Course Works

Course Works on 4 Questions

4 Questions

Question 1

Community policing can be described as a philosophy that is utilized by different police departments and the entire community to design solutions to different issues. Community policing has become a lot easier in modern day society because of social media and internet availability. It was in the past 20 years quite challenging for departments to execute this.

Presently, almost all departments are utilizing social media including Facebook and Twitter to help in engaging more people to the program. Before social media introduction and the internet as well, people would go from door to door to engage the society. This in turn wasted a lot of time and only a few would positively respond (Dempsey & Forst, 2011, p.1).

The department of police also aims at ensuring that citizens participate in various operations via different ways. The department for example welcomes volunteers who can patrol and design initiatives to prevent crimes. There are also many attempts by the police in my community to ensure the entire community is aware of everything that can be essential right from traffic to suspicious activities.

For the past couple of years, the police department has worked with the city and the community and they designed a city hall website. Different activities can take place on the web for example report filing, access of public documents on local crimes that will put are still in the community among others. Currently, police departments utilize Facebook and Twitter to post photos of criminals and current crimes as they try to take into custody those who commit crimes and evade warrants.

What’s more, they have created citizen police institutions where all police officers can collect information from the public. Citizens can additionally utilize public access television (Nebraska, 2014, p.1). “A survey conducted in 2001 by the Institute for Criminal Justice Education (ICJE) found that over 78 percent of law enforcement respondents had a social media account.7 Of those, over 38 percent identified themselves on their profile as policing professionals.8 This finding illustrates the interest law enforcement officers have in social media, in addition to how they choose to identify themselves to others through social media (FBI, 2014, p. 1)’’.

Question 2

DNA has become one of the most popular forensic evidence types in criminal cases based on the fact it can be uniquely identifying and is also the genetic blueprint of a human being’s body. This makes it one of the most important crime puzzle pieces. Even though it may not be in a position to identify the crime’s position, it is an important part of law enforcement investigation. It is also utilized in finding out paternity, human remains and it goes further to explore population of humans and medical history.

The possible issues of utilizing DNA include lack of ideal database sample collection prioritization and database which, is mainly of the criminal justice system and do not utilize DNA in cases that are non-suspect, and current database samples backlog of the convicted offenders that may have not been tested.

The backlog for instance is seen in many crime scenes samples that are still in the lab awaiting examination. An ideal example is “In September 1993, a married couple was attacked on a jogging trail in Dallas by a man with a gun who sexually assaulted the woman after shooting the man.  No suspect was ever positively identified, although police investigated over 200 leads and 40 potential suspects. In August 2000, evidence from the case was analyzed using current DNA technology.  Then, in February 2001, the DNA sample was matched to an individual who was already serving a five-year sentence for an unrelated 1997 sexual assault of a child.  The man has since been convicted of capital murder and aggravated sexual assault” (Justice.gov, 2014, p. 1).

Question 3

Domestic terrorism means the act of committing crime in one’s mother country without other international sources. There are many examples of this kind of terrorism that have taken place in the US in the past years. They include the Fort Hood Shootings that took place in 2009. Muslim radicals during this terrorism act killed 12 people. “From May 2009 through October 2011, arrests were made for 32 ‘homegrown,’ jihadist-inspired terrorist plots by American citizens or legal permanent residents of the United States. Two of these resulted in attacks—U.S. Army Major Nidal Hasan’s alleged assault at Fort Hood in Texas and Abdulhakim Muhammed’s shooting at the U.S. Army-Navy Career Center in Little Rock, AR and produced 14 deaths. By comparison, in more than seven years from the September 11, 2001, terrorist strikes (9/11) through April 2009, there were 21 such plots. Two resulted in attacks, and no more than six plots occurred in a single year (2006). The apparent spike in such activity from May 2009 to October 2011 suggests that at least some Americans – even if a tiny minority – continue to be susceptible to ideologies supporting a violent form of jihad.”

Domestic terrorism therefore has an effect on motherland scrutiny in the U.S.A based on the fact that its main purpose is to prevent threats of terrorism attacks. The growing terror attacks also forces homeland security systems to design strategies that can be utilized to get information on any impending attack.

Question 4

The public response was positive. There were of the idea that the law should be very significant and clear in combatting acts of terrorism. Following the 2001 terror attack where more than 3000 Americans lost their lives, they hoped that the act would help in preventing terrorists from carrying out further attacks. The U.S.A patriotic Act stands for ‘’Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism.’’ This law was developed in 2001 following a terrorist attack in the country.

Cons of the U.S.A Patriot Act

The act protects the First Amendment rights of Americans and this has made terrorists not to be interested in common Americans library habits. Terrorists historically utilized libraries to plan and carry out their activities and it was a threat to the state. The act additionally aided different law enforcement agencies to carry out investigations and to create peace groups in different regions of the country under powers vested to them.

Those that support the act state that it is aimed at preventing further attacks as opposed to bringing to justice those who carry out criminal activities…. we have got to be able to exchange information and bring together all of the knowledge in the U.S. government, and we can’t afford to have people lose their lives because part of the information is in one department and part is in another department and they are not talking to each other” (Colorado.edu, 2014, p. 1).

Pros of the U.S.A Patriot Act

Many of student groups, religious and labor organizations and citizen groups oppose the act. This is based on their argument that it is designed to threaten civil liberties. They further went ahead to create an organization popularly known as Liberties Safe Zones to oppose the law. The American Library Resolution further argues that the law was very dangerous to privacy and legal rights of people who use the library.

Many people also argue that the law was implemented in a rush and the time to interpret was not enough. They went further to claim that with the rise in the number of bookstore and church organizations, the state would be dedicated with gathering of information based on people’s guiltiness than planning possible terror attacks.

 

References

Colorado.edu. (2014). Civil freedoms and the patriot act. Accessed on 17 March2014 from:             <http://www.colorado.edu/PWR/courses/wrtg1150-001/alena/position.html>

Dempsey, J. S. & Forst, L. S. (2011) Police. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar, Cengage Learning.

FBI. (2014). Social media: establishing criteria for law enforcement use. Accessed on 17 March 2014 from: <http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/2013/february/social-media-establishing-criteria-for-law-enforcement-use>

.           http://www.colorado.edu/PWR/courses/wrtg1150-001/alena/position.html

Justice.gov. (2014). Advancing justice through DNA technology: using DNA to solve crimes. Accessed on 17 March 2014 from <http://www.justice.gov/ag/dnapolicybook_solve_crimes.htm>

Nebraska, L. (2014).  Community Based Policing. Lincoln.ne.gov. Accessed on 17 March 2014 from : <http://www.lincoln.ne.gov/city/police/cbp.htm>.

 

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