Introductions and conclusions play the role of framing your thoughts and holding them together. You are likely to find it easier to write body paragraphs than to piece together the first and last paragraphs. While your intro helps to move readers from their ordinary lives into your little world of writing, the conclusion should do the direct opposite.
A good conclusion paragraph should your audience go back to their normal lives. Read on to find more on how to write an essay conclusion. We have detailed explanations and model examples to help you overcome common issues that you face when wrapping up your ideas.
Here are things that your conclusion should achieve whenever you are working on any written assignment. In case you find them strange, do not panic because we are going to break down everything for you.
- Finalize your ideas – Your conclusion is an opportunity to make your final remarks on the subject matter. By synthesizing your thoughts on the issue, an essay conclusion should capture the importance of the topic and challenge the reader to have a changed perspective on the subject.
- Make a last impression – Here, you make a lasting impression on the audience as you assure them that reading your essay was a wise idea.
- Allows broader thinking –Your conclusion should not be limited to the confines of your assignment prompt. It allows you to make new connections that will give better meaning to your audience.
- Enriches the reader –Your conclusion should put a smile on your readers. They should be happy to have read your essay. As a gift to your reader, it should have an impact on their lives even if they choose to agree or disagree with your thoughts. Thus, a good essay conclusion should aim at enriching the lives of the readers.
The following example should help you gain more insights on how to write an essay conclusion. Examine it and see if you can pinpoint the specific roles, it plays.
Example #1: Sample essay conclusion
In the essay, We Can Live without Petroleum, the writer argues that even though the world over depends on petroleum in different ways, it is possible to explore alternative sources of energy and overcome this overdependence. Here is the conclusion:
This analysis shows that petroleum has a wide range of advantages as it promotes social, economic, and political development in the world. Because of petroleum, people earn a living and meet their basic needs through employment. However, petroleum remains a leading cause of environmental pollution, encourages terrorism, and other catastrophes, which threaten humanity, creating the need to explore cleaner, safer and renewable sources of energy.
In this conclusion, the writer reminds the reader of what the paper discussed. The paragraph also affirms the main idea or the author’s thesis statement. You can read the rest of the essay here and see how the conclusion relates to other parts of the paper.
The challenge with writing an essay conclusion is that you have exhausted every aspect of your topic and you do not want to sound repetitive in your final remarks. Thus, you will have to decide on what to include in this section since most readers remember what they read last. Actually, it should be the best and most appealing part of your work.
How do you achieve this and convince the reader that you gave your best? Here are some hints that will enhance your mastery of how to write an essay conclusion.
IDEA 2: Revisit your thesis – Go back to your introduction and recap your main idea. You may also refer to your first paragraph using parallel concepts or examples that take back your audience.
IDEA 2: Answer the ‘So What’ question – As you end your essay, show the significance of your topic. Why should they care after reading your text? Assure them that it was meaningful to read your paper.
IDEA 3: Do not summarize, SYNTHESIZE – The reader already knows your main idea. Do not bother him with things, which you already discussed. Your focus should be on showing how these points and the examples therein work together to support your thesis.
IDEA 4: Redirect your audience – Challenge your reader by giving them something to ponder and apply in their ordinary lives. In particular, if you changed from general to specifics in your introduction, your conclusion should go from a specific to a general perspective.
IDEA 5: Give new meaning to your topic – NOTE that you do not need a new idea in your conclusion to create new meaning. Create that picture by bringing out how different ideas work together. Keep in mind that what counts is the summation of your paper and not individual parts. With these five stages, you have a complete recipe for how to write an essay conclusion. There is no magic; it is as simple as that. Go through the following example to allow the five ideas above to sink deeper and find a place in your system.
Example #2: Sample Essay conclusion
TOPIC: Culture and Society
THESIS: Culture forms part of social identity as people become accustomed to certain values, norms, and traditions, which may preserve the original uniqueness of a given group or lead to the formation of a sub-culture.
A culture is a major tool that shapes society’s patterns, beliefs, symbols, and institutions to define the identity of the community. Subcultures always relate to the main culture through people’s beliefs. Culture can promote gender inequality through the formation of distinct cultural orientations.
Notice how the writer uses the conclusion to remind the reader of the main ideas of the paper and give new meaning to the subject matter. In this case, the conclusion ushers a sense of completeness for the audience to revert to their real world
A bad conclusion can spoil a good essay. Therefore, take caution as you draft your last four or five sentences. They could make or break you as a writer. In this section, you will learn about common mistakes that students make while penning their conclusions.
Read these don’ts of how to write an essay conclusion keenly to avoid becoming a victim of these grave and inexcusable errors.
As you write, avoid the following:
Avoid too long conclusion – Like in introductions, your conclusion should be 10% of the total paper. This means it could be a few lines or paragraphs depending on your total essay word count.
Avoid tired phrases – Break the tradition of announcing your conclusion with old phrases like “in conclusion,” “in summary,” or “in closing.” This statement works effectively in speeches.
Stating your thesis for the first time – Your thesis should not appear in your conclusion for the very first time. The entry point of your thesis is the introduction. As you end your essay, revisit or rework your thesis.
Avoid new ideas – Do not introduce anything new in your conclusion. Stick to what you have already discussed. If something has not been featured anywhere in your paper, then you certainly do not need it.
Copy pasting your thesis – While your conclusion should refer to your intro and your thesis, in particular, do not be that lazy to copy it word for word. Use a different language.
Do not apologize – End your essay on a high note and with oomph! Convince the reader that you are an expert on the topic and a professional writer with your confidence.
Always keep in mind these common errors and you will surely impress with your conclusions. Below are model papers, which should give you more tips on how to write an essay conclusion:
Example #3: Sample Essay Conclusion
Summarized guidelines on how to write an essay conclusion
At the conclusion stage, you have done everything and what remains is wrapping up your discussion. Together with the above tips, your conclusion should have the following three parts:
Part A: Answer – Your conclusion should refer to your thesis statement. Revisit your thesis as you introduce your conclusion and spend the rest of the time explaining.
Part B: Summary – A good conclusion should give a summary and synthesize the main ideas in the essay.
Part C: Significance – Tell the reader the implication of your findings. Why was it important to write the paper?
With these three parts, your conclusion is complete and standard. Remember these principles of how to an essay conclusion apply to all written assignments. Therefore, you already have the key to your successful writing right in your hands.
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