Sample Essay on Presentation

Components of a report

In a typical report, there are six components, namely the abstract, introduction, methodology, result, discussion, and finally the references. These components are organized in a report in that order. To start with, the abstract provides the general overview of the study. It can act as an executive summary and cover two to four paragraphs. In the introduction component, key issues are addressed as well as a review of any relevant literature. Furthermore, the introduction also summarizes what the research is trying to address. At the methodology section, the reader is granted the opportunity of assessing the quality of research (Rick, 2014).

Besides, it provides information that can be helpful for another researcher who is interested in both validating and replicating the findings of the research. The result section contains both the findings and the data. It also covers a brief introduction to the research topic. Discussion is one of the important sections of the report. At this section, the results are studied, interpreted, and evaluated based on research literature. Most importantly, the discussion section links the research results, the research topic, and its applicability. The last component is the references; it provides a list of all the authors and the sources that are cited in the report (Nwaka, 2013).

Oral presentation

One aspect that must be taken into consideration when choosing the area to present is how the area would be beneficial to the targeted audience. When considering the usefulness of the topic to be presented, the aspects that must come up clearly are how appropriate the topic is to the audience as well as the general interest of the audience in regards to the topic. Just like any other presentation, an individual undertaking an educational presentation must be confident, audible, and must keep the audience to be interested in the presentation by engaging them. Most importantly, the presenter must undertake adequate preparation (Bondale, 2014).

In education sector, there are varieties of topics that can be presented orally. Such topics include standardized testing, nutrition, special education, bullying, and quality in education in general among the rest. However, for the purpose of this work, standardized test would be considered. It is worth noting that standardized test remains a hotly contested issue in the spheres of education. This is because the majority of the interested parties have the belief that the process as a whole is very biased. Keeping all these in mind, it is important to note that while undertaking oral presentation on the topic of the standardized test, it is imperative to begin with the brief history of the standardized testing (Nwaka, 2013).

After exploring the brief history, the next step is to indulge in the major and recent controversies that have surrounded the standardized testing. To avoid boredom of the audience, the presenter should come up with the conflicting views regarding the topic with the aim of engaging the audience. The engagement of the audience is important since it avails the audience with the opportunity of making their own judgement on the topic under discussion. Therefore, they would develop a feeling of being part of the presentation process. Another simple way of engaging the audience is to indulge in the direct eye-to-eye contact with the audience. Eye contact is one of the methods of determining the confidence level of the presenter together with making the audience to develop the feeling of worthiness. The next step is to tackle both the current state of the standardized testing in a much-detailed manner as a way of preparing the audience for the possible future trend of the standardized testing (Bondale, 2014).

One of the ways that a presenter can invigorate the topic of the standardized topic is to provide hidden facts concerning the standardized testing that the audiences have little knowledge. Moreover, the oral presenter can also provide facts that can be undertaken to ensure an improvement on the status of the presented topic.  As a way keeping the audience engaged, the presenter can also opt to ask them relevant solutions to the issue at hand. However, care must be taken to avoid any potential risk of deviation from the topic y the audience through exercising strict gathering control. The presenter can exploit the usage of the visual help as a way of facilitating the presentation process (Nwaka, 2013).

Nevertheless, care must be taken to avoid substituting the explanations with these visual aids. Therefore, the presenter must keep in mind that visual aids are for facilitating the presentation process rather than substituting the actual presentation. The visual aids that are available for presenter presiding presentation over the standardizing testing are charts, pictures, powerpoint presentations among the rest. One of the aspects of this topic that requires visual aid while presenting is the historical trends of the topic (Wartzman, 2013).

Furthermore, the presenter can also provide a take-home message to the audience as a way of invoking long-term interest on the topic. An example of the relevant take home message concerning the standardization testing is “everyone is a potential victim, lets us join hands in eradicating this menace. In most of the cases, a take-home message comes at the end of the presentation process, and is normally used by the presenters as a way of making the audience remember the topic of discussion.


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Bondale, M. (2014). How to Give a Successful Oral Presentation (5 Steps) | eHow.


Nwaka, C. (2013). Topics for a Presentation on Education. Retrieved October 8,

Rick, D. (2014). Components of a Research Report.

Wartzman, F. (2013). Standardized testing.

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