It has been affirmed that style in art is the manner of arranging art in a distinctive way that will allow the grouping of different artworks from different artists into related categories. These categories are distinguishable and this makes it possible to recognize works from specific artists and genre. Other scholars have ascribed to the fact that art style refers to the visual appearance that to an extent makes arrangement of works based on artist, training, school of thought and movements easy. Art style is significant in dividing artworks and groups into periods, country or movement while bringing out the dynamism associated with such kind of works. For instance, art style will elaborate the gradual changes that have occurred in the development of Ancient Egyptian art through to Modern art.
Elements of Art Style
Exploration of styles of art points out that an artist uses this manner to portray a theme or subject that fully expresses vision. As different artists allude, a style is determined by the elements that an artist integrates in an art like color, form and composition. Style will make an artist to handle mediums differently depending on the technique and methods that the artist is conversant with and uses regularly. It is therefore important to note that, art styles give artists choices on how to come up with good artworks that communicate messages to their audiences.
Research has succinctly discovered that artworks share common features in terms of design elements and theme considered to be from the same style. Other scholars refer to styles as movements that define artworks of specific periods in time. It has been opined several painting artists still paint in the impressionist fashion by embracing the concepts that defined the Impressionism style of art that was used in the 19th century (Fichner-Rathus Lois 21). Based on this assertion, art style makes it possible for artists to resurrect from the past methods and techniques of representation that is used to anchor the original positions in the current modern art.
Art style has necessitated each artist to pursue his or her own way of representing art that is well developed and manifested throughout his or her life. As a starting point, an artist would start with a style from an artist that he or she considers a role model and who he or she admires. At first, this is quite helpful in anchoring the artist and providing a foundation stone with which future artworks will be composed on. However, for continuity, new artists are advised to come up with their own styles of expressing art. This will be fundamental in marketing and promoting the work of such an artist by gaining confidence through experience and to acquire more skills.
On the contrary, artist can pursue different styles to represent their themes and subject matter. This has been attributed to more freedom unlike in the past when artists were expected to pursue the dominant styles at the time. As a word of advice, artists are encouraged to pursue those styles that they like and have great potential on. Experimenting with different styles is highly discouraged since to flourish, an artist must be specific on the methods that he or she uses to express themes and subject matter. There are many art styles that artists have used and engaged in pursuing their agenda but this paper will discuss the Baroque style of representing art.
Baroque art style
It has been suggested that Baroque style of presenting art is the use of an exaggerated motion that can easily be interpreted to produce drama, tension and magnificence through sculptures and painting. It is believed that this style started around 1600 in Rome, Italy and later spread to other countries of the world (Fichner-Rathus Lois 25). A major success and milestone of this style of art was when it was encouraged by the Catholic Church that heartened artist to communicate religious themes in ways that were involving the believers emotionally. Another boost was when the secular aristocracy discovered that this style would produce art that could be used to impress visitors and competitors. It is affirmed that Baroque palaces have been built around courts, staircases and reception rooms to increase the notion of hospitality. A collection of art, music, architecture has been in the fore front in inspiring the players who share the Baroque culture.
This style of art originated around 1600 when church council members demanded that paintings and sculptures be made in the contexts of the church teaching; this was to help in reaching and speaking to the illiterate rather than the well informed members of the society. This acted as a motivating factor in the pursuit of such a style. The first people to implement this assertion by the church were the Caravaggio and the Carracci brothers, all of whom were working and competing for commissions in Rome around 1600. Historians have opined that this style was brought about by the renaissance movement that is alleged to have started in Italy and subsequently spread to other countries in Europe. Artists of the time started to develop interests on the human body and for that started to compose artworks that had spiritual quality (Fichner-Rathus Lois 35). It revived emotional presentation of supernatural powers and beings; something that was good for religion.
Characteristics of this style of art include; the artworks portraying sensuality and sumptuousness mostly because they concentrate on religious themes. Secondly, such pieces of art composed through this style show a high degree of emotional content and for instance, Spanish Baroque. This style also possesses that characteristic of artworks portraying naturalism, this is attributed to the fact that they use natural biblical teachings to drive their theme to the audience. Lastly, the art painting composed using the Baroque style makes use of full mural paintings skills and it is worth noting that they still inspire and impress to this day.
One artist has been notable in this style; he is considered one of the founders of the Baroque art style (Fichner-Rathus Lois 27). Bernini has been viewed by many as the brain behind this style; others have even alleged that the world of art would have not been the way it is had he not surfaced. His artworks came about due to reformations of the Catholic religion that advocated for ways that artists could capture the attention of the audiences while stimulating and refreshing their souls. It has been found out that his works are more vigorous and natural for example, he was able to curl the hair in sculpture to the surprise of many. The elements that he engages in composing his artworks include shades of light that brings out impressions of shadows. In addition, his works are meant to be viewed from different angles and provides an impression of smooth movement.
Based on texture, he brings out the feeling of realism that motivates an amazing visual experience of the audiences viewing such artworks. It has also been ascertained that his pieces of art depict an illusion as he is able to portray the biblical stories in a way that one is able to experience a sense of movement; this, he does by using curved lines. Bernini has effectively used molten wax as a medium to enhance and produce artworks like Tomb of Pope Alexander VII, Blessed Ludovica Albertoni, and Angel with the Superscription that promotes that theme of religion.
From the discussions, it is evident that an artist must present art in a manner that would fulfill his message and theme. An Art style gives an artist an opportunity to decide on how he/she wants to portray art and communicate to the audience. There are very many styles to pick from however; the paper has discussed Baroque style of presenting art. This style as pointed out earlier has its theme revolve around religion. It has been narrated that this style uses symmetrical shapes and balanced composition to produce an amazing visual experience that makes it easy for the audience to grasp the message being depicted. Finally, it is therefore paramount for an artist to understand his or her audience well so as to fully communicate using different styles of art and cement his or her legacy; this will make others remember contributions made just like Bernini in Italian Baroque and Ruben in Flemish art.
Fichner-Rathus, Lois. Understanding Art. Boston, Mass: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2013.