Pros and Cons of Medicinal Marijuana



            Marijuana, botanically known as the cannabis is a plant that grows just like any other plants in several parts of the world. It has a narrow leaves which are usually serrated, it is believed that the plant is the major source of hemps that can be used in the textile industry. The leaves and the buds of this plant contain chemicals that most smokers find it very useful. The leaves of the plant is dried and put in clear bags ready to be sold. The chemical commonly found in the leaves and the bud is known as the delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol. More of this chemical is found in the bud. When inhaled marijuana completely changes the mood of the user and the way he or she will further view things around his or her vicinity. Despite that marijuana is prohibited drug it is widely used in America (Connolly, 2006 p. 8).

            From the ancient times the medicinal uses of marijuana has been known. People in China have been using the plant for treating rheumatism and constipation. In other times the cannabis has been used to cure malaria and absentmindedness. Most of the surgeon has been using the drug to perform painless operations. In Roman, cannabis was recommended for its juice because it could prevent earaches. The same drug could prevent diminishing sexual desires and sometimes help those facing the flatulence. The drug was formally a painkiller. Cannabis was widely used in Egypt during labor pains and in the republic of Northern Ireland the plant was widely used to treat rabies and convulsions. The use of marijuana began do diminish has the discoveries of other medicine began to make it to become least used (Gieringer et al, 2008, p. 4). 

            Majority of New York voters support the use of marijuana to treat very serious patients. Medical marijuana cannot cure but it does help in aiding the treatment for any kind of illness. The effects associated with the medicinal marijuana may include, mild mind. The plant also acts a body relaxer and quite often an appetite inducer. Marijuana and its medicinal properties cannot be used for the purposes of recreation but as a need for people with a very real illness. There are so many disorders that are associated with use of this cannabis plant (Beau, 2010, p.2).Should marijuana be made a medical option? Here are the pros and the cons.

Pros of Medicinal Marijuana

            Marijuana is a safe drug because it is less toxic than most of the commonly used medicines. The use of marijuana as a medicine could have replaced the other medicine but it is not readily available for use because it is not legal. It is believed that millions of people are using cannabis and cases of overdose have never been reported. To separate the particulate matter in marijuana many technologies have been employed and the overall effect has been that it is increasing the potency of the drug. Medicinal marijuana is extremely cheap as more of them are often brought into the streets. The cheap nature of this drug allows it to be most effective in the treatment of nausea. Most of the patients who use the drug in cancer chemotherapy acknowledge that they only need one marijuana cigarette making almost 100 times cheaper than the currently known and best treatment for the disease (McCollum, 2001, p. 96).

            Medicinal marijuana is very versatile drug in that it can treat several diseases namely cancer, glaucoma, seizures, pain and even HIV/AIDS. In the treatment of cancer, cannabis has so many positive effects .Marijuana can be used to stimulate the appetite of the patient and can also reduce the rate at which cancer patients are losing weight. Sometimes the use of medicinal marijuana elevates the mood of the cancer patients. The oral tetrahydrocannabinol has become very useful in the treatment of nausea but more patients prefer smoking it because they believe that the smoked drug raises the concentration of the tetrahydrocannabinol in the blood thus faster action. Oncologists have recognized the use of marijuana in the therapy is easier and can bring immediate results (McCollum, 2001, p. 96).

            The second leading cause of blindness in America is glaucoma and the disease can be treated easily by marijuana. The disease comes as a result of increased fluid pressure within the eyeball thus damaging the optic nerve. Marijuana makes the pressure to drop significantly in the nerves. Cannabis has been used to treat grand mal and partial seizures because it dispenses the anticonvulsant medications completely. Marijuana when smoked can reduce several pains like the post surgery pain, menstrual cramps and also headache. The pain that frequently accompanies muscle spasm is effectively cured by marijuana. People infected with HIV/AIDS who takes zidovudine and some inhibitors usually suffer from loss of weight and severe nausea but the use marijuana offsets the problem by enhancing appetite. Once the patients eat they can regain the lost weight and they live longer (McCollum, 2001, p. 97).

Cons of Medicinal Marijuana

             When marijuana is smoked it triggers more tetrahydrocannabinol in the brain which finally enters the blood stream through the lungs causing some short term effects like difficulty in thinking and distorted perception. The long term effects of marijuana may include the increased activation of system responding to stress. Marijuana also has some effects on the heart because when smoked they tend to alter the blood pressure and reduces the oxygen carrying capacity (Shohov, 2003, p. 3).

            Long-term use of Marijuana can have some effects on the lungs because they may contain irritants that promote cancer of the lungs. Heavy smokers can have some respiratory problems. Other than the health effects marijuana can cause personal disturbance and other times may make some body more anxious and always depressed. It is also believed that medicinal marijuana can impair the user immune system by making it unable to fight some opportunistic diseases (Shohov, 2003, p. 5).

            Having considered the pros and cons of the medicinal marijuana there are more potential benefits than the potential risks in its use for the cure and treatment of diseases.


            In conclusion the use of marijuana as a medicine is on the rise again and discussions have been carried and the truth is that cannabis should be allowed to a legal drug for the treatment of diseases that it treat and to cure others. Smoked marijuana damages the brain heart and the lungs thus it should be smoked heavily. The fact that it can relieve pain and even eliminate nausea proves that it is a good drug. Scientist have also assured us that the drug is safe and harmless.



Beau, M. (2010). Medical marijuana: changing times II. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris Corporation.

Connolly, S. (2006). Marijuana. Mankato, MN: Black Rabbits Books.

Gieringer, D., Rosenthal, E., & Carter, G. (2008). Marijuana Medical Handbook: practical guide to therapeutic uses of Marijuana. California: Ed Rosenthal.

McCollum, B. (2001). Medical marijuana referenda movement in America: congress Hearing. Darby, PA: DIANE Publishing.

Shohov, T. (2003). Medical use of marijuana: policy, regulatory, and legal issues. New York: Nova Publishers.