The greater Adelaide land use was planned by Colonel William light who was a south Australian surveyor-general. Land use arrangement affects the outline and structure of land in a number of ways. When a plan is laid down, several things happen. The first thing that takes place is changing of infrastructure development. This includes delivery, supremacy, hose and sewers. In regards to transportation, road and railway networks are planned in such a manner that they do not collude with the structural building where individual work and reside. The same way happens to sewers which collects waste water and direct it to treatment locale. Water and energy depends on the infrastructural components and development in town. The great Adelaide is connected to the power grid as well as clean water sourced from the Torrens River. This essay will discuss how land use planning can affect the structure and land use patterns in Greater Adelaide metropolitan setting by considering Infrastructure systems (transport, water, energy and sewers).
Land employ planning is concerned with the metropolitan growth through principled and proficient utilisation of scarce land. Therefore, conflicts that could have arisen due to mismanagement of land are halted and minimised by a great deal. Infrastructural systems are the most imperative features for any municipal enlargement. This is due to the fact that they determine the competence and usefulness of communication, transport and business activities. Good infrastructural systems hold up the monetary, societal and opinionated affairs of residents in cities and metropolitan centres (Bunker 33). The government utilises groundwork to develop and anticipate outlook development on community terrain for the benefit of the society. This insinuates that the social and financial existence of the community in town is affected positively. Planning is supposed to protect the natural resource such as water towers, natural forests and environment that may be come under siege by private developers. This is the reason as to why public land is put under the management of government to ensure that proper development arrangements are made before coming up with a structure. Erecting a structure affects the geographical outlook or landscape of an area in addition to increased pollution. The avoidance of these negative effects can only takes place if proper land use planning is applied in the right manner.
Effects of Land Use Planning
There are both optimistic and unconstructive effects brought about by land use planning. The first consequence denotes accessibility and financial benefits to the society in this region. In the year 1900, the Australian government through the city administration started lighting the city. Street lights were connected at different locations within the city an action that raised the economic welfare of the residents. They were competent to carry out trade for long hours without fear of robbery. The security status in the region was also raised a notch higher in addition to intensive patrol activities. It is a way of raising resident’s self-assurance for the leading body. The metropolitan populace totals 1.7 million persons which mean that proper infrastructure must be provided to support the economic and social life of the residents. The chart below represents the population at Adelaide annually.
Adelaide Population Data (Urban Area)
|Year||Population||Growth Rate (%)||Growth|
Chart 1: represents population growth chart.
The chart above shows a tremendous growth of population in Adelaide at 0.70% in 2016. This is expected to rise by 6.70% by the year 2030 translating to 1,505,000 people (Mosler 34).
Transport is the second item on the list that describes the role of land use planning. The reason as to why infrastructure is important to this region is because it connects the city to other towns. The transit of goods and services from one locality to the other depends on these infrastructures. Rail road is widely used to ship people from one region to the other. Manufacturing firms changed the centre from a farming sector to a production city in the year 1954. From this time henceforth, the city administration would be tasked with designing and structuring physical development.
The policies that were set during this time ensured that public land was not allocated to individuals who would put structures on them. Thus, planning makes sure that all public land is protected and road or railway networks have enough space to be built. This indicates that there are positive effects of applying land use planning in controlling resource utilisation. Roads will also be built on the right path so as to avoid conflict with nature. Environmental assessment is conducted before any form of structure or infrastructure is built. This insinuates that the negative and positive effects of particular development are weighted before engaging in actual activities. Planning can increase productivity in the sense that nature and infrastructure complement each other. This cannot be done without proper planning and provision of the right procedures to be followed when building a city.
The grid layout provided by William light subdivided the city into five sections. They include: parklands, public squares, city centre, government and commercial centre and cultural boulevard. Thus, being the headquarters or housing government offices gave the city a new direction in regards to planning and administration of public assets. The subdivision and zoning of different areas for development was in line with the city structural policies. Thus, no person would build a commercial or residential building at the city centre as it was preserved for the government offices and other development. The number of land cases would reduce significantly due to strict adherence to the set guidelines and plan to oversee the development and growth of various sectors within the economy (Howley 795). Economically, land use planning has some benefits as follows. Residential buildings are located in places that are accessible to road network or other forms of infrastructural network like railways. Commuters are able to travel and work efficiently. This would mean that they built their economy by movement of goods and services to and from the region.
When products reach the market on time, consumers are able to access them with easiness and derive satisfaction from consuming the products. Traders on the other hand are capable of selling products on time and within their designated regions due to infrastructural network. Moreover, value for goods is created when timely supply is made within the specified period. Airports also facilitate the movement of people and goods. It is the fastest form of transportation that is available in the region. An airport helps connect the community or region to the rest of the world. Tourists come into this region through air due to its efficiency. In addition, some of the airports are located in strategic places such as near the beach. Thus, tourist do not spend a lot of time travelling hence they spend less. This attracts a lot of customers in form of tourism into the region hence improves the economic status of the people living in this community.
Money earned through tourism is applied and utilized be government in development projects. These projects involve building of learning institutions, public facilities and structuring economic structures. When tourist visits the place, they bring in new ideas and culture. These cultures are important to the community in the sense that they adopt the positive things and share common values with international community.
Landscape in Greater Adelaide
Greater Adelaide is characterised by diverse natural features such as Mount Lofty, Cleland Conservation Park, Beach, suburban residential blocks and Port Adelaide. Conservation parks that are scarcely dispersed in the region serve as tourist attraction sites for visitors. The beach on the other side is another site that attracts tourism. Therefore, the region benefits from tourism because it provides employment in the region. In addition, hotels have popped up along the beach to provide accommodation to visitors. Thus, a good number of citizens and persons in this place secure employment (Omer 66). These benefits are attributed to the high presence of hotels and economic opportunities created through tourisms. Farmers on the other hand sell their products to these hotels. In the housing sector, detached houses blocks dominate the suburban areas.
Most of these buildings were build using bricks with pitched roofs. High rise buildings on the other hand are found in the city centre and houses offices either private or public. In addition, some churches and social organisations have built high rise building that act as landmark. The plan for the town is changing in the sense that individuals would build low houses in the past. During the twenty first century, high-rise buildings are coming up due to the increased pressure to maximise on the available space. Moreover, new techniques and knowledge in building are finding their way in this region due to globalisation. This is a positive thing because the world is changing towards high rise structure that carries of houses many people hence creating space for public facilities such as playing fields. One of the examples of such building is Westpac house considered as the tallest structure. It is one hundred and thirsty two meters high.
Negative Changes in Design and Structure
The first negative change brought about by land planning is withholding development of potential regions that could earn revenue for the government. In most cases, government or public lies idle because it is anticipated to host some facilities in the future. Some of the set aside land may be utilised for the benefits of the community. Some of the activities that may go on in these places are like farming (Mayo 267). However, this is not the case ion the ground and in most cases people disputes over such land due to corrupt dealings taking place amongst government officials. In situations where the land is located in highly developed land, government officials tend to corrupt sell it off through corrupt dealings. These dealings are not only costly to the government but also act as areas of conflict between communities and leadership. At this point, the role of land use planning comes in as it must solve some of the problems that arise due to land scarcity. The first role is to plan and allocate public land efficiently to institutions or parties that wish to develop. This is done according to the set guidelines and plan that ensures that these developments do not interfere with the natural geographic that is at the centre of tourism activities (Kroll and Haase 730).
An example is the allocation of central region to developers who come up with plans to hold as many people or offices as possible by maximizing on the space available. Thus, the number of buildings are minimised in number while creating enough space for national reserves and recreational facilities. These facilities are essential because community members require space to conduct events such as wedding as well as spend time. Another role is to protect water towers and infrastructural development. Some crooked individual may want to invade on public land for personal use hence the body is there to ensure that no interference occurs. They have the responsibility to arrest and prosecute such individuals by surrendering them to the necessary authority.
Greater Adelaide is strategically placed and the planners come with a very good plan that would be used by future developers in setting the city. In addition, the state was structured during the First World War through the Second World War and great depression. However, during the depression the city collapsed financially as it was affected through economic downfall. Jobs were lost during the period and companies were closed due to lack of economic activities. However, the city was rebuilt over time and it regained its status that was lost during depression. The cultural background of people living in this region is depicted by the structure they built. Thus, the administration has the single role of protecting and administering policies developed to be applied when dealing with public land. There are effects that come with these activities as outlined in the text.
Bunker, Raymond C. Metropolitan Strategies in Australia. Kensington: City Futures Research Centre, 2012. Print.
Howley, Peter. “Attitudes towards compact city living: Towards a greater understanding of residential behaviour.” Land Use Policy 26.3 (2010): 792-798. Print.
Kroll, Franziska, and Dagmar Haase. “Does demographic change affect land use patterns?”Land Use Policy 27.3 (2010): 726-737. Print.
Mayo, Oliver. “Fisher in Adelaide.” Biometrics 70.2 (2014): 266-269. Print.
Mosler, Sharon A. Heritage Politics in Adelaide. Adelaide: U of Adelaide P, 2011. Print.
Omer, Mayada. The Resilience of Networked Infrastructure Systems: Analysis and Measurement. Singapore: World Scientific Pub. Co, 2013. Print.