Business Sample Paper on Energy Performance Buildings Directive

The energy performance of buildings directives (EPBD) is the European union’s legislative instrument aiming to promote the improvement of the energy performance of building within the community. The idea was conceived by the Kyoto Protocol which commits the E.U and all its parties by setting binding emission targets. The directive required that the member states should strengthen and introduce energy performance certification of buildings.[1]

Energy performance of building directive1 (EPBD) was approved in the year 2002 and was implemented as law on 4 January 2003.   [2]The primary goal of the directive is to enhance the improvement of the energy performance buildings in the European Union nation’s cost-effective measures

 

The guidelines contain five aspects that state that:
  1. For buildings offered for sale or rent; the energy performance certificates shall be stated in the advertisements
  2. The Member States shall lay down the necessary measures to establish inspection schemes for heating and air-conditioning systems or take measures with equivalent impact
  3. All new buildings shall be nearly zero energy buildings by 31 December 2020; the same applies to all new public buildings after 31 December 2018.
  4. The Member States shall set minimum energy performance requirements for new buildings, for buildings subject to major renovation, as well as for the replacement or retrofit of building elements
  5. The Member States shall draw up lists of national financial measures and instruments to improve the energy efficiency of buildings.[3]

The EPBD can be seen as having four major aspects aspects. The first is the establishment of a calculation methodology: the member states must implement a methodology for calculating of the energy performance of buildings while putting into consideration all factors that affect energy use.  [4]The second aspect is the energy performance of buildings that dictates that regulation that set minimum energy performance requirement for new buildings and also the upcoming buildings when they are refurbished must be set.  The third is the energy performance certificate that should be made available whenever buildings are being established. Sold or rented. The fourth aspect is the inspection of boilers and air-conditioning, and this aspect stipulate that the boiler and heating systems should be inspected. [5]

The specification of a calculation methodology is instrumental to the directive as it impinges on the requirement for both the energy performance certificates and building regulations. The directive does not have specific details of the calculation methodology. Thus it leaves it to the member’s states of the European Union to make tier definitions. [6]The directive clarifies that the methodology is one that appreciates the overall energy performance of the building inclusive of all its aspects.  The methodology should, therefore, include the following elements; heating installation and hot water aspect, thermal characteristics of the building, air condition installation, natural ventilation, built in lighting installation position and the orientation of the building,  solar system and solar protection, and indoor climatic condition. [7]Also, the methodology needs to put into consideration other heating sources and electrical systems based on renewable energy resources, electricity produced by CPH, block heating and natural lighting.

The building regulation instructs member states to ensure that measures are taken to minimize the energy performance requirements. The law does not give the specific guidelines on how the standard guideline should be established, and this has also been left for the members to decide. However, it applies to both the new and existing buildings. The performance is based on the calculation methodology and is subject to revision after every five years. [8]

 

The EPBD also requires that a certificate should be given whenever a building is established, sold or rented. The energy performance is calculated by the method disused above, and the certificate should be given without biases or influence and by qualified personnel. The certification is expected to classify buildings from best to worst.  [9]The most important aspect of the certification is that it will provide recommendations for cost effective improvements.

When it comes to the point of boilers and air condition inspections; the government should provide for the inspection of boilers and air conditioning plants. Boilers with output ranging 20-120kw should be first inspected regularly.   [10]Those of over 100kw need to be checked after every two years .advice need to be given on the replacement of boilers, their modifications to the system and the alternative solution. The second option is for the government to ensure that there is enough advice on boiler and heating system modification and replacement to improve the overall energy efficiency.

Conclusion

The EPBD will be of considerable interest to the European partners mostly in the building sector. The directives will provide a long term – perspectives, support schemes, mandates any policy support for decades to come. This has reduced the renovation rate by up to 1% from the expected 3%.the plenary vote at the European union is, however, indicate the preferred measures and systems and show the major trends in energy efficiency policy at European levels.[11]

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

A directive, E. N. “91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings.” Official Journal of the European Communities 4, no. 2003 (2002): L1.

Chwieduk, Dorota. “Towards sustainable-energy buildings.” Applied energy76, no. 1 (2003): 211-217.

Hernandez, Patxi, Kevin Burke, and J. Owen Lewis. “Development of energy performance benchmarks and building energy ratings for non-domestic buildings: An example for Irish primary schools.” Energy and Buildings 40, no. 3 (2008): 249-254.

Recast, E. P. B. D. “Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast).”Official Journal of the European Union 18, no. 06 (2010): 2010.

[1]Recast, E. P. B. D. “Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast).”Official Journal of the European Union 18, no. 06 (2010): 2010.

 

[2]Recast, E. P. B. D. “Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast).”Official Journal of the European Union 18, no. 06 (2010): 2010.

 

[3]Chwieduk, Dorota. “Towards sustainable-energy buildings.” Applied energy76, no. 1 (2003): 211-217.

 

[4]Chwieduk, Dorota. “Towards sustainable-energy buildings.” Applied energy76, no. 1 (2003): 211-217.

 

[5]Hernandez, Patxi, Kevin Burke, and J. Owen Lewis. “Development of energy performance benchmarks and building energy ratings for non-domestic buildings: An example for Irish primary schools.” Energy and Buildings 40, no. 3 (2008): 249-254

[6]Hernandez, Patxi, Kevin Burke, and J. Owen Lewis. “Development of energy performance benchmarks and building energy ratings for non-domestic buildings: An example for Irish primary schools.” Energy and Buildings 40, no. 3 (2008): 249-254

[7]A directive, E. N. “91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings.” Official Journal of the European Communities 4, no. 2003 (2002): L1.

 

[8]

[9]Recast, E. P. B. D. “Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast).”Official Journal of the European Union 18, no. 06 (2010): 2010

[10]Hernandez, Patxi, Kevin Burke, and J. Owen Lewis. “Development of energy performance benchmarks and building energy ratings for non-domestic buildings: An example for Irish primary schools.” Energy and Buildings 40, no. 3 (2008): 249-254.

 

[11]Chwieduk, Dorota. “Towards sustainable-energy buildings.” Applied energy76, no. 1 (2003): 211-217.