Sample Coursework Paper on Short Answer Questions

Question one

Ethnophysiology supposes that stress and emotions that may involve fear, panic and anguish are likely to present a situation whereby there is coagulation of blood. This in effect may cause severe distress and high risks of contracting cold illnesses. The Hmong and the villagers of BwaMawego have engaged in medical treatment of fright. These treatments involve use of traditional medicine that is easily accepted by the community as opposed to foreign medicine. The Hmong however involve prayer and administration of herbs.

Question Two

Ethnopharmacology focuses on use of herbs and other indigenous sources of medicine. Classifications are normally utilized when describing and analyzing local diseases and possible remedies. However, these systems often focus on diversity of cultures of data related to ethnomedicine. Other systems include therapy-based classification system and bioprospecting systems. Therefore, ethnonopharmacological sources help present opportunities for getting remedies to certain illnesses.

Question Three

Culture involves humans. These are social creatures that thrive well in communities that have common habits and behavior. Culture is learned. This may comprise the various methods and time intervals of shopping, marriage customs and feelings of love. Culture therefore proves to be uniform. Following the fabrics that hold together aspects of culture, people from the same community tend to behave towards the same direction.

Question Four

Barriers such as misperceptions of medicine with regard to their source of origin presents situations whereby patients reject medications. For instance, in India, western medicine became a barrier to treatment since individuals believed that injections had side effects such as addiction. Moreover, they trusted their own traditional medicine. Therefore, cultural dynamics based on family and community perceptions have a significant effect in the administration of a foreign drug. Another barrier is the problem that come with use of traditional medicine. Individuals who get used to taking traditional medicine may become reluctant to submit to western medicine. This is a scenario that may arise when one travels to a different country.

Question Five

Healthcare services are essential to the well-being of a society. Healthy individuals give out sound policies that help solve major life problems. Therefore, information concerning healthcare is crucial and should reach individuals in every possible way. There should be a viable delivery system that involves diagnosis and treatment methods of particular illnesses. Information from books contain records and trends that is supported by medical evidence that would help realize patient preferences and values that are important when delivering healthcare services to patients.

Question six

Kleinman claims that mental illnesses are more than just psychological problems. His contributions to the comprehension of cultural bound syndromes both in Chinese and East Asian cultures has made it easy to conduct research and come up with medical policies that would realize zero resistance to cross-cultural medical administration. On the other hand, Michael Logan has studied the differential reproduction systems between different groups and races. He has explained how different immigrant groups have helped discover certain anti-fungal medicinal plants.

Question Seven

Ethnographic fieldwork exercises help identify several issues that come with cross cultural medical treatment. This exercise emphasizes results based on science and research. The tendency of individuals rejecting treatment because of particular beliefs is a critical issue that has paralyzed cross-cultural healthcare delivery. In other countries, western medicine is not easily accepted by patients because of reasons based on myths and beliefs.  The advantages of ethnographic fieldwork include finding ways of convincing individuals in foreign countries to take medications on grounds that they are medically tested and would cause no harm to their health.