Research Paper

Research Paper on Sexual Identity and Counseling

Sexual Identity and Counseling


This study will examine how person-centered counseling can aid the sexual minority teenagers in putting up with their sexual identity.  Sexual minority youngsters are facing stigmatization in their day to day life whilst a number of them cannot offer reasons as to why they are in such circumstance. Person-centered tactic is essential in dealing with the issues of sexual identity, as it fails to generalize the issue. It has aided the group in dealing with their issues devoid of any dread of discernment or victimization. The tactic is capable of saving the youth from emotional disturbance, dejection and suicides. It discusses each client’s manners relying on their own circumstances, instead of their collective situations. Psychotherapists are anticipated to make their customers aware of the dangers associated with revealing their sexual identity, and also engage the youth in community activities in the course of the therapy. Even though person-centered therapy has not been helpful in the later stages of sexual identity development, it has aided the youth in their teenage phase.

Sexual Identity and Counseling


Sexual identity includes a point whereby one single-handedly ascertains the social as well as biological aspects of his or her gender. One of the crucial facets of sexual identity is sexual orientation.  Sexual orientation pushes a person to the feeling of being sexually fascinated to another person of the opposing gender. Sexual minority youths are being marked out, thus it is a challenge for them to come in terms with their sexual identity. Therapy enables self-comprehension, confidence as well as recognition. Person-centered tactic in therapy will provide sexual minority youngsters an opening to bring out their emotions and they experience as procedure of disclosure. This study will provide a synopsis of the desire to counsel sexual minority youngsters utilizing a person-centered tactic in an effort to make them agree to their sexual identity.

Applying Person-Centered Counseling to Sexual Minority Adolescents

By S. Jim Lemoire and Charles P. Chen

Persons’ sexuality is molded by societal, past and personal situations, which are shaped by societal, historical and personal circumstances, which conform to societal anticipations. Nevertheless, certain sexual orientations are experiencing isolation, as they appear to go beyond societal anticipations. Sexual minority youngsters face stigmatization as a result of their distinctive requirements. In line with Lemoire and Chen (2005), this group incorporates lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender (LGBT) teenagers, who are struggling to agree to their sexuality identity (p. 146). In this paper, the writers are attempting to look at how personal-centered therapy strategy can be utilized to defuse stigmatization amongst these groups of teenagers. This system has both strong and weaker points, and the core objective of this research is to examine why it is imperative to implement this tactic.

LGBT teenagers are prevalent, however they are present in diverse levels, with widespread stages of sexual identity. A number of them are in the imperative stage of asking question why they behave quite different to straight people. LGBT individuals signify close to 10% of the world’s population, therefore, they ought not to be overlooked in the community. In line with the personal-centered tactic, sexual identity is grouped into diverse stages, which aid the therapist in envisaging, articulating as well as standardizing common experience that control stigmatization. Cass (1986) came up with a concept that verified that a homosexual orientation goes through six stages, which incorporate identity confusion, identity tolerance, identity comparison, identity pride, identity acceptance and identity synthesis (Lemoire & Chen, 2005, p. 147). Even though a number of LGBT adolescents submit to these stages, sexual identity procedure misses an end-point.

Person-centered counseling has been quite successful in dealing with mental anguish that LGBT youngsters experience in the course of sexual orientation confession.  Youngsters who find themselves not in this group of heterosexuals normal become dreadful of interacting with others, and in many occasions, find themselves lonely in the community. They as well encounter the dangers of being victimized and degraded. If they go through a negative emotion in the course of their revelation, the dread of rejection is overblown. Therapists ought to adjust to victim’s perception as sexual orientation disclosure is not widespread. Each victim’s behaviors are analyzed in his or her real situation. Self-concept is essential in growing confidence while the person-centered advice can aid in self-exploration. Therapists ought to aid LGBT youngsters to alter their locus of analysis from external perception to the internal focus in order that they can smoothen their confidence. Counseling provides the client fortification to individual development. The client ought to be permitted to settle on issues to be tackled, as they fathom what to give the first priority. They ought to as well be permitted to move at their own pace.

One of the flaws of the person-centered tactic is that it does not excel to take care of the need of the LGBT youngsters in their later stages of sexual identity development. The tactic ought to permit the customers to reveal their emotions and also authenticating those emotions so as to shun suicides as well as depression. The therapist ought to warn the customers of dangers associated in revealing their sexual orientations, as revealing these data may led to both negative and positive outcomes. As a result the counselor ought to come up with a remedial choice that will include certain danger regarding the admission. Advising LGBT teenagers without having them participate in the youth support groups or occasions will not be enough in catering for their requirements in the later levels of sexual identity. Stigmatized groups face a barricade when it comes to growing into healthy adults because of less confidence. LGBT youngsters have to grow social abilities, and thus can be possible via developing a sense of togetherness,   along with communicating with other adolescents who at all times question their sexual identity.


Therapists have an essential function in enabling sexual identity in the sexual minority teenagers. Many nations are more tolerant to multiplicity of sexual orientations; therefore, LGBT youngsters ought not to be stigmatized at all. The personal-centered tactic ought to be made flexible as well as clear to offer room for the requirements of these groups. Therapists ought to allow the clients to settle on issues of their priority, with the aim of being aided in dealing with serious matters at hand. Sexual orientation can simply succeed well where community services are incorporated. LGBT teenagers fail to enhance their sexual identity completely if they fail to fathom what it means to be what they are. Therapy can aid sexual minority youngster to grow social abilities that can aid in enhancing their sexual identity.


Lemoire, S., & Chen, C. P. (2005). Applying Person-Centered Counseling to Sexual Minority Adolescents. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 83(2), 146-154.


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