Open Always
Email: support@globalcompose.com Call Now! +1-315 515-4588
Open Always
Email: support@globalcompose.com Call Now! +1-315 515-4588

Sample Essay US Drug Policy

This sample paper on (Sample Essay US Drug Policy) was uploaded by one our contributors and does not necessarily reflect how our professionals write our papers. If you would like this paper removed from our website, please contact us our Contact Us Page.

A Database of over Million Scholarly Resources. Start your Search Now

Sample Essay US Drug Policy

Introduction

The United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) classifies chemicals used to make drugs, and substances into five categories based on their medical use and its potential for drug abuse. The factor that determines which scheduling category a drug will be placed is the rate of abuse. For example substances, which fall under scheduling, they are rated as the most dangerous drugs and lead to drug abuse. As the list goes on, the potential of the drug leading to abuse reduces. The list and scheduling of drugs is contained in the 1970 Controlled Substance Act (CSA).

The CSA is a combination of all the preexisting federal laws on drugs. It is used by federal agents such as the DEA to regulate the manufacturing and distribution of controlled substances. According to Clear (2010), the classification of drugs in this act enables legislators in various states to come up with criminal statutes. Furthermore, a drug can be added or removed from a schedule rather than come up with a new drug law (Clear, 2010).

Although the CSA has attempted to address the issue of drugs by classifying them according to the level of harm it can cause, the schedules do not include alcohol or tobacco yet research has shown that these are drugs have severe effects if abused. In fact, some of the drugs listed in schedule I are less harmful compared to alcohol or tobacco (Nutt et al., 2010). Therefore, there is a need to revise these lists.

Schedule I

These are chemicals, drugs, or substances, which are not used chemically and have a high rate of dependency or abuse. They are considered the most dangerous among all the categories of drugs and lead to bad side effects from its abuse. Examples of these drugs are heroin, peyote, marijuana, and ecstasy.

Schedule II

These are drugs, chemicals, or substances, which can easily be abused and lead to dependency. However, schedule I drugs and chemicals are more lethal. Examples of these drugs are OxyContin, Cocaine, Fentanyl, Adderall among others (Clear, 2010).

Schedule III

These are drugs or substances that have a lower potential for abuse than schedule I and II. They are also used for medical use. The use of these drugs or substances can lead to a reduced physical dependency or a high rate of psychological dependency. Examples of these drugs are anabolic steroids, ergine, marinol, ketamine among others (Nutt et al., 2010).

Schedule IV

These are drugs or substances that are least likely to cause dependency on those who use these drugs compared to those in schedule III. In the United States, these drugs are primarily used as medicine to treat various diseases. Those who are prescribed these drugs can refill them in the course of six months five times. Prescriptions issued by medical practitioners that fall under schedules III, IV or V can be obtained by word of mouth, a doctor’s note or by facsimile. These drugs are tramadol, carisoprodol, chloral hydrate among others (Clear, 2010).

Schedule V

These drugs have a lower capacity to cause drug abuse than schedule IV. Small quantities of narcotics are found in these drugs. They are normally used for analgesic, anti-diarrheal and anti-tussive purposes. Examples of these drugs are Lomotil, Motofen, Lyrica, Parepectoline and cough medication which contains codeine in small quantity.

Updated CSA
Schedule I

Schedule I contain drugs, chemical substances that very addictive and lack any medicinal use. The possession and distribution of these drugs is considered a criminal act. Examples of these drugs are heroin, LSD, mescaline and PCP (Nutt et al., 2010).

Schedule II

These drugs are used for medicinal use but are highly addictive and cause psychological harm. These drugs require a prescription from the doctor before they are issued to the patient. Examples of these drugs are Vicodin, Cocaine, Meperidine, Dexedrine etc.

Marijuana also falls in this category. It has been moved to this category because it has been recognized for its medicinal use especially in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. In addition, it has lees potential to cause harm (Nutt et al., 2010).

Research has shown that cannabis can be used in chemotherapy to curb some of its effects such as vomiting and nausea. It can also be used to treat stiff muscles and pain caused by ailments such as rheumatism. Scientific research has also shown that it can be used to reduce the effects of AIDS.

Schedule III

These are substances that are used for medical purposes but if abused can lead to dependency. Phenobarbitone and midazolam are examples of these drugs.

Schedule IV

These drugs do not require prescription for use. They are subject to light regulation with no possession offence. They are divided into two main categories benzodiazepines and anabolic plus androgenic steroids.

Schedule V

These are substances that can be bought in pharmacies without prescriptions and there is less chance of abuse. Examples of these drugs are medicinal opium, lacosamide, difenoxin and pyrovalerone.

Schedule VI

In this category, the substances or drugs are used for recreational purposes but are prohibited for persons under the age of 21. If these drugs are abused, they are detrimental to one’s health and can ultimately lead to death. Examples of these substances are alcohol and tobacco.

Excessive consumption of alcohol causes chronic diseases, neurological and social problems. Alcohol is harmful to women who are pregnant since it can cause miscarriages and stillbirth. For people under the influence of alcohol, they are prone to cause accidents or get involved in unintentional injuries.

Tobacco is contains nicotine which is very addictive to those who use its products. Tobacco causes lung and oral cancer. Smoking tobacco has been found to lead to heart attacks, strokes, and hypertension. Smoking is harmful to pregnant women as it causes miscarriages or fetal problems such as premature birth. Smoking can also cause erectile dysfunction.

Conclusion

The updated drug scheduling has put into consideration all the recommendations that various research organizations had leveled against it. Based on the testing of the drugs included in the list of scheduling for research purposes, it was found that many of the drugs classified under schedule 1 had various medicinal use and low potential for drug abuse. This contradicts the requirement of that the drug listed in that category should have a high potential for abuse and is not used for any medical purposes. A good example of this is marijuana, which has been used for medical use in ailments such as multiple sclerosis and has been legalized in more than 20 states. In addition, alcohol and tobacco are not included in the drug scheduling yet they present more harmful effects of its use if abused.

References

Allan Clear. (2010). Real Change or Changing Rhetoric? Monitoring the Shift in U.S. Drug Policy. Huffington Post. 

Congressional Research Service. State Legalization of Recreational Marijuana: Selected Legal Issues.

Report of the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, September 10, 1970

 Nutt, David J, King, Leslie A, & Phillips, Lawrence D. (2010). Drug harms in the UK: A multi-   criteria decision analysis. The Lancet, 376(9752), 1558-1565.

United States Government Accountability Office, Office of National Drug Control Policy: Journal of Office Could Better Identify Opportunities to Increase Program Coordination (2013)

Sharing is: CARING

Are you looking for homework writing help? Click on Order Now button below to Submit your assignment details.

Homework Writing Help
We Can Help you with this Assignment right now!
Sample Essay US Drug Policy

Are you looking for homework writing help on (Sample Essay US Drug Policy)?Well, you can either use the sample paper provided to write your paper or you could contact us today for an original paper. If you are looking for an assignment to submit, then click on ORDER NOW button or contact us today. Our Professional Writers will be glad to write your paper from scratch.

 

We ensure that assignment instructions are followed, the paper is written from scratch. If you are not satisfied by our service, you can either request for refund or unlimited revisions for your order at absolutely no extra pay. Once the writer has completed your paper, the editors check your paper for any grammar/formatting/plagiarism mistakes, then the final paper is sent to your email.

Privacy| Confidentiality

Sample Essay US Drug Policy

We do not share your personal information with any company or person. We have also ensured that the ordering process is secure; you can check the security feature in the browser. For confidentiality purposes, all papers are sent to your personal email. If you have any questions, contact us any time via email, live chat or our phone number.

Our Clients Testimonials

  • I appreciate help on the assignment. It was hard for me but am good to go now

    Impact of pollution on Environment
  • Am happy now having completed the very difficult assignment

    Creative Message Strategies
  • Your writer did a fine job on the revisions. The paper is now ok

    Ethics: Theory and Practice
  • The paper was so involving but am happy it is done. Will reach you with more assignments

    Title: Privatization in or of America
  • I expected perfection in terms of grammar and I am happy. Lecturer is always on our head but was pleased with my paper. Once again, thanks a lot

    Title: Bundaberg Inquiry
  • The paper looks perfect now, thank to the writer

    Health Care Systems
  • You helped me complete several other tasks as you handled paper. wonna thank you

    Critique Paper on Political Change

Related Articles

Sample Essay US Drug Policy

Analyze the Nursing Roles in providing Comprehensive care in a Variety of Community Health Settings

Community Settings This week’s graded topics relate to the following Course Outcomes (COs). CO3: Plan prevention and population-focused interventions for vulnerable populations using professional clinical judgment and evidence-based practice. (POs...
Read More

Case Study Assignment on Ethical Issues in Asia-Pacific business

Case study assignment on Ethical Issues in Asia-Pacific business For this assignment, students will write a case study report in 2,000 words based on a case identified with circumstance or...
Read More

Sample Report Paper on The proposed reward system and strategy for the big city university

A good reward system should motivate workers. It should also attract and retain the same workers. On the contrary, a bad reward system does not do either of these things....
Read More

Management of PCOS through Homoeopathy-A case report

Introduction PCOS is the acronym for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. It is the most common endocrine disorder of women in their reproductive period manifested by irregular menstrual cycles and polycystic ovaries,...
Read More

Get more from us…

Would you like this sample paper to be sent to your email or would you like to receive weekly articles on how to write your assignments? You can simply send us your request on how to write your paper and we will email you a free guide within 24-36 hours. Kindly subscribe below!

Email Address: support@globalcompose.com