complementary product. Therefore, by knowing and attempting to forecast and impact
demand, a company is able to influence the price of its products and services and, consequently,
Defining Demand Management and Demand Forecasting
What Demand Management Is

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Due to recent technological advancements, companies have experienced substantial
changes to their production, and there also emerged a dilemma, which may be solved with
demand management and demand forecasting. With the use of new equipment, managerial
techniques, and business strategies, businesses became able to produce more products and
service with an even greater efficiency than ever before, they are still not confident about the
volume of demand as well as the potential future changes to it. As a result, the overall efficiency
of each individual company is not at its maximum level (Ma). However, at the same time, there
is a method that is used to solve this problem, and it is referred to as demand management. The
simplest definition of demand management is a control of the consumer demand for services and
products produced by a firm ("Demand Management Meaning" para. 6). However, the
theoretical framework that it is based on is significantly more complicated, and it offers a wide
variety of advantages and tools for a company, especially in terms of risk management and
diminishing. Demand management includes both the collection of internal projects and ideas and
external factors and environment (Romano, et al. para. 2). Besides, it incorporates the analysis of
current and former activities to produce a valid analysis of future activities, which are
characterized by a certain degree of certainty. Therefore, demand management is used to affect
and improve the core needs of a business: the production of goods and services.
What Demand Forecasting Is
Demand forecasting is another important activity for any business in the modern
economy. Although it is somewhat similar to demand management, these are not identical
concepts as they pursue different objectives (Sbrana and Silvestrini 185). Demand forecasting is

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the most essential tool used by businesses for their survival under conditions of severe
competition in the market, uncertainty, and a wide variety of operational risks (“Survey methods
employed in demand forecasting”). Any company has a large need for determining the future
scope of demand and sales since they influence current costs of production, expenditures, and
profits. Demand forecasting is also used by businesses to achieve a more efficient allocation of
resources in the process of production, avoid excessive wastes, and determine the pricing
strategy (“Survey methods employed in demand forecasting”). Therefore, this practice is not
voluntary for companies but rather competitive because it deals with key aspects of an operation.
However, despite the significant importance of demand forecasting for businesses as well as the
extensive theoretical framework that has been developed so far, there are some cases, when it is
not applicable. According to Sbrana and Silvestrini (186), the effectiveness of demand
forecasting application is the lowest when the sample size is small or the demand planning
framework has been misspecified. Nevertheless, the potential disadvantages are far outweighed
by the potential advantages of this practice for a firm.
[Sections of this paper have been omitted for the purpose of this sample.] Role of Demand Management and Forecasting as Risk Diminishing Practices
Demand management and demand forecasting play a major role as risk diminishing
practices. Their application allows diminishing and eliminating uncertainty that is related to
consumer behavior. By possessing the information on the forecasted volumes of demand in the
short and long terms, businesses are able to make more effective decisions in terms of resource
distribution and pricing policies because there is no need for an urgent or excessive production

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(Sbrana and Silvestrini 191). Finally, these practices allow making the process of strategic
planning more effective as the input information used in this process is more precise.
Demand management and demand forecasting are the fundamental principles used by
businesses to address the risks that they face in their operation. By collecting the primary and
secondary data using a wide variety of techniques, companies are able to analyze this
information to use it later in their pricing and strategic policies. These two concepts have short
and long term objectives, where the latter is more important because it allows the company to set
more distant goals and plan ways to achieve them. Overall, the role of demand management and
demand planning as risk management practices is the provision of companies with the
approximate data on the future volumes of demand. It is then used to adjust the supply in such a
way that the resources are distributed efficiently and there are no wastes or excess or urgent

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Works Cited

“Demand management meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary.” Cambridge Dictionary,
2017, Accessed
13 August 2020.
Ma, Yungao, et al. “The bullwhip effect on product orders and inventory: a perspective of
demand forecasting techniques.” Taylor & Francis Online, 2017, Accessed 13
August 2020.
Romano, Luca, et al. “Demand management as a critical success factor in portfolio
management.” PMI, 2016,
Sbrana, Giacomo and Andrea Silvestrini. “Forecasting aggregate demand: Analytical comparison
of top-down and bottom-up approaches in a multivariate exponential smoothing
framework.” International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 146, no. 1, 2013, pp.
“Survey methods employed in demand forecasting.” Ava Research, 2016, Accessed
13 August 2020.