Open Always
Email: Call Now! +1-315 515-4588
Open Always
Email: Call Now! +1-315 515-4588

Sample Essay on Adenovirus

This sample paper on (Sample Essay on Adenovirus) was uploaded by one our contributors and does not necessarily reflect how our professionals write our papers. If you would like this paper removed from our website, please contact us via our Contact Us Page.

A Database of over Million Scholarly Resources. Start your Search Now

Sample Essay on Adenovirus

Adenoviruses are uncovered icosahedra viruses that are medium in size and comprise a nucleocapsid as well as double-stranded linear DNA genome. Several serotypes exist in humans, which cause upper respiratory diseases in kids and several illnesses in adults. Viruses that belong to Adenoviridae family infect several kinds of animals as well as human beings. Adenoviruses were initially separated from human adenoids, where the name originates, and are categorized as group 1 under the Baltimore classification system. Adenoviruses are among the largest uncovered viruses since their bigger size makes it possible for them to be transported to the end as the cover fusion is not required. The virion has a distinct “spike” or fiber linked to every pennon base of the capsid that assists in bonding with the host cell through the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor on the surface of the host cell. The adenovirus genome is linear, non-segmented double-stranded DNA, which enables the virus to transport several genes. Adenoviruses can reproduce in the mammalian nucleus cells through the host’s reproduction system (Williams and Barker202).

Adenovirus is a transmissible DNA form of virus that occurs in two strains: Type 1 called canine adenovirus type 1 and type 2 called canine adenovirus type 2. Type 1 is the most dangerous and leads to infection of key organs or Hepatitis. Type 1 also attacks the liver and results in hemorrhage, leading to acute death due to shock. Type 2 is minor and leads to respiratory infections and pneumonia if not cured. Type 2 is also the main cause of “kennel cough’ in dogs. Adenovirus often affects all kinds of mammals and birds, including cats and dogs. The virus mostly infects animals that are not vaccinated and is transmitted by those that come into contact with the infected ones (Williamsand Barker 204).

Diagnosis is carried out by providing a detailed record of the animal health, commencement of symptoms, earlier diseases, and probable cases that could have resulted in the condition. For example, a dog can be infected by coming into contact with other dogs like kennels or regularity of contact with feces, especially in open areas where dogs are allowed to excrete. The veterinarian conducts a detailed physical examination on the animal using standard laboratory work. Moreover, a complete blood profile is performed as well as chemical blood report, a whole blood count, a urinalysis and an electrolyte panel. Imaging methods comprise abdominal radiography to determine the broadening of the liver(hepatomegaly) and fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity, and abdominal ultrasonography, which is a comprehensive examination of the liver to find out if it is expanded or has necrosis infection (cell death) (Davison,Benko, and Harrach 2903).

The symptoms of Adenovirus starts with a painful throat and coughing since the virus first attacks the throat region. The mouth of a dog develops yellow mucus in the mouth. Hemorrhaging commences as the virus grows, causing nose bleeds as well as small bruises on the skin. Certain dogs also grow cloudy or blue-tint eyes. The advanced phases of the Adenovirus lead to liver and kidney failure as well as high levels of dehydration, confiscations, nausea, diarrhea, and stomach ache. Death occurs once the liver and kidney fail (Thomas et al. 7486).

The treatment of an animal infected with Adenovirus depends on how early the virus is discovered. Early detection requires only simple visits to the veterinarian. If not, inpatient care is required to assist the animal in healing. The veterinarian utilizes a fluid treatment to make the animal hydrated because of quick loss of fluids though diarrhea and vomiting. A fresh blood treatment with antibodies is also utilized which assists in providing additional doses of Potassium and Magnesium. Such process assists in reducing the virus’ ability to prevent clotting of wounds or open sores, which can bleed out. Provision of fresh blood assists the animal’s body to recover quickly and clot open wounds resulting from the virus. Finally, foods with high levels of protein and nitrogen are provided to animals as much a possible because the virus reduces the animal’s ability to feed and maintain a healthy immune system. The required protein and nitrogen supplements found in food assist in fighting the virus. Complete healing takes place after five days of treatment. However, recovery can differ based on the strength of the virus as well as the animal’s immune system and age (Saha, Wong, and Parks3565).

The DA2PPC vaccine is normally given out to animals like dogs to protect them against several viruses, which include adenovirus type 1 and 2.  The vaccine is in most cases given to eight weeks puppies and later at 12 and 16 weeks. The vaccine is given out again at one year and can be administered at every three-year interval. This vaccine protects a dog against adenovirus but must be given out before the animal is infected (San Martin 854).

The Adenovirus infects both humans and pets. Dogs and cats are prone to an adenovirus infection, and it is significant to understand its signs and symptoms. It is necessary to ensure that animals get the full treatment of recommended drugs even they seem to be feeling well. The Adenovirus is dangerous to people and animals and can result in numerous problems and hepatitis. Animals need to be frequently vaccinated and examined to assist in preventing its infection.



Works Cited

Davison, Andrew J., Maria Benko, and Balazs Harrach. “Genetic Content and Evolution of Adenoviruses.” Journal of General Virology 84.11 (2003): 2895-2908.

Saha, Bratati, Carmen M. Wong, and Robin J. Parks. “The Adenovirus Genome Contributes To The Structural Stability Of The Virion.” Viruses 6.9 (2014): 3563-3583.

San Martín, Carmen. “Latest Insights on Adenovirus Structure and Assembly.” Viruses 4.5 (2012): 847-877.

Thomas, Clare E., et al. “Peripheral Infection With Adenovirus Causes Unexpected Long-Term Brain Inflammation In Animals Injected Intracranially With First-Generation, But Not With High-Capacity, Adenovirus Vectors: Toward Realistic Long-Term Neurological Gene Therapy For Chronic Diseases.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97.13 (2000): 7482-7487.

Williams, Elizabeth S., and Ian K. Barker, eds. Infectious diseases of wild mammals. John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

Sharing is: CARING

Are you looking for homework writing help? Click on Order Now button below to Submit your assignment details.

Homework Writing Help
We Can Help you with this Assignment right now!
Sample Essay on Adenovirus

Are you looking for homework writing help on (Sample Essay on Adenovirus)? Well, you can either use the sample paper provided to write your paper or you could contact us today for an original paper. If you are looking for an assignment to submit, then click on ORDER NOW button or contact us today. Our Professional Writers will be glad to write your paper from scratch.

We ensure that assignment instructions are followed, the paper is written from scratch. If you are not satisfied by our service, you can either request for refund or unlimited revisions for your order at absolutely no extra pay. Once the writer has completed your paper, the editors check your paper for any grammar/formatting/plagiarism mistakes, then the final paper is sent to your email.

Privacy| Confidentiality

Sample Essay on Adenovirus

We do not share your personal information with any company or person. We have also ensured that the ordering process is secure; you can check the security feature in the browser. For confidentiality purposes, all papers are sent to your personal email. If you have any questions, contact us any time via email, live chat or our phone number.

Our Clients Testimonials

  • I appreciate help on the assignment. It was hard for me but am good to go now

    Impact of pollution on Environment
  • Am happy now having completed the very difficult assignment

    Creative Message Strategies
  • Your writer did a fine job on the revisions. The paper is now ok

    Ethics: Theory and Practice
  • The paper was so involving but am happy it is done. Will reach you with more assignments

    Title: Privatization in or of America
  • I expected perfection in terms of grammar and I am happy. Lecturer is always on our head but was pleased with my paper. Once again, thanks a lot

    Title: Bundaberg Inquiry
  • The paper looks perfect now, thank to the writer

    Health Care Systems
  • You helped me complete several other tasks as you handled paper. wonna thank you

    Critique Paper on Political Change

Related Articles

Sample Essay on Adenovirus

Analyze the Nursing Roles in providing Comprehensive care in a Variety of Community Health Settings

Community Settings This week’s graded topics relate to the following Course Outcomes (COs). CO3: Plan prevention and population-focused interventions for vulnerable populations using professional clinical judgment and evidence-based practice. (POs...
Read More

Case Study Assignment on Ethical Issues in Asia-Pacific business

Case study assignment on Ethical Issues in Asia-Pacific business For this assignment, students will write a case study report in 2,000 words based on a case identified with circumstance or...
Read More

Sample Report Paper on The proposed reward system and strategy for the big city university

A good reward system should motivate workers. It should also attract and retain the same workers. On the contrary, a bad reward system does not do either of these things....
Read More

Management of PCOS through Homoeopathy-A case report

Introduction PCOS is the acronym for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. It is the most common endocrine disorder of women in their reproductive period manifested by irregular menstrual cycles and polycystic ovaries,...
Read More

Get more from us…

Would you like this sample paper to be sent to your email or would you like to receive weekly articles on how to write your assignments? You can simply send us your request on how to write your paper and we will email you a free guide within 24-36 hours. Kindly subscribe below!

Email Address: