Sample Architecture Papers on Mind Map-Combination of the Old and the New

Mind Map-Combination of the Old and the New: How to Combine the Dilapidated Buildings

with the New Building Materials in the Architectural Heritage
Heritage buildings play a crucial role in passing cultural identity to future generations
(Mısırlısoy & Günçe, 2016, pg. 94). However, indigenous vernacular Culture is fading rapidly
due to neglect of historical sites, buildings and cores, and urbanization. Historical buildings
preservation enhances the sustainability of monuments and sites as an important part of the past,
the present, and the future. This calls for unceasing collecting, analyzing, filtering, recording,
monitoring, and updating of data on historical buildings, as illustrated in Figure 4 . The collected
data will be vital in surveying, conservation planning, monitoring of post-construction, and
management of historical buildings (Fadli & AlSaeed, 2019, p.2501).
Preservation of historic buildings and enhancing their usefulness is, therefore, key in
urban heritage preservation (Fadli & AlSaeed, 2019). In instances where the historical building
can no longer serve its initial use, a new function should be designed to preserve the heritage
(Mısırlısoy & Günçe, 2016, p.96).
Historical places and buildings are being /have been repaired, changed, adapted, and
developed to secure the future in the UK. It has been noted that comprehension of the historical
significance of buildings or places does unlock development potential for extremely remote
areas. It is, therefore, a useful tool for selling new developments (English Heritage, 2006).
English Heritage has adopted “Constructive Conservation” in effecting protection and
adaptation measures in historical buildings. English Heritage aims at establishing a balance
where archival qualities are reinforced through change, commercial, and architectural

Constructive conservation offers opportunities for investment in repair, renovation, and
adaptation of historic buildings. They are then used in economic recovery and financial growth
of the countryside, towns, and cities in the UK. It is estimated that English Heritage advises
16,000 statutory consent applications annually. This is done from their nine regional offices on
the impact of investing in Historical places. Below ( Figure 1 , Figure 2 , and Figure 3 ) are
attached pictures of historical sites before and after they were repaired and adapted (Heritage,
2006, p.154).

Figure 1 : CLIFTON LIDO before (Left) and after (Right)repair and adaptation (English Heritage, 2006)

Figure 2 : THE MONASTERY OF ST FRANCIS before (Left) and after (Right)repair and adaptation (English Heritage, 2006)


Figure 3 : WEST OFFICES before (Left) and after (Right) repair and adaptation (English Heritage, 2006)
The process of renovating historic buildings is initiated by studying the archaeology of
the building to unearth the cultural and historical importance of the building. Also, establish the
qualities and defects of the historic building. A building survey then follows. A building survey
is typically conducted to determine the alterations carried out on the initial plan, structure, and
fittings of the buildings during its lifetime (Zhang, 2012, p.724). The building defects, technical
and material properties, and load-bearing structure are also looked into.
Conservation plans and repair activities are typically designed to bring out the original
qualities of the historic building. Heritage conservation is achieved by ensuring the finishes and
the fixtures are intact (Nadin, 2001, p.73). While it may not be possible to restore the original
building, mapping of relevant elements is customarily done. Insignificance elements are mostly
left out. The defects recorded during survey are analyzed in order to design the effective repair
method. Major defects attract major building works. In other cases, new buildings are
Whenever a new building is being undertaken, connectivity between both parts is critical.
Consequently, the form, technical, and organizational problems are assessed and solved to ensure
that the old and the new buildings conform (England, 2013, p.41). The slight differences

between the new and old buildings provide room for expression. Currently, the majority of
architectural concepts contain the basic idea, structure, and measurement of the historic building.
Additionally, they also create a new and independent building. This is done by sensitive
modification of basic principles.

Figure 4 : Analysis impact of conserving the past
In conclusion, repair, renovation, adaption and development of historical buildings will
not only preserve the cultural heritage of different communities and nations, it will also boost
development agenda. Once they have been renovated, they offer a platform for selling the new
innovations and developments. With this in mind, the cost implication of repairing the historical
buildings will be recovered and exceeded through commercial activities which will be
undertaken in this places. Moreover, additional income through tourism will ensure the project
earns the country foreign exchange. The incentives on profitability through commercial

activities plus foreign exchange through tourism should therefore motivate public and private
institutions to undertake in renovating the historical buildings.

England, H., 2013. Constructive conservation: sustainable growth for historic places. Historic
England, London, UK.
Fadli, F., and Saeed, M., 2019. Digitizing Vanishing Architectural Heritage; The Design and
Development of Qatar Historic Buildings Information Modeling [Q-HBIM] Platform.
Sustainability, 11(9), p.2501.
Heritage, E., 2006. Shared interest: celebrating investment in the historic environment. English
Mısırlısoy, D., and Günçe, K., 2016. Adaptive reuse strategies for heritage buildings: A holistic
approach. Sustainable Cities and Society, 26, pp.91-98.
Nadin, V., and Cullingworth, B., 2001. Town and Country Planning in the UK. Routledge.
Zhang, W., 2012. Local Culture on the Reuse of old Buildings in the Industrial Area.